Air fryers have been touted as a healthy alternative to cooking ‘deep fried’ foods such as crispy potato chips or crumbed chicken, without the fat.
But Australian health experts have weighed in on the cult kitchen gadget, with some suggesting it’s not as healthy as you might think.
Just like a fan-forced oven, air fryers are a small ‘bulky’ benchtop appliance that circulates hot, dry air to produce crispy, golden food with little to no oil.
More than 300,000 fans are part of a Facebook group dedicated to air fryers, with many cooking everything from pork belly with crackling and lean proteins with vegetables to banana bread and pavlova.
Air fryers have been touted as a healthy alternative to cooking ‘deep fried’ foods such as crispy potato chips or crumbed chicken, without the fat (stock image)
Lee Holmes (pictured) said there are ‘positives’ and ‘negatives’ to using an air fryer
Lee Holmes, a Sydney cookbook author, said there are ‘positives’ and ‘negatives’ to using an air fryer.
‘The positives are cooking from home and knowing what ingredients you are using to make your meals rather than relying on ready-made processed meals that may contain high levels of sodium, trans fats and additives,’ she told Daily Mail Australia.
‘This method means that you will be using less unhealthy oils such as vegetables oils which are inflammatory, as you won’t be deep frying ingredients.
‘Another positive is the texture of food as air fryers can result in a crispier chicken than other methods such as roasting. They are also safer than using a deep fat fryer.
‘But on the downside, relying on air fryers doesn’t guarantee that your diet will be any healthier.’
The founder of Supercharged Food said the ‘best kind of diet’ is the one that is ‘diverse’ and focuses on fresh fruit and vegetables, lean protein, good fats and wholegrains.
Dietitian Lyndi Cohen (pictured) – who owns an air fryer – weighed in on the popular gadget
What is an air fryer?
An air fryer is a small benchtop oven that circulates hot, dry air to produce crispy food.
Just like with an fan-forced oven, food being cooked in an air fryer needs to be regularly rotated or shaken to ensure even browning.
Sydney dietitian Lyndi Cohen – who owns an air fryer – pointed out that swapping deep-fried ‘comfort’ foods for air-fried foods doesn’t necessarily mean it’s ‘healthy’.
‘If you’re still cooking your favourite comfort foods like pork bellies or brownies in an air fryer, they’re not going to be significantly healthier,’ she told Daily Mail Australia.
‘I do think that air fryers encourage people to cook more but cooking unhealthy foods in the air fryer are still going to be unhealthy.
‘Ideally you should use air fryers to make healthy foods as opposed to unhealthy comfort foods. Comfort foods [cooked in an air fryer] should be saved for an occasion and not every day.’
The author of The Nude Nutritionist said the device is a great way to creating your favourite dishes with less oil yet delicious results.
‘I love my air fryer… it’s a much healthier way to cook food. You can still get the crispy texture in less time with far less fat. It’s an easy and quick way to make delicious, tasteful vegetables than using an oven,’ she said.
‘You have to wait for the oven to heat up but you can get soft, delicious and crispy sweet potatoes or baked pumpkin in just 15 minutes in an air fryer.
Just like a fan-forced oven, air fryers are a small ‘bulky’ benchtop appliance that circulates hot, dry air to produce crispy, golden food (stock image)
‘Nutritionally, it’s a great way to cook especially if you normally use a deep fryer.’
When she cooks with her air fryer, Ms Cohen said she uses just a ‘spray’ of extra virgin olive oil on her ingredients.
‘I mostly cook vegetables – homemade potato and carrot chips, falafel, homemade sweet potato wedges, crispy chickpeas,’ she said.
‘I also make a healthier chicken schnitzel as I simply crumb a chicken thigh and it’s a far healthier and very tasty alternative.’
The pro and cons of using an air fryer
Built for the health-conscious, air fryers are a great way to cook meals with up to 80 per cent less fat than traditionally deep fried foods.
The device has a shorter cooking time than a typical oven.
Air fryers are fairly large and heavy so it can take up a lot of bench space.
Consumer experts CHOICE claim home cooks can get the same results, if not better, by using an oven.
Last month, Sydney nutritionist Susie Burrell said there are health benefits to cooking crispy food you would normally deep fry.
‘Without doubt, air frying is a way to significantly reduce the fat content of some of your favourite foods that we would traditionally deep fry,’ Ms Burrell told Sunrise.
‘Things like your fried chips, even chicken… it crisps up beautifully when using an air fryer and you are getting up to 80 per cent less fat than traditionally deep fried foods.’
But she warned: ‘The other thing to remember nutritionally is just because it is air fried doesn’t make the base line food healthier.
‘So if you’re choosing chicken wings or chips, they’re still not the healthiest foods out there so still enjoy them in moderation.’
However, CHOICE kitchen expert Fiona Mair said home cooks will get the same results, if not better, by just using a traditional oven.
‘Air fryers are not my favourite appliance,’ she said in a CHOICE review.
‘You might want one if you don’t have an oven or if you have teenagers that want to easily cook themselves hot snacks. But they’re very basic appliances and they can be very expensive while also taking up a lot of space.
‘If you want to cook ‘healthier’ homemade or frozen chips, you can just toss in oil and bake in your oven – you don’t need a special appliance.’
The cost of air fryers range from $49 to $599.
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Kate Gosselin was accused of physically and emotionally abusing her 16-year-old son Collin
Reality star Kate Gosselin was accused of physically and emotionally abusing her son, zip-tying him to a chair, inventing bizarre and humiliating punishments and making him sleep in the basement, bombshell new report claims.
Multiple sources have told DailyMail.com that documents submitted to a court in Pennsylvania during the bitter custody battle between Kate and ex-husband Jon Gosselin allege that Collin Gosselin detailed the horrific abuse by his mother to a court appointed therapist.
Citing a December, 2018 report submitted to the Court of Common Pleas of Berks County, Pennsylvania the sources claim a certified traumatologist and counselor concluded that Collin was suffering from trauma and chronic PTSD.
The female expert claimed in the paperwork that after her third session with Collin, as a mandated reporter, she was duty bound to report the alleged abuse to Childline.
DailyMail.com has reached out to Collin’s father Jon who confirmed the existence of the shocking report, but he said he’s unable to comment.
Kate Gosselin, of Jon & Kate Plus 8, has been accused of physically and emotionally abusing her son Collin and zip-tying him to a chair
Citing a December 2018 report, the sources claim a certified traumatologist and counselor concluded that Collin was suffering from trauma and chronic PTSD
DailyMail.com reached out to Collin’s father Jon who confirmed the existence of the shocking report, but he said he’s unable to comment
In the past, however, the former Jon & Kate Plus 8 star has accused his ex wife of child abuse multiple times.
But only now – as the bitter row between Jon and Kate erupts once again with allegations flying in both directions – is the full shocking extent of the allegations of mental and physical abuse of their son at the hands of Kate coming to light.
Jon has full custody of Collin after fighting for him when he discovered Kate had sent him to a child and adolescent behavioral health facility in Pennsylvania for three years without informing his father.
The most recent claims come as Kate, who has only seen Colin twice in the past five years, slammed her ex who was wrongly accused of abusing his son following a recent altercation.
‘Jon is a violent and abusive person,’ Kate, 45, told People on Wednesday last week.
Kate claimed she was notified by the County of Berks, Pennsylvania Child & Youth Services that Jon was under active investigation over the incident.
‘If this doesn’t qualify as assault, I don’t know what does,’ the Kate Plus 8 star said of the alleged encounter.
On September 3, Collin posted on Instagram that his father was a ‘liar’ who ‘beat’ him.
‘He punched me in the face and gave me a swollen nose and I started bleeding,’ wrote the teenager. ‘He then continued to kick me in the ribs after I was on the floor.’
The post was subsequently deleted.
DailyMail.com has since learned the incident was investigated but any claims were unfounded and the probe was dropped within 24 hours, according to a letter given to Jon.
Berks County District Attorney John Adams confirmed no charges or citations were issued as a result of the incident.
Collin Gosselin, 16, claimed in a now deleted Instagram post that his father Jon, 43, kicked and punched him during a violent altercation earlier this month
Jon has full custody of Collin (pictured together) after fighting for him when he discovered Kate had sent him to a child and adolescent behavioral health facility for three years
Jon told DailyMail.com that Kate’s claim is untrue and Collin is troubled as a result of the trauma and PTSD he has suffered due to the abuse by his mother.
‘I really didn’t want to have to come out and talk about this for Collin’s sake, but when Kate is in the media attacking me, calling me a child abuser, I have to defend myself. I love my son and I would never hurt him.’
Collin and Hannah live with Jon, while the other children stay with Kate
Sources close to the case say Kate’s comments against Jon are outrageous given her track record of allegedly abusing Collin.
In a heartbreaking report by Collin’s therapist, which the sources claim is in the documents submitted to the court, Collin told the therapist his mother treated him differently than his other siblings, removed him from playtimes with his brothers and sisters and often made him sleep in a closet or the basement away from his family.
Kate, sources claims, branded Collin a ‘bad’ child in need of punishment and the boy felt he was seen as not deserving of the same affection his siblings would receive because he was still talking to his father Jon.
It’s understood the traumatologist conducted a number of psychological tests on Collin and diagnosed him with chronic PTSD brought about by trauma.
According to the sources in her report, the therapist documents Collin’s statements that as he grew older his experiences with his mother were based on fear.
According to one source, Collin told the therapist that when he didn’t behave he would be subjected to bizarre and outlandish punishments by Kate including having him zip-tied to a chair.
‘The report says he perceived certain events as threats which the therapist said is a classic reaction to trauma and PTSD.’
The shocking report, the sources state, is indicative of someone who has been victimized, suffering from emotional and physical abuse, leaving them feeling increasingly powerless.
According to the report, the reality star also allegedly shamed and humiliated him over his behavior – emotional abuse that led to a deterioration in how he behaved in public and at school.
And Collin places the blame on his mother who was his primary caregiver at the time.
On Thursday Jon’s ex-wife Kate waded in telling People magazine she had been notified by the County of Berks, Pennsylvania Child & Youth Services that Jon was under investigation over the incident. Pictured: Kate with her and Jon’s children, twins Mady and Cara (back row); sextuplets Collin, Leah, Hannah (l-r middle row), Aaden, Joel and Alexis (l-r front row)
‘Collin is facing many difficult issues and my dad is doing everything in his power to help him. My dad loves us and has never been abusive to us in any way,’ his sister Hannah said in defense of her father. She and Collin are pictured together
DailyMail.com reached out to the law firm representing Kate and asked whether her attorney Colleen Norcross had any response to the allegations of abuse leveled at her client.
An assistant said: ‘We cannot talk about that,’ before hanging up the phone.
Another source close to the family said: ‘Jon is a loving father who has never abused his son. He has done nothing but parent his children and attempt to stay out of the public eye for years.
‘Jon has evidential medical proof that Collin’s PTSD was caused by Kate’s relentless physical and emotional abuse of him. It’s a sad situation when a mother who has both physically and psychologically abused her son then sent him away and abandoned him, points the finger at the innocent parent.
‘Jon has 100% legal and physical custody of Collin who now refuses to see his mother because of her long term abuse.’
According to DHS documents seen by DailyMail.com multiple allegations of suspected child abuse against Collin when he was in Kate’s care were investigated.
But in follow up letters Jon was informed that the agency had determined the reports were ‘unfounded’ due to a lack of evidence.
Jon claims Kate didn’t like Collin being ‘difficult’ and ‘stubborn’ as a young boy so sent him into care despite him having no known diagnosed medical condition other than common ADHD.
Last year DailyMail.com published a heartbreaking letter written by Collin while inside the facility revealing how the then 12-year-old boy pleaded with his dad to get him out, writing: ‘You’re my dad, my savior, please help me.’
The letter, written in crayon, also detailed allegations that Kate had been ‘abusive’ towards her son.
The three page note, dated June 21, 2017, was smuggled out of the institution by the boy’s older roommate and passed to Jon.
Last year DailyMail.com published a heartbreaking letter written by Collin while inside the facility revealing how the then 12-year-old boy pleaded with his dad to get him out, writing: ‘You’re my dad, my savior, please help me’
Horrified, Jon immediately took steps to verify the letter and have his son removed from the facility.
The family source said: ‘Jon had to fight to find Colin and remove him from the facility to care for him and love him.
‘Kate visited Collin a total of two times in three years while he was in the facility.
‘Since Jon had him released, Kate has never attempted to contact, Collin or even show up to his custody hearing.
‘Instead, she has shunned him and told his siblings he is “crazy” and to do the same.’
Legally the warring couple had joint custody over their flock for years but after a long protracted court battle a judge decided the children should decide for themselves where they want to live. Collin has been living with his father full-time since February 2018, along with his sister Hannah. The other four sextuplets: Alexis, Aaden, Joel and Leah live with their mother Kate, while twins Mady and Cara, 19, are away at college.
Jon and Kate divorced in 2009 after 10 years of marriage, and found huge fame thanks to their reality series Jon & Kate Plus 8
In an interview with DailyMail.com last week Jon says he has been dealing with the fallout of Collin’s PTSD since he left the behavioral health facility.
‘Dealing with a child with mental health issues is taxing, I’m taxed,’ the IT consultant admitted. ‘But I love my son. I will not give up. I go to therapy, we all go to family therapy, to deal with having a son that has been traumatized and abused by his mother.
‘It’s very difficult for me. I’m trying to learn how to handle Collin, I have my own demons as well, but I never punched him or kicked him or anything like that.
Jon added: ‘None of this is Collin’s fault. He’s 16. He’s got a lot of issues to work through and we’re here to help him.’
Jon and Kate divorced in 2009 after 10 years of marriage, and found huge fame thanks to their reality series Jon & Kate Plus 8.
The former couple first welcomed their twins in 2001; the sextuplets followed in 2004. Most recently Kate starred in the reality dating series, Kate Plus Date, in 2019.
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US coronavirus death toll tops 200,000
More than 200,000 Americans have now died from COVID-19 – a bleak milestone reached on Tuesday that comes even as the national death rate continues to decline.
The number of Americans dying from coronavirus per day, based on a weekly average, is now at just over 760.
It is down from the peak 2,000 deaths being reported per day back in April.
While deaths continue to decline across the country, fatalities related to COVID-19 are a lagging indicator and can potentially rise several weeks after new cases.
The national infection rate started increasing just over a week ago, which is a rise health experts have attributed to some schools reopening and parties over the Labor Day holiday.
The average number of COVID-19 cases being reported per day is now at just under 40,000 with total infection in the US topping 6.8 million.
The number of Americans dying from coronavirus per day, based on a weekly average, is now at just over 760. It is down from the peak 2,000 deaths being reported per day back in April
Before this uptick, cases, on average, had been trending downwards nationally since July when about 70,000 infections were being reported daily.
California, Texas and Florida – the three most populous US states – have recorded the most coronavirus infections and have long surpassed the state of New York, which was the epicenter of the outbreak earlier this year.
The southern states of Texas and Florida contributed the most deaths in the US in the past two weeks and were closely followed by California.
Deaths in those three states are currently declining.
The states that saw the largest increases in deaths in the last week were Arkansas, Kansas and Virginia.
The University of Washington’s Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation is predicting that deaths will rise to more 378,000 by the end of the year.
The model forecasts that more than 114,000 lives could be saved if the majority of Americans wear masks but epidemiologists have already warned that mask-wearing is already declining across the country.
The national infection rate started increasing just over a week ago. The average number of COVID-19 cases being reported per day is now at just under 40,000 with total infection in the US topping 6.8 million
The death rate projected by the IHME model, which has been cited by the White House Coronavirus Task Force, would more than triple the current daily death rate to to 3,000 per day in December.
During the early months of the pandemic, 200,000 deaths was regarded by many as the maximum number of lives likely to be lost in the United States to the virus.
‘The idea of 200,000 deaths is really very sobering, in some respects stunning,’ Dr Anthony Fauci, the government’s top infectious-disease expert, told CNN.
President Donald Trump on Monday said he had done a phenomenal job on the pandemic.
‘It affects virtually nobody. It’s an amazing thing,’ Trump told supporters at a Swanton, Ohio, campaign rally Monday night.
‘It affects… elderly people with heart problems and other problems – if they have other problems that’s what it really affects, that’s it.’
Trump has admitted to playing down the danger of the coronavirus early on because he did not want to ‘create a panic.’
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Trump sets SATURDAY for Supreme Court pick as Mitt Romney joins GOP senators in backing president
President Donald Trump said he will announce his nominee to the Supreme Court on Saturday at the White House after securing enough Republican votes in the Senate to confirm his pick this year.
‘I will be announcing my Supreme Court Nominee on Saturday, at the White House! Exact time TBA,’ Trump tweeted on Tuesday morning.
His announcement came as Senator Mitt Romney – the last remaining Republican holdout – said he would back the president and vote for a nominee in an election year.
‘I intend to follow the Constitution and precedent in considering the president’s nominee. If the nominee reaches the Senate floor, I intend to vote based upon their qualifications,’ Romney said in a statement.
President Donald Trump said he will announce his nominee to the Supreme Court on Saturday at the White House
Senator Mitt Romney – the last remaining Republican holdout – said he would back the president and vote for a Supreme Court nominee in an election year
Romney was the Democrats’ last chance to pick off a Republican senator to support them in their quest to keep the late Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg’s court seat open until after the November election.
Even if Romney had sided with Democrats, the odds of their being able to keep the nomination off the Senate floor would be slim given only two other Republican senators said the nomination should wait. A total of four GOP lawmakers would need to defect.
Romney, a frequent critic of President Trump who voted for one article of impeachment against him, told reporters on Capitol Hill there is historic precedent for when one party controls the White House and the Senate for their nominations to be confirmed.
‘I think there’s some perception on the part of some writers and others that gee what happened with Merrick Garland and some others was unfair. I don’t agree with that,’ he said in reference to Barack Obama’s 2016 Supreme Court nominee.
He declined to say if he would change his mind if Democrat Joe Biden wins the November election.
‘I’m not going to get into the particulars of who wins and who doesn’t. There are there are many possibilities that we could go through. I’ve indicated that what I intend to do, is to proceed with the consideration process and if a nominee actually reaches the floor, then I will vote based upon the qualifications of that nominee,’ he said.
President Trump poses with the Supreme Court justices in June 2017: From left are, Associate Justices Elena Kagan, Samuel A. Alito, Jr., Ruth Bader Ginsburg, and Anthony Kennedy, Chief Justice John Roberts, Jr., the president, Associate Justices Neil Gorsuch, Clarence Thomas, Stephen G. Breyer, and Sonia Sotomayor
Although Trump hasn’t named his pick to the court – Judge Amy Coney Barrett is reported to be at the top of his short list with Barbara Lagoa at a ‘distant second’ – the nomination appears to be all wrapped up with enough Republican senators on board to ensure the nominee gets a vote on the Senate floor.
Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Lindsey Graham said Trump ‘has the votes’ to confirm his pick after two key Republican senators said they would back the president.
Graham is a part of a group of Republican senators pushing to hold the vote before the election.
‘We’ve got the votes to confirm Justice Ginsburg’s replacement before the election. We’re going to move forward in the committee, we’re going to report the nomination out of the committee to the floor of the United States Senate so we can vote before the election. Now, that’s the constitutional process,’ he told Fox News’ Sean Hannity on Monday night.
Graham is one of many Republican senators who did not back then President Barack Obama’s nomination to the Supreme Court in the 2016 election year but said they would back Trump’s pick in this election year.
‘I want you to use my words against me. If there’s a Republican president in 2016 and a vacancy occurs in the last year of the first term, you can say Lindsey Graham said let’s let the next president, whoever it might be, make that nomination,’ the senator said four years ago when arguing against the Garland nomination.
Graham said his stance changed after the heated confirmation process for Trump’s last nominee, Brett Kavanaugh.
‘They said they tried to destroy Brett Kavanaugh so they could fill the seat – they were dumb enough to say that. I’ve seen this movie before. It’s not going to work, it didn’t work with Kavanaugh,’ he told Fox News.
Graham’s confident statements came after Iowa Sen Chuck Grassley, the former Judiciary Committee chair, and Colorado Sen Cory Gardner confirmed that they will back a hearing for Trump’s nominee.
South Carolina Sen Lindsey Graham expressed confidence in Trump’s chances of rushing through a Supreme Court pick in an interview with Fox News on Monday
President Trump’s chances of confirming a nominee were boosted after Iowa Sen Chuck Grassley (left) and Colorado Sen Cory Gardner (right) confirmed that they will back a vote in an election year
It had been speculated that Grassley could try to block the nomination process because he’d previously opposed filling Supreme Court vacancies during an election year.
‘The Constitution gives the Senate that authority, and the American people’s voices in the most recent election couldn’t be clearer,’ Grassley said in a statement.
Grassley was chairman of the Judiciary Committee when Republicans blocked Obama’s pick in 2016, when he joined McConnell in arguing that it was best to let voters decide who should fill the Supreme Court seat.
The senator maintained that stance as recently as this summer, telling reporters that he would still hold that position if he were chairman. But now he says he supports the president.
Gardner’s stance was also in question because he faces a tough re-election race in his home state, and some thought he could side with Democrats to boost his standing among moderate voters.
But Gardner said: ‘When a President exercises constitutional authority to nominate a judge for the Supreme Court vacancy, the Senate must decide how to best fulfill its constitutional duty of advice and consent.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell vowed on the Senate floor Monday there will be a vote on President Trump’s Supreme Court pick this year
‘I have and will continue to support judicial nominees who will protect our Constitution, not legislate from the bench, and uphold the law. Should a qualified nominee who meets this criteria be put forward, I will vote to confirm.’
The news of both senators preparing to back Trump came as a blow to the Democrats fighting to block Trump and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell’s plans to rush the court appointment.
The nomination will come just six weeks before the election and has sparked fierce debate, particularly after Ginsburg – a beloved liberal icon – made her last wishes known.
Ginsburg, who died Friday from complications from colon cancer, dictated a statement to her granddaughter Clara Spera before her death, saying: ‘My most fervent wish is that I will not be replaced until a new president is installed.’
Democrats have used her statement and Republican actions in 2016 – when they wouldn’t move forward with Obama’s nomination of Merrick Garland to the Supreme Court, citing election year politics – as the basis of their argument for holding off on confirming a new judge.
The Republican argument at the time was that the position should not be filled until a new president was elected by the American people – a standard set by the Republicans that the Democrats now argue the party must continue to honor.
Two GOP senators – Lisa Murkowski and Susan Collins – have said the nomination should wait until after the November 3 election.
Republican Senator Ted Cruz defended his colleagues’ decision to support Trump’s nomination after failing to support Obama’s.
‘Everybody has changed their position,’ the GOP senator from Texas told CBS’ ‘This Morning.’
‘Every Democrat has flipped,’ he added. ‘There’s a reason for that. Both sides believe something fundamentally different about Supreme Court justices. The Democrats and Joe Biden have promised to nominate liberal activist judges.’
He noted Republicans – both President Trump and Senate Republicans – ran for office promising to name conservative judges to the courts, adding that since the GOP kept control of the Senate in the 2018 midterms, voters gave them the nod of approval to confirm a justice.
‘President Trump ran promising to nominate principled constitutionalists to the court. The American people elected him.The American people elected a Republican majority three times in 2014, 2016, 2018. The Republican majority in the Senate ran promising to confirm constitutionalist judges,’ Cruz said.
Judge Amy Coney Barrett (left) has reportedly emerged as Trump’s top choice to replace Ginsburg, sources say – and Barbara Lagoa (right) is a ‘distant second’
Republican Senator Ted Cruz defended his colleagues’ decision to support President Donald Trump’s Supreme Court nominee
Many Republicans senators have said they support voting on President Donald Trump’s Supreme Court nominee in an election year after refusing to back then President Barack Obama’s nominee in 2016
Republican Senate Leader Mitch McConnell, in March 2016, refused to bring President Barack Obama’s Supreme Court nominee Merrick Garland (above) to the Senate floor for a vote
In March 2016, Obama nominated Judge Merrick Garland,a moderate jurist, to fill the vacancy left by the death of Justice Antonin Scalia.
But McConnell refused to bring Garland’s nomination to the Senate floor, saying the winner of the November election should get to pick the next justice even though the contest was eight months away.
Now McConnell and most of his Republican senators say they will back Trump’s nominee, noting the circumstances are different from four years ago since their party controls both the White House and the Senate.
‘We’re going to vote on this nomination on this floor,’ McConnell said Monday in a Senate floor speech.
He did not commit to a date to vote on the nominee. President Trump has pushed for a vote before the November 3 election but that time table would leave Republicans less than 40 days for Trump’s pick to meet with senators, hold a confirmation hearing, have the committee vote on the nominee and then the final vote on the Senate floor.
Additionally a confirmation vote shortly before the election could be awkward politically for those Republican senators in tough races.
Unfazed by the intense pressure to delay the nomination process, Trump has said he is ‘strongly considering’ five candidates to replace Ginsburg, with Barrett emerging as a favorite.
Trump met with Barrett, a judge on the Seventh Circuit and mother of seven who adopted two children from Haiti, at the White House on Monday.
Bloomberg reported that the president is ‘leaning toward’ Barrett for the nomination but is also planning to meet with another contender, Lagoa, sometime this week.
Sources told the outlet that Lagoa, a judge on the US Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit and former justice on the Florida Supreme Court, is the only other person being seriously considered for the job, but she is a ‘distant second’ to Barrett.
Trump said Monday that he will wait to announce his nomination until Friday or Saturday – after funeral services for Ginsburg have concluded.
‘I think it’ll be on Friday or Saturday,’ Trump said of the impending announcement for his third Supreme Court nomination. ‘And we want to pay respect. We, it looks like, it looks like we will have probably services on Thursday or Friday, as I understand it.’
‘I think in all due respect we should wait until the services are over for Justice Ginsburg,’ he told the Fox & Friends panel during a Monday morning call-in interview. ‘And so we’re looking probably at Friday or maybe Saturday.’
Trump told Fox & Friends Monday morning he will reveal his pick to replace Ruth Bader Ginsburg on Friday or Saturday, claiming he wanted to ‘respect’ her by waiting until after her funeral services to make the announcement
Trump said he is ‘seriously considering’ five or four different people for the job, as a person familiar with the process said the White House narrowed it down to four women – Amy Coney Barrett, Barbara Lagoa, Kate Todd and Allison Jones Rushing
Speaking to reporters before leaving the White House on Monday, Trump urged the Senate to vote on the nomination before the election, claiming there is ‘plenty of time’ to get someone through the process before Election Day on November 3.
‘I’d much rather have a vote before the election because there’s a lot of work to be done,’ the president asserted. ‘We have plenty of time to do it. I mean there’s really a lot of time. So let’s say I make the announcement on Saturday, there’s a great deal of time before the election. That’ll be up to Mitch in the Senate. I think it sends a good signal. And it’s solidarity… I’m just doing my constitutional obligation.’
WHO’S WHO ON TRUMP’S SUPREME COURT SHORTLIST
Ted Cruz, Texas. 49
Josh Hawley, Missouri. 40
Tom Cotton, Arkansas. 43
Bridget Bade, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. 54
Stuart Kyle Duncan, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit. 48
James Ho, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, 47
Gregory Katsas, U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. 56
Barbara Lagoa, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit. 52
Carlos Muñiz, Supreme Court of Florida. 51
Martha Pacold, U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. 41
Peter Phipps, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. 47
Sarah Pitlyk, U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri. 43
Allison Jones Rushing, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit. 38
Lawrence VanDyke, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. 47
CURRENT AND FORMER REPUBLICAN OFFICIALS
Daniel Cameron, Kentucky Attorney General. 34
Paul Clement, partner with Kirkland & Ellis, former solicitor general. 54
Steven Engel, assistant attorney general for the Justice Department’s Office of Legal Counsel. 46
Noel Francisco, former U.S. solicitor general. 51
Christopher Landau, U.S. ambassador to Mexico. 56
Kate Todd, deputy White House counsel. 45
At the same time signaling ‘respect’ for the late justice, the president also brought into question her ‘dying wish’ that she not be replaced by a Trump nominee.
He cast doubt on Ginsburg’s dying wish to have the next president replace her on the Supreme Court, alleging it was actually written by a Democrat.
Trump said it was actually Senate Democratic Leader Chuck Schumer, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi or House Intelligence Chairman Adam Schiff who were behind the justice’s last request.
There is not proof that this allegation has any validity and Trump did not offer any explanation.
‘I don’t know that she said that, or was that written out by Adam Schiff, Schumer and Pelosi,’ Trump said during his Fox & Friends interview.
‘I would be more inclined to the second, it sounds so beautiful. But that sounds like a Schumer deal or maybe a Pelosi or shifty Schiff. So that that came out of the wind. Let’s see. I mean, maybe she did and maybe she didn’t,’ he added.
Ginsburg’s granddaughter Clara Spera said that in her dying days, the liberal justice dictated a dying wish to her.
‘My most fervent wish is that I will not be replaced until a new president is installed,’ she said.
Trump told reporters before boarding Marine One from the South Lawn Monday: ‘It just sounds to me that it would be someone else. I don’t believe – it could be, it could be and it might not be too.
‘It was just too convenient,’ he added.
Trump also lashed out at House Speaker Pelosi on Monday – calling her ‘crazy’ after she refused to rule out impeaching him in a gambit that could be used to stall a Supreme Court confirmation process.
Trump blasted the idea – which has some political risks and practical flaws – as he defended his infamous July 25, 2019 call with the president of Ukraine that was the subject of the Democratic impeachment effort as ‘perfect.’
‘@SenateGOP Crazy Nancy Pelosi wants to Impeach me if I fulfill my Constitutional Obligation to put forth a Nominee for the vacated seat on the United States Supreme Court. This would be a FIRST, even crazier than being Impeached for making a PERFECT phone call to Ukrainian Pres,’ Trump tweeted Monday morning.
The attack came hours after Pelosi refused on Sunday to rule out impeachment as one of the ‘options’ Democrats could avail themselves of in an effort to try to stall a vote on the judicial vacancy.
‘We have our options. We have arrows in our quiver that I’m not about to discuss right now but the fact is we have a big challenge in our country,’ she told ABC’s ‘This Week ‘ when asked about the prospect.
‘This president has threatened to not even accept the results of the election,’ Pelosi continued. ‘Our main goal would be to protect the integrity of the election as we protect the people from the coronavirus.’
Trump also attacked House Speaker Nancy Pelosi on Monday as ‘crazy’ after she refused to rule out impeaching him in a gambit that could be used to stall a Supreme Court confirmation process
‘We have our options. We have arrows in our quiver that I’m not about to discuss right now but the fact is we have a big challenge in our country,’ said House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, who was asked if she might use impeachment as a tactic to slow a Supreme Court nomination
Ginsburg will be honored in a viewing outside the Supreme Court building later this week, according to pandemic-era guidelines.
The late Justice will lie in state this week as her casket will be on public view Wednesday and Thursday at the Supreme Court Building and Friday in National Statuary Hall in the US Capitol. Private ceremonies will also be held at both locations.
Pelosi announced Monday that the formal ceremony at the Capitol on Friday morning is invitation-only due to the COVID pandemic.
It’s unclear if Trump and Democratic nominee Joe Biden will pay their respects and, if so, when.
Ginsburg will be buried next week at Arlington National Cemetery in a private service, the court said in a statement. Her husband, Martin Ginsburg, was buried at Arlington in 2010.
Ruth Bader Ginsburg, who was lovingly referred to as RBG, died last week at the age of 87 due to complications from an ongoing battle with pancreatic cancer. She will be honored in an outdoor viewing near the Supreme Court building later this week
The president has signaled an impending announcement following the death of Ginsburg last week, claiming it’s his ‘obligation’ to nominate a new justice ‘without delay.’
With Ginsburg’s passing, only two of the remaining eight justices are women, prompting Trump to promise over the weekend he will nominate a female.
There are four women who have made the shortlist, a source with knowledge of the process said, according to Politico – Barrett, Lagoa, Kate Todd and Allison Jones Rushing.
Barrett is 48, Lagoa is 52, Rushing is 38 and Todd is 45. If any of these women are nominated and confirmed, they would be the youngest currently seated on the current Supreme Court.
‘These are the smartest people, the smartest young people, you like to go young, because they’re there for a long time,’ Trump told Fox & Friends.
He added that his nominee would ‘abide by the Constitution,’ be a ‘good person’ and have ‘very, very high moral values.’
Who is Amy Coney Barrett?
On Saturday afternoon, Trump named Amy Coney Barrett, 48, of the Chicago-based 7th Circuit and Barbara Lagoa, 52, of the Atlanta-based 11th Circuit as possible nominees.
Emerging as the favorite is Barrett, 48, a mother of seven children, including two adopted from Haiti and one with special needs.
Her involvement in a cult-like Catholic group where members are assigned a ‘handmaiden’ has caused concern in Barret’s nomination to other courts and is set to come under fierce review again if she is Trump’s pick.
The group was the one which helped inspire ‘The Handmaids Tale’, book’s author Margaret Atwood has said.
Barrett emerges now as a front runner after she was already shortlisted for the nomination in 2018 which eventually went to Brett Kavanaugh.
Trump called the federal appellate court judge ‘very highly respected’ when questioned about her Saturday.
Born in New Orleans in 1972, she was the first and only woman to occupy an Indiana seat on the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals.
Married to Jesse M. Barrett, a partner at SouthBank Legal in South Bend and former Assistant United States Attorney for the Northern District of Indiana, the couple have five biological and two adopted children.
Their youngest biological child has Down Syndrome.
Friends say she is a devoted mother – and say with just an hour to go until she was voted into the 7th District Court of Appeals by the U.S. Senate in 2017, Barrett was outside trick-or-treating with her kids.
Barrett’s strong Christian ideology makes her a favorite of the right but her involvement in a religious group sometimes branded as a ‘cult’ is set to be harshly criticized.
In 2017, her affiliation to the small, tightly knit Christian group called People of Praise caused concern while she was a nominee for a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit.
The New York Times reported that the practices of the group would surprise even other Catholics with members of the group swearing a lifelong oath of loyalty, called a covenant, to one another.
They are also assigned and held accountable to a personal adviser, known until recently as a ‘head’ for men and a ‘handmaid’ for women and believe in prophecy, speaking in tongues and divine healings.
Members are also encouraged to confess personal sins, financial information and other sensitive disclosures to these advisors.
Advisors are allowed to report these admissions to group leadership if necessary, according to an account of one former member.
The organization itself says that the term ‘handmaid’ was a reference to Jesus’s mother Mary’s description of herself as a ‘handmaid of the Lord.’
They said they recently stopped using the term due to cultural shifts and now use the name ‘women leaders.’
The group deems that husbands are the heads of their wives and should take authority over the family while ‘the heads and handmaids give direction on important decisions, including whom to date or marry, where to live, whether to take a job or buy a home, and how to raise children,’ the Times reported.
Unmarried members are placed living with married couples members often look to buy or rent homes near other members.
Founded in 1971, People of Praise was part of the era’s ‘great emergence of lay ministries and lay movements in the Catholic Church,’ founder Bishop Peter Smith told the Catholic News Agency.
Beginning with just 29 members, it now has an estimated 2,000.
According to CNA, some former members of the People of Praise allege that leaders exerted undue influence over family decision-making, or pressured the children of members to commit to the group.
At least 10 members of Barrett’s family, not including their children, also belong to the group.
Barrett’s father, Mike Coney, serves on the People of Praise’s powerful 11-member board of governors, described as the group’s ‘highest authority.’
Her mother Linda served as a handmaiden.
The group’s ultra-conservative religious tenets helped spur author Margaret Atwood to publish The Handmaid’s Tale, a story about a religious takeover of the U.S. government, according to a 1986 interview with the writer.
The book has since been made into a hit TV series.
According to legal experts, loyalty oaths such at the one Barrett would have taken to People of Praise could raise legitimate questions about a judicial nominee’s independence and impartiality.
‘These groups can become so absorbing that it’s difficult for a person to retain individual judgment,’ said Sarah Barringer Gordon, a professor of constitutional law and history at the University of Pennsylvania.
‘I don’t think it’s discriminatory or hostile to religion to want to learn more’ about her relationship with the group.
‘We don’t try to control people,’ said Craig S. Lent. ‘And there’s never any guarantee that the leader is always right. You have to discern and act in the Lord.
‘If and when members hold political offices, or judicial offices, or administrative offices, we would certainly not tell them how to discharge their responsibilities.’
During her professional career, Barrett spent two decades as a law professor at the University of Notre Dame, from which she holds her bachelor’s and law degrees.
She was named ‘Distinguished Professor of the Year’ three separate years, a title decided by students.
A former clerk for late Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia, she was nominated by Trump to serve on the 7th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in 2017 and confirmed in a 55-43 vote by the Senate later that year.
At the time, three Democratic senators supported her nomination: Joe Donnelly (Ind.), who subsequently lost his 2018 reelection bid, Tim Kaine (Va.) and Joe Manchin (W.Va.), according to the Hill.
She was backed by every GOP senator at the time, but she did not disclose her relationship with People of Praise which led to later criticism of her appointment.
Barret is well-regarded by the religious right because of this devout faith.
Yet these beliefs are certain to cause problems with her conformation and stand in opposition to the beliefs of Ginsburg, who she would be replacing.
Axios reported in 2019 that Trump told aides he was ‘saving’ Barrett to replace Ginsburg.
Her deep Catholic faith was cited by Democrats as a large disadvantage during her 2017 confirmation hearing for a seat on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 7th Circuit.
‘If you’re asking whether I take my faith seriously and I’m a faithful Catholic, I am,’ Barrett responded during that hearing, ‘although I would stress that my personal church affiliation or my religious belief would not bear in the discharge of my duties as a judge.’
Republicans now believe that she performed well in her defense during this hearing, leaving her potentially capable of doing the same if facing the Senate Judiciary Committee.
She is a former member of the Notre Dame’s ‘Faculty for Life’ and in 2015 signed a letter to the Catholic Church affirming the ‘teachings of the Church as truth.’
Among those teachings were the ‘value of human life from conception to natural death’ and marriage-family values ‘founded on the indissoluble commitment of a man and a woman’.
She has previously written that Supreme Court precedents are not sacrosanct. Liberals have taken these comments as a threat to the 1973 Roe v. Wade decision legalizing abortion nationwide.
Barrett wrote that she agrees ‘with those who say that a justice’s duty is to the Constitution and that it is thus more legitimate for her to enforce her best understanding of the Constitution rather than a precedent she thinks clearly in conflict with it’.
Among the other statements that have cause concern for liberal are her declaration that ObamaCare’s birth control mandate is ‘grave violation of religious freedom.’
LGBTQ organizations also voiced their concern about her when she was first named on the shortlist.
She has also sided with Trump on immigration.
In a case from June 2020, IndyStar reports that she was the sole voice on a three-judge panel that supported allowing federal enforcement of Trump’s public charge immigration law in Illinois,
The law would have prevented immigrants from getting legal residency in the United States if they rely on public benefits like food stamps or housing vouchers.
Who is Barbara Lagoa?
Barbara Lagoa , 52, was named by Trump as one of his potential nominees to the Supreme Court.
A Cuban American who parents fled to the U.S., Lagoa was born in Miami in 1967. She grew up in the largely Cuban American city of Hialeah.
According to the Tampa Bay Times, her parents fled Cuba over five decades ago when Fidel Castro’s Communist dictatorship took over.
During the 2019 news conference in Miami announcing her appointment to the Supreme Court, she told the crowd that her father had to give up his ‘dream of becoming a lawyer’ because of Castro.
If nominated to the nation’s high court by Trump and confirmed by the Senate, the mother of three daughters would be the second Latino justice to ever serve.
She served on the 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for less than a year after being appointed by Trump and confirmed by the Senate on an 80-15 vote
Prior to that she also spent less than a year in her previous position as the first Latina and Cuban American to serve on the Florida Supreme Court.
Lagoa is considered a protégé of Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis, a close Trump ally.
Her position in crucial swing state Florida could help Trump politically.
Last week, she voted in the majority in a ruling that barred hundreds of thousands of Florida felons who have served their time from voting unless they pay fees and fines owed to the state.
This decision could have a major impact on the presidential race as Florida is often won by a candidate by only razor-thin margins.
‘Florida’s felon re-enfranchisement scheme is constitutional,’ Lagoa wrote in a 20-page concurrence, according to USA Today.
‘It falls to the citizens of the state of Florida and their elected state legislators, not to federal judges, to make any additional changes to it.’
In 2000 Lagoa was one of a dozen mostly pro bono lawyers who represented the Miami family of Elián González, a Cuban citizen who became embroiled in a heated international custody and immigration controversy.
In 2016 while in the Florida Third District Court of Appeal, she wrote an opinion reversing the conviction of Adonis Losada, a former Univision comic actor sentenced to 153 years in prison for collecting child porn.
She ruled that a Miami-Dade judge erred in not allowing Losada to defend himself at trial.
That same month she became unpopular with free press advocates when she was one of three judges who allowed a Miami judge to close a courtroom to the public for a key hearing in a high-profile murder case.
They ruled that publicity surrounding the machete murder of a student in Homestead might unfairly sway jurors at a future trial.
Lagoa is a graduate of Florida International University and Columbia University Law.
She is is a member of the conservative Federalist Society, which stresses that judges should ‘say what the law is, not what it should be.’
She is married to lawyer Paul C. Huck Jr., and her father-in-law is United States District Judge Paul Huck.
WHO IS ALLISON JONES RUSHING?
At 38-years-old, Judge Allison Jones Rushing is the youngest woman Trump is considering to become a Supreme Court Justice.
The only other potential nominee younger than Rushing is Kentucky Attorney General Daniel Cameron, who is 34. But President Donald Trump vowed to nominate a woman to fill Ruth Bader Ginsburg’s seat, meaning Rushing is effectively the youngest potential nominee.
Trump told Fox & Friends he want to nominate someone young ‘because they’re there for a long time.’
Rushing in from North Carolina and graduated magna cum laude Duke University School if Law in 2007, where she served as executive editor of the Duke Law Journal.
She formerly worked at Williams and Connolly and now serves as judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth District.
She clerked from 2007-2008 for then-Judge Neil Gorsuch, who went on to become a Supreme Court Justice by Trump’s nomination. And also clerked for Justice Clarence Thomas during the 2010–2011 term.
In March 2019, Rushing was confirmed as a federal judge after being nominated by Trump.
During the confirmation proceedings, Rushing was asked about her ties to Alliance Defending Freedom (ADF) – which is a conservative Christian group she interned for in 2005 while in law school.
ADF has received harsh criticism for opposing LGBT rights and had been labeled a ‘hate group’ by some. But Rushing said ‘Hate is wrong, and it should have no place in our society. In my experience with ADF, I have not witnessed anyone expressing or advocating hate.’
WHO IS KATE TODD?
Donald Trump listed former White House Associate Counsel Kate Todd, 45, as one of his potential nominees for the open Supreme Court seat.
Todd currently teaches law of federal courts at George Washington University Law School and serves as a public member of the Administrative Conference of the United States.
She is also a contributor for the Federalist Society, where a group of conservatives and libertarians advocates for an originalist interpretation of the Constitution
Following the president’s vow over the weekend to nominate a female for Ruth Bader Ginsburg’s seat, a person familiar with the process said the White House has included Todd on a list of top four picks.
While serving in the White House, Todd helped vet federal judges for nomination and advised the president and his staff on a wide range of legal and constitutional issues.
Todd graduated magna cum laude from Harvard Law School where she was also executive editor of the Harvard Law Review.
She clerked for Justice Clarence Thomas – who was nominated by George H.W. Bush and is currently the only black Supreme Court Justice – and for Judge J. Michael Luttig of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit.
Kate Comerford Todd is the former senior vice president and chief counsel for the U.S. Chamber Litigation Center – the litigation arm of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.
She also was a partner in the appellate, litigation, and communications practices of Wiley, Rein & Fielding in Washington D.C. where she represented businesses in federal and state litigation and regulatory matters.
Todd lives in Virginia with her husband and their four children.
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