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Eagle-eyed James Herriot viewers spo­­t mistakes in the remake of All Creatures Great And Small

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eagle eyed james herriot viewers spot mistakes in the remake of all creatures great and small

The return of All Creatures Great And Small to TV screens has captivated millions with its nostalgic, bucolic delights.

But for more eagle-eyed viewers, the Channel 5 version of James Herriot’s veterinary adventures in the Yorkshire Dales contains a number of irritating inconsistencies and blunders.

Several have taken to social media to point out discrepancies, especially when compared to the BBC original, that really shouldn’t happen to a vet.

For instance, in last week’s episode, fresh-faced Herriot, as played by newcomer Nicholas Ralph, had to put down a racehorse. However, the breed used in filming was a hunter, leaving knowledgeable fans aghast. 

Eagle-eyed viewers of All Creatures Great And Small, Channel 5's version of James Herriot's veterinary adventures, noticed it contains a number of irritating inconsistencies

Eagle-eyed viewers of All Creatures Great And Small, Channel 5's version of James Herriot's veterinary adventures, noticed it contains a number of irritating inconsistencies

Eagle-eyed viewers of All Creatures Great And Small, Channel 5’s version of James Herriot’s veterinary adventures, noticed it contains a number of irritating inconsistencies

Fans took to social media to point out discrepancies, especially when compared to the BBC original, that shouldn't happen to a vet. Pictured, Samuel West who plays Siegfried Farnon

Fans took to social media to point out discrepancies, especially when compared to the BBC original, that shouldn't happen to a vet. Pictured, Samuel West who plays Siegfried Farnon

Fans took to social media to point out discrepancies, especially when compared to the BBC original, that shouldn’t happen to a vet. Pictured, Samuel West who plays Siegfried Farnon

The surgery building prompted criticism as it is built of stone, not the traditional brick of North Yorkshire. The gaffe came as the remake was filmed further south in the Yorkshire Dales

The surgery building prompted criticism as it is built of stone, not the traditional brick of North Yorkshire. The gaffe came as the remake was filmed further south in the Yorkshire Dales

The surgery building prompted criticism as it is built of stone, not the traditional brick of North Yorkshire. The gaffe came as the remake was filmed further south in the Yorkshire Dales

In the first episode, Herriot left a gate open as he drove his domineering practice owner, Siegfried Farnon, into a farm – a glaring breach of the Countryside Code. 

‘I was expecting Siegfried to go ballistic at any moment, but he didn’t seem to care,’ said one mystified fan in an online forum.

Several of the show’s five million viewers also noted that the car driven by Siegfried, played by Samuel West, is tiny compared to the sturdy Rover 75 used in the BBC original, which ran from 1978 to 1990.

‘How would he fit his dogs and kit in there?’ asked one.

Other viewers regret the new show’s lack of farmyard muck, saying everything looks far too clean, such as a pristine tractor parked in the middle of a muddy field, which prompted ridicule online. 

Another fan wrote that one vet was ‘far too clean for someone who’s up to his oxters in a cow. In fact, everything looked a bit too clean.’ 

In the first episode, Herriot left a gate open as he drove his domineering practice owner, Siegfried Farnon, into a farm – a glaring breach of the Countryside Code

In the first episode, Herriot left a gate open as he drove his domineering practice owner, Siegfried Farnon, into a farm – a glaring breach of the Countryside Code

In the first episode, Herriot left a gate open as he drove his domineering practice owner, Siegfried Farnon, into a farm – a glaring breach of the Countryside Code

The character of Siegfried's housekeeper, Edna Hall, was also questioned. She was originally played by Mary Hignett (above), who was 62 when the series started

The character of Siegfried's housekeeper, Edna Hall, was also questioned. She was originally played by Mary Hignett (above), who was 62 when the series started

The character of Siegfried’s housekeeper, Edna Hall, was also questioned. She was originally played by Mary Hignett (above), who was 62 when the series started

Channel 5 invited comparisons with the BBC version by using the original theme tune to end the first episode, but fans were disappointed it was not a permanent fixture

Channel 5 invited comparisons with the BBC version by using the original theme tune to end the first episode, but fans were disappointed it was not a permanent fixture

Channel 5 invited comparisons with the BBC version by using the original theme tune to end the first episode, but fans were disappointed it was not a permanent fixture

Several of the show's five million viewers noted that the car driven by Siegfried, played by Samuel West, is tiny compared to the sturdy Rover 75 used in the BBC original

Several of the show's five million viewers noted that the car driven by Siegfried, played by Samuel West, is tiny compared to the sturdy Rover 75 used in the BBC original

Several of the show’s five million viewers noted that the car driven by Siegfried, played by Samuel West, is tiny compared to the sturdy Rover 75 used in the BBC original

The character of Siegfried’s housekeeper, Edna Hall, was also questioned. Described as dour in Herriot’s books, she was originally played by Mary Hignett, who was 62 when the series started. 

But some viewers say that now she’s played by Anna Madeley, 44, she is both too young, and ‘comes across like a bully’.

The surgery building in the new series prompted criticism as it is built of stone, not the traditional brick of North Yorkshire. The gaffe came as the remake was filmed further south in the Dales.

One keen viewer even noted that the surgery’s phone number had changed from Darrowby 85 in the BBC series to Darrowby 2297 now.

Channel 5 invited comparisons with the BBC version by using the original theme tune to end the first episode, but fans were disappointed it was not a permanent fixture.

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Joe Exotic writes plea for help and claims ‘harassing’ prison guard is meddling in his marriage

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joe exotic writes plea for help and claims harassing prison guard is meddling in his marriage

Tiger King star Joe Exotic has issued yet another a desperate plea for help after claiming he is being cruelly and unfairly mistreated behind bars.

Exotic is serving 22 years at Federal Medical Center in Fort Worth, Texas after being convicted in a murder-for-hire plot against his nemesis Carole Baskin.

But the former big cat breeder – who insists he’s innocent of his crimes – says he’s going through hell in prison and is being targeted by prison staff in a campaign of abuse.

Exotic – real name Joe Maldonado-Passage – lays out the alleged abuse in handwritten letters, complaint forms and emails obtained by DailyMailTV and believes one guard in particular has it in for him.

He says the officer is ‘harassing’ and ‘stalking’ him and even threatened to lock him away in solitary confinement ‘forever’.

And in another bombshell claim, DailyMailTV has learned Exotic was sexually assaulted and left with gruesome injuries from his shackles at a previous facility he was held at.

It’s claimed staff at his current prison in Texas search Exotic’s room every other day, write him up for minor prison violations, berate him on a daily basis and hurl cutting insults his way, even claiming his husband Dillon is cheating behind his back.

A fellow inmate who spent time with Exotic in prison told DailyMailTV that the abuse is taking its toll on the star and he’s dropped 40lbs of weight through stress.

Tiger King star Joe Exotic has issued yet another a desperate plea for help after claiming he is being cruelly and unfairly mistreated behind bars. It's claimed staff at his current prison in Texas search Exotic's room every other day, write him up for minor prison violations, berate him on a daily basis and hurl cutting insults his way, even claiming his husband Dillon is cheating behind his back

Tiger King star Joe Exotic has issued yet another a desperate plea for help after claiming he is being cruelly and unfairly mistreated behind bars. It's claimed staff at his current prison in Texas search Exotic's room every other day, write him up for minor prison violations, berate him on a daily basis and hurl cutting insults his way, even claiming his husband Dillon is cheating behind his back

Tiger King star Joe Exotic has issued yet another a desperate plea for help after claiming he is being cruelly and unfairly mistreated behind bars. It’s claimed staff at his current prison in Texas search Exotic’s room every other day, write him up for minor prison violations, berate him on a daily basis and hurl cutting insults his way, even claiming his husband Dillon is cheating behind his back 

And in another bombshell claim, DailyMailTV has learned Exotic was sexually assaulted and left with gruesome injuries from his shackles (pictured) at a previous facility he was held at

And in another bombshell claim, DailyMailTV has learned Exotic was sexually assaulted and left with gruesome injuries from his shackles (pictured) at a previous facility he was held at

And in another bombshell claim, DailyMailTV has learned Exotic was sexually assaulted and left with gruesome injuries from his shackles (pictured) at a previous facility he was held at

Exotic - real name Joe Maldonado-Passage - lays out the alleged abuse in handwritten letters (pictured), complaint forms and emails obtained by DailyMailTV and believes one guard in particular has it in for him

Exotic - real name Joe Maldonado-Passage - lays out the alleged abuse in handwritten letters (pictured), complaint forms and emails obtained by DailyMailTV and believes one guard in particular has it in for him

Exotic – real name Joe Maldonado-Passage – lays out the alleged abuse in handwritten letters (pictured), complaint forms and emails obtained by DailyMailTV and believes one guard in particular has it in for him

He’s also unrecognizable as the colorful, larger than life animal trainer we all remember in hit Netflix series Tiger King.

These days Exotic is much more subdued, is regularly brought to tears and his trademark bleach blond hair has grown out leaving a dark brown mane.

The inmate also says Exotic’s famous ‘bangs’ are out of control after being refused a haircut for months.

In a letter laying out a long list of his worst grievances Exotic writes of the officer that’s targeting him: ‘Mr ********* cannot leave my personal life alone. It’s very scary.’

In one document called a ‘request for administrative remedy’, Exotic writes: ‘I am being harassed by Lt *********. he is trying to be a marriage counselor, not treating me as a human, impartially, fairly or respectfully. It feels as if he is stalking me on my marriage (and) my husbands (sic) bussiness (sic).’

Exotic requests that the guard – who DailyMail.com is not naming for legal reasons – ‘stop harassing me, (and) to stop telling me what to do with my husband and family matters.’

Exotic said he had asked the guard to stop and emailed other staff, but nothing was done.

The animal lover also complained that prison officers are purposely making bad copies of the hundreds of fan mail letters he receives every day.

In the formal complaint he writes: ‘I receive a lot of letters. The return address is cut off and parts of letter missing due to not copying correctly.’

He claims to have over 40 letters that haven’t been copied properly.

In one document called a 'request for administrative remedy', Exotic writes: 'I am being harassed by Lt *********. he is trying to be a marriage counselor, not treating me as a human, impartially, fairly or respectfully. It feels as if he is stalking me on my marriage (and) my husbands (sic) bussiness (sic)'

In one document called a 'request for administrative remedy', Exotic writes: 'I am being harassed by Lt *********. he is trying to be a marriage counselor, not treating me as a human, impartially, fairly or respectfully. It feels as if he is stalking me on my marriage (and) my husbands (sic) bussiness (sic)'

In one document called a ‘request for administrative remedy’, Exotic writes: ‘I am being harassed by Lt *********. he is trying to be a marriage counselor, not treating me as a human, impartially, fairly or respectfully. It feels as if he is stalking me on my marriage (and) my husbands (sic) bussiness (sic)’

In a letter laying out a long list of his worst grievances Exotic writes of the officer that's targeting him: 'Mr ********* cannot leave my personal life alone. It's very scary'

In a letter laying out a long list of his worst grievances Exotic writes of the officer that's targeting him: 'Mr ********* cannot leave my personal life alone. It's very scary'

In a letter laying out a long list of his worst grievances Exotic writes of the officer that’s targeting him: ‘Mr ********* cannot leave my personal life alone. It’s very scary’

The animal lover also complained that prison officers are purposely making bad copies of the hundreds of fan mail letters he receives every day. In the formal complaint he writes: 'I receive a lot of letters. The return address is cut off and parts of letter missing due to not copying correctly.' He claims to have over 40 letters that haven't been copied properly (pictured)

The animal lover also complained that prison officers are purposely making bad copies of the hundreds of fan mail letters he receives every day. In the formal complaint he writes: 'I receive a lot of letters. The return address is cut off and parts of letter missing due to not copying correctly.' He claims to have over 40 letters that haven't been copied properly (pictured)

The animal lover also complained that prison officers are purposely making bad copies of the hundreds of fan mail letters he receives every day. In the formal complaint he writes: ‘I receive a lot of letters. The return address is cut off and parts of letter missing due to not copying correctly.’ He claims to have over 40 letters that haven’t been copied properly (pictured)

In another complaint, this time an ‘informal resolution attempt’ over email, Exotic concludes: ‘I don’t want to deal with this anymore. Its (sic) clear Mr ********* has a personal issue with me and it needs to stop. This has started since I hit this compound when he threatened me one hour after I got here that I would never get out of the shu. This is a personal issue and ********* is targeting me and harassing me.’

One of Exotic’s fellow inmates witnessed some of the alleged mistreatment and told DailyMail.com the star is being given a rough ride.

The prisoner said when Exotic first arrived at the facility he was put in isolation – or the SHU (special housing unit) as the prisoners call it – because prison bosses didn’t immediately know what to do with him.

Because of his high profile, staff feared Exotic could be attacked or cause issues in the general population.

As a result he was kept in isolation for four months before it was decided to move him to a separate ‘quarantine’ area on the second floor of the hospital.

The area is currently being used to quarantine inmates for 14 days before they leave prison.

Being based in this unit means Exotic has no access to outdoor exercise or any other prison activities.

The inmate, who asked not to be named, said: ‘When Joe first arrived there is this corrections officer who made clear he just doesn’t like him.

‘He said to Joe, “My goal is to keep you in the SHU for as long as I can because I don’t like you”. And it all started from there.

‘First thing he told me, he showed me his mail, because they’re purposely not copying it properly for him, they don’t want him to have a fan base.

‘He gets some 150 pieces of mail a day, half are rejected so he only gets the rejection slip, but the rest they’re only copying half the letter and half the return address.

‘The staff are p***ed that they have to deal with all his mail so they’re f**king with him.’ 

One of Exotic's fellow inmates witnessed some of the alleged mistreatment and told DailyMail.com the star is being given a rough ride. The prisoner said when Exotic first arrived at the facility he was put in isolation - or the SHU (special housing unit) as the prisoners call it - because prison bosses didn't immediately know what to do with him

One of Exotic's fellow inmates witnessed some of the alleged mistreatment and told DailyMail.com the star is being given a rough ride. The prisoner said when Exotic first arrived at the facility he was put in isolation - or the SHU (special housing unit) as the prisoners call it - because prison bosses didn't immediately know what to do with him

One of Exotic’s fellow inmates witnessed some of the alleged mistreatment and told DailyMail.com the star is being given a rough ride. The prisoner said when Exotic first arrived at the facility he was put in isolation – or the SHU (special housing unit) as the prisoners call it – because prison bosses didn’t immediately know what to do with him

Exotic is serving 22-years at Federal Medical Center in Fort Worth, Texas after being convicted in a murder-for-hire plot against his nemesis Carole Baskin

Exotic is serving 22-years at Federal Medical Center in Fort Worth, Texas after being convicted in a murder-for-hire plot against his nemesis Carole Baskin

Exotic is serving 22-years at Federal Medical Center in Fort Worth, Texas after being convicted in a murder-for-hire plot against his nemesis Carole Baskin

The inmate continued: ‘They’ve wrote him up three times as well. Another inmate in the SHU gave a cop (corrections officer) three stamps and asked if they could give them to Joe.

‘The cop took them to him and then wrote him up for accepting something of value from another inmate.

‘They just keep messing with him, making incident reports about him and most are unjustified.

‘He would then have his phone or email taken away or his commissary, they are making it hard on him because he’s a celebrity.’

The inmate says the officer constantly berates Exotic and verbally abuses him.

‘He’ll tell Joe he saw pictures of his husband not wearing his ring, he’d say he doesn’t love you anymore, he doesn’t care about you anymore,’ he said.

‘Joe had a bunch of pictures of his husband Dillon and his former dead husband Travis on his wall and the CO ripped them all down.

‘He’s going out of his way to upset Joe and it’s working, he’s miserable, worn down by it. The officer even told him, “I listen to every single phone call you make and read every single email”, it’s almost like he’s stalking him.

‘They just turn his computer off for three days for no reason. He hasn’t been given any clothes, he’s wearing hand me downs from other prisoners.

‘Joe has sent some 50 emails complaining, but no one ever responds.’

And the inmate told DailyMail.com that he believes upper management at the facility are behind the mistreatment.

The inmate says the officer constantly berates Exotic and verbally abuses him. 'He'll tell Joe he saw pictures of his husband not wearing his ring, he'd say he doesn't love you anymore, he doesn't care about you anymore,' he said

The inmate says the officer constantly berates Exotic and verbally abuses him. 'He'll tell Joe he saw pictures of his husband not wearing his ring, he'd say he doesn't love you anymore, he doesn't care about you anymore,' he said

The inmate says the officer constantly berates Exotic and verbally abuses him. ‘He’ll tell Joe he saw pictures of his husband not wearing his ring, he’d say he doesn’t love you anymore, he doesn’t care about you anymore,’ he said

They added: 'It's not just the one CO, there's this other officer who is pretty cool, he tells it like it is. He told Joe, "Listen, I don't have a problem with you, but I've been told by staff supervisors that we're supposed to f**k with you at all times, we're supposed to make you miserable"

They added: 'It's not just the one CO, there's this other officer who is pretty cool, he tells it like it is. He told Joe, "Listen, I don't have a problem with you, but I've been told by staff supervisors that we're supposed to f**k with you at all times, we're supposed to make you miserable"

They added: ‘It’s not just the one CO, there’s this other officer who is pretty cool, he tells it like it is. He told Joe, “Listen, I don’t have a problem with you, but I’ve been told by staff supervisors that we’re supposed to f**k with you at all times, we’re supposed to make you miserable”

And the inmate told DailyMail.com that he believes upper management at the facility are behind the mistreatment.

And the inmate told DailyMail.com that he believes upper management at the facility are behind the mistreatment.

And the inmate told DailyMail.com that he believes upper management at the facility are behind the mistreatment.

‘It’s not just the one CO, there’s this other officer who is pretty cool, he tells it like it is. He told Joe, “Listen, I don’t have a problem with you, but I’ve been told by staff supervisors that we’re supposed to f**k with you at all times, we’re supposed to make you miserable”.

‘The officers violate his rights every day, he’s never had a haircut, his bangs are down past his nose, they’ve not given him any clothes, he wasn’t given a pillow like everyone else.’

The prisoner added that Exotic’s health and physical appearance has deteriorated.

‘He looks horrible, he’s got the big old bags under his eyes, droopy face, he’s lost a ton of weight, he don’t eat good when he does eat,’ he said.

‘The bleach blond has gone, his hair is a mess, I feel bad for him,’ he said.

Francisco Hernandez, a Fort Worth based attorney and lead counsel for ‘Team Tiger’ – the group assembled to free Exotic – slams his client’s treatment.

Hernandez claims that after three months in solitary confinement, Exotic was slapped with a fourth month because staff wrongly concluded that a phone call with his lawyer and power of attorney was a discussion about a prison break.

He said: ‘They added a month because on the very first phone call that I had with him, Ann Patrick, his power of attorney, was lawfully entitled to be a participant and Joe was distraught, crying, and desperate.

‘Ann was trying to encourage Joe, and said, “you sit tight, we’re going to get you out. We’re going to get you out. We’re going to get you out”.

‘They went to Joe and interpreted it that there was going to be a breakout attempt.

‘They’re not even supposed to be listening to my conversations with him because of attorney/client privilege, so how the hell did they know what was said.

‘They listened to every single one of his conversations, they were reading every single one of his emails. They open my attorney mail and I know because I’ve sent some tests, thrown some shiny objects at them just to see what would happen.

‘Even during COVID I found out last week that it was not prohibited from me seeing my client in person and they have refused every week.’

The prisoner added that Exotic's health and physical appearance has deteriorated. 'He looks horrible, he's got the big old bags under his eyes, droopy face, he's lost a ton of weight, he don't eat good when he does eat,' he said

The prisoner added that Exotic's health and physical appearance has deteriorated. 'He looks horrible, he's got the big old bags under his eyes, droopy face, he's lost a ton of weight, he don't eat good when he does eat,' he said

The prisoner added that Exotic’s health and physical appearance has deteriorated. ‘He looks horrible, he’s got the big old bags under his eyes, droopy face, he’s lost a ton of weight, he don’t eat good when he does eat,’ he said

They added: 'The officers violate his rights every day, he's never had a haircut, his bangs are down past his nose, they've not given him any clothes, he wasn't given a pillow like everyone else'

They added: 'The officers violate his rights every day, he's never had a haircut, his bangs are down past his nose, they've not given him any clothes, he wasn't given a pillow like everyone else'

They added: ‘The officers violate his rights every day, he’s never had a haircut, his bangs are down past his nose, they’ve not given him any clothes, he wasn’t given a pillow like everyone else’

Eric Love, the lead investigator and executive manager for ‘Team Tiger’, said Exotic’s abuse while behind bars started even before he arrived at FMC in Fort Worth.

‘He was in Grady County jail in Oklahoma first… where he was restrained. 

‘A lot of horrible things happened. We have pictures where literally the skin is off of his wrist. He was sexually assaulted… that’s a horrible thing to go through, male or female.

‘He’s transferred to the federal system and basically he can’t see his attorney. He can’t see anybody from his legal group. 

‘We have fought, hands down, left, right to try to get in. They always have an excuse, COVID. They reduced his phone calls.

‘The warden there will not let him use the phone to contact any media outlet, so we have to be his voice.

‘There’s a linen issue, he has a problem with keeping clean and good linen. They won’t provide it to him. They’ve targeted him at the prison, this poor guy is walking around with the biggest target on his back.

‘There’s a little power struggle with one particular guard over there, and we know him well.

‘Between limiting the commissary, limiting the amount of stamps that you purchase, it’s a real challenge. I mean, not only is he physically incarcerated, he’s mentally incarcerated to a whole different degree having to deal with this, all of a sudden there’s a new rule depending on whoever’s on shift that day, that’s problematic.

‘You have 1,499 other inmates in there. And for some reason, this only applies to Joe. An absolute travesty.’

Exotic's close friend and filmmaker Theresa McKeown (pictured together), says still hasn't been given an orientation despite arriving at the facility in April

Exotic's close friend and filmmaker Theresa McKeown (pictured together), says still hasn't been given an orientation despite arriving at the facility in April

Exotic’s close friend and filmmaker Theresa McKeown (pictured together), says still hasn’t been given an orientation despite arriving at the facility in April

McKeown says Exotic isn't being afforded even the most basic of rights and is being purposely ignored because of his high profile. 'They claim it's because he's too high profile to be in general population. Honestly, I just don't think they want to deal with him'

McKeown says Exotic isn't being afforded even the most basic of rights and is being purposely ignored because of his high profile. 'They claim it's because he's too high profile to be in general population. Honestly, I just don't think they want to deal with him'

McKeown says Exotic isn’t being afforded even the most basic of rights and is being purposely ignored because of his high profile. ‘They claim it’s because he’s too high profile to be in general population. Honestly, I just don’t think they want to deal with him’

Exotic’s close friend and filmmaker Theresa McKeown, says still hasn’t been given an orientation despite arriving at the facility in April.

‘He still doesn’t know what the rules are, but he keeps getting written up for violations for breaking the rules. So he’s kind of finding out the hard way.

‘He’s never been given a clean set of clothing. He’s never been in the general population, so he has none of the, even smallest perks. He can’t buy things from the commissary, all his clothes are hand me downs, he can’t get a haircut.’

McKeown says Exotic isn’t being afforded even the most basic of rights and is being purposely ignored because of his high profile.

‘They claim it’s because he’s too high profile to be in general population. Honestly, I just don’t think they want to deal with him.’

Team Tiger is currently pushing for a legal appeal to overturn Exotic’s conviction.

His attorney has also submitted an application to the White House asking President Trump for a presidential pardon.

Attorney Hernandez says the team won’t stop until Joe Exotic is released from his cage…no matter how long it takes.

‘My commitment is a 22-year commitment. I’m on Joe’s case, even if we have to serve all 22 years, I will not give up,’ he said.

This post first appeared on dailymail.co.uk

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Coronavirus antibodies that can ‘neutralize’ the virus can last at least five months

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coronavirus antibodies that can neutralize the virus can last at least five months

Coronavirus immunity can last up to five months – and maybe even longer – in the majority of survivors, a new study suggests.

Researchers found that those who had mild-to-moderate illness, about 90 percent of people, had a robust and stable immune response against COVID-19. 

What’s more, most of these patients had antibodies that were able to neutralize, or kill, the virus, known as SARS-CoV-2.

The team, from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City, says the findings show it is very likely decrease the odds of reinfection – and if it occurs – severely weakens the disease.. 

It comes on the heels of a study from the UK that found a more than 26 percent decline in COVID-19 antibodies over the course of three months.  

About 70% of coronavirus survivors had high levels of antibodies, 22% had moderate levels and 8% had low levels (above)

About 70% of coronavirus survivors had high levels of antibodies, 22% had moderate levels and 8% had low levels (above)

About 70% of coronavirus survivors had high levels of antibodies, 22% had moderate levels and 8% had low levels (above)

All of the blood serum in the high groups had neutralizing activity against the virus's spike protein as did 90% in the moderate group and 50% in the low group (above)

All of the blood serum in the high groups had neutralizing activity against the virus's spike protein as did 90% in the moderate group and 50% in the low group (above)

All of the blood serum in the high groups had neutralizing activity against the virus’s spike protein as did 90% in the moderate group and 50% in the low group (above)

Patients had stable response after three months with only modest declines after five months (above)

Patients had stable response after three months with only modest declines after five months (above)

Patients had stable response after three months with only modest declines after five months (above)

‘While some reports have come out saying antibodies to this virus go away quickly, we have found just the opposite,’ said senior author Dr Florian Krammer, a professor of vaccinology at the Icahn School of Medicine.

‘[M]ore than 90 percent of people who were mildly or moderately ill produce an antibody response strong enough to neutralize the virus, and the response is maintained for many months.’

For the study, published in the journal Science, the team looked at data from more than 30,000 individuals screened at The Mount Sinai Health System between March 2020 and October 2020.

The antibody test used was the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), which looks for antibodies that attach to the spike protein the virus uses to enter and infect human cells.

It is also capable of measuring the titer, or level, of antibodies an individual has. 

Antibody test results using distinct dilutions set at 1:80, 1:160, 1:320, 1:960 or 1:2800, with each score indicating the number of times the scientist can dilute a patient’s blood and still be able to detect the presence of antibodies. 

Titers of 1:80 and 1:160 were categorized as low; 1:320 as moderate; and 1:960 or  1:2880 as high.

Of the 30,000-plus patients, about 7.1 percent of patients had low levels, 22.5 percent had moderate levels and 70.4 percent had high levels.

This means more than 90 percent of coronavirus survivors had moderate-to-high levels of anti-spike antibodies.   

Additionally, about 50 percent of blood serum in the low range had neutralizing activity as did 90 percent in the moderate range and all did in the high range. 

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35007904 8893655 image a 46 1603989506424

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35007892 8893655 image a 47 1603989526105

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35007898 8893655 image a 48 1603989528982

Next, the team recalled 121 plasma donors who had a variety of levels to repeat antibody test three months after recovering and again at five months. 

Results showed slight drops after each tests, but a moderate level was retained by most people five months later 

In an interesting findings, there was an increase in levels among those who originally tested as have low or moderate antibody levels.

It may explain the findings of the British study, with 6.6 precent of those having antibody responses to the virus in June and 4.4 percent in September – because those with mild cases have responses that take a longer time to mount.

‘The serum antibody titer we measured in individuals initially were likely produced by plasmablasts, cells that act as first responders to an invading virus and come together to produce initial bouts of antibodies whose strength soon wanes,’ said first author Dr Ania Wajnberg, Director of Clinical Antibody Testing at The Mount Sinai Hospital. 

‘The sustained antibody levels that we subsequently observed are likely produced by long-lived plasma cells in the bone marrow. 

‘This is similar to what we see in other viruses and likely means they are here to stay. We will continue to follow this group over time to see if these levels remain stable as we suspect and hope they will.’   

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35008062 0 image a 49 1603989566640

This post first appeared on dailymail.co.uk

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Surveillance footage shows Calgary cop slamming a handcuffed black woman face-first to the floor

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surveillance footage shows calgary cop slamming a handcuffed black woman face first to the floor

Shocking surveillance footage has shown a Calgary cop slamming a handcuffed black woman face-first to the floor and breaking her nose in what a fellow officer has described as the ‘worst use of force he has seen in 30 years’. 

Calgary Police Constable Alex Dunn was charged with assault causing bodily harm over the violent incident that took place during the arrest of Dalia Kafi back in December 2017 in Calgary, in the western Canadian province of Alberta. 

Dunn is currently standing trial for the alleged assault but has not been fired from the force and is currently working in an administrative role. 

Video played at his trial Monday shows the police officer flipping Kafi to the ground in a ‘judo-style throw’ causing her face to bounce off the concrete and leaving her lying in a pool of blood.   

A Calgary cop is on trial for slamming a handcuffed black woman face-first to the floor and breaking her nose in what a fellow officer has described as the 'worst use of force he has seen in 30 years'. Pictured the footage of the incident above

A Calgary cop is on trial for slamming a handcuffed black woman face-first to the floor and breaking her nose in what a fellow officer has described as the 'worst use of force he has seen in 30 years'. Pictured the footage of the incident above

A Calgary cop is on trial for slamming a handcuffed black woman face-first to the floor and breaking her nose in what a fellow officer has described as the ‘worst use of force he has seen in 30 years’. Pictured the footage of the incident above

The shocking footage of the incident was shown to the court this week and provincial court Judge Michelle Christopher agreed to release it to members of the media.

It shows the officer approaching Kafi, 26 at the time, who is stood in handcuffs with her back against the wall inside a police arrest processing facility. 

Dunn reaches up to Kafi’s head and tries to pull off the headscarf she is wearing. 

Kafi tries to lean away from him but Dunn yanks it off her head. 

The cop then forcefully hurls her to the ground face first in one swift motion with her face visibly bouncing off the ground.

Dunn has a hold of Kafi’s wrists that are handcuffed behind her back and her arms are held in the air as she lies still on the ground for a moment. 

Kafi is seen stirring slightly while Dunn continues to hold her arms and look down at her on the ground for several seconds making no motion to check her injuries.

Another male officer then walks over about 15 seconds later and Dunn steps away.

The officer helps Dafi to her knees and blood spatters can be seen along the floor from the alleged victim’s face.  

Another two male officers emerge in the frame and one is seen putting on medical gloves.  

There is no audio in the footage. 

Calgary police Constable Alex Dunn was charged with assault causing bodily harm during the arrest of Dalia Kafi in December 2017 in Calgary. The shocking footage of the incident was shown to the court this week at Dunn's trial

Calgary police Constable Alex Dunn was charged with assault causing bodily harm during the arrest of Dalia Kafi in December 2017 in Calgary. The shocking footage of the incident was shown to the court this week at Dunn's trial

Calgary police Constable Alex Dunn was charged with assault causing bodily harm during the arrest of Dalia Kafi in December 2017 in Calgary. The shocking footage of the incident was shown to the court this week at Dunn’s trial

Dunn approaches Kafi, 26 at the time, who is stood in handcuffs with her back against the wall inside the police arrest processing facility

Dunn approaches Kafi, 26 at the time, who is stood in handcuffs with her back against the wall inside the police arrest processing facility

Dunn reaches up to Kafi's head and tries to pull off the headscarf she is wearing

Dunn reaches up to Kafi's head and tries to pull off the headscarf she is wearing

It shows the officer approaching Kafi, 26 at the time, who is stood in handcuffs with her back against the wall inside the police arrest processing facility. Dunn reaches up to Kafi’s head and tries to pull off the headscarf she is wearing

The cop then forcefully hurls her to the ground face first in one swift motion with her face visibly bouncing off the ground

The cop then forcefully hurls her to the ground face first in one swift motion with her face visibly bouncing off the ground

The cop then forcefully hurls her to the ground face first in one swift motion with her face visibly bouncing off the ground

A fellow officer told the court it was a 'judo-style throw' and said he heard the alleged victim's facial bones crack on the ground

A fellow officer told the court it was a 'judo-style throw' and said he heard the alleged victim's facial bones crack on the ground

A fellow officer told the court it was a ‘judo-style throw’ and said he heard the alleged victim’s facial bones crack on the ground

Dunn has a hold of Kafi's wrists that are handcuffed behind her back and her arms are held in the air as she lies still on the ground for a moment in a pool of blood

Dunn has a hold of Kafi's wrists that are handcuffed behind her back and her arms are held in the air as she lies still on the ground for a moment in a pool of blood

Dunn has a hold of Kafi’s wrists that are handcuffed behind her back and her arms are held in the air as she lies still on the ground for a moment in a pool of blood

Kafi was taken to hospital where she needed stitches in her lip and underwent surgery for a broken nose.

Calgary police Staff Sgt. Gordon Macdonald testified his colleague’s actions were the ‘worst use of force’ he had seen in his 30-year career and said he could hear the black woman’s bones crack as her face struck the ground. 

‘There’s only one type of sound when somebody’s bone hits the floor and that’s what I heard,’ he said from the witness box, according to CBC.  

‘I advised [Dunn] that it was the worst use of force that I had seen,’ said Macdonald. 

Macdonald, who was the commanding officer at the arresting unit, said Kafi was ‘flinching back’ from Dunn when he hurled her face-first in a ‘judo-style throw’, answering ‘no’ when asked if Kafi had acted in a way that would have justified the use of force. 

He said the black woman was complaining about her arrest but was in no way threatening or aggressive toward any of the officers. 

He said he feared the worst for Kafi after seeing and hearing the assault and called paramedics. 

Macdonald said it was standard practice for the arresting officer to accompany arrestees to the hospital but he made the decision it was not appropriate for Dunn to remain in the 26-year-old’s presence.  

Other officers arrive and Kafi is taken to hospital where she had stitches in her lip and surgery for her broken nose. Dunn is currently standing trial for the alleged assault but has not been fired from the force and is currently working in an administrative role

Other officers arrive and Kafi is taken to hospital where she had stitches in her lip and surgery for her broken nose. Dunn is currently standing trial for the alleged assault but has not been fired from the force and is currently working in an administrative role

Other officers arrive and Kafi is taken to hospital where she had stitches in her lip and surgery for her broken nose. Dunn is currently standing trial for the alleged assault but has not been fired from the force and is currently working in an administrative role

The alleged assault took place in December 2017 when Dunn arrested Kafi over allegedly breaching a court-ordered curfew. 

Kafi said she had been to a friend’s house braiding hair on the night of December 12 when she realized she was out past her curfew of 10 p.m. to 6 a.m..

She told the court a friend was driving her home when they were pulled over for turning on a yellow light.

Kafi said she gave cops her sister’s name at first because she was violating her curfew. 

She then admitted her real name to Dun and was arrested, handcuffed and taken to the arrest processing unit.  

She said she was told to stand against a wall to have her photo taken when the incident took place. 

Judge Michelle Christopher agreed to release the shocking footage

Judge Michelle Christopher agreed to release the shocking footage

Judge Michelle Christopher agreed to release the shocking footage 

The black woman told the court she passed out for a moment after striking her head off the ground, coming round to realize her face was covered in blood. 

Kafi’s mom let out a guttural noise and left the courtroom after she saw the disturbing footage of the alleged assault on her daughter Monday, CBC reported.

Dunn was charged with assault after concerns were raised by colleagues and an internal investigation was launched. 

The cop was suspended with pay for a year while awaiting trial but, after delays due to COVID-19, he has been allowed to return to work in ‘non-operational functions,’ Calgary police said. 

The force’s internal disciplinary process, which will be completed after the trial, will also determine if Dunn’s use of force was reasonable and what disciplinary action, such as dismissal, should be taken.   

‘To ensure the court process is not unfairly influenced, we are limited in regard to completing our internal disciplinary process until the court process is finished,’ police said in a statement.

‘In general terms, police officers are trained to de-escalate conflict and to use the least amount of force necessary to safely resolve a situation. 

‘We expect them to follow the law, our policies and our training.’   

The case comes one month after a judge ruled that several Calgary cops laughed at and mocked a black man who was bitten by a police dog.  

Judge Heather Lamoureux ruled in September that Latef Reakwon Tag El Din, 24, had his charter rights of life, liberty, and security of person violated by several Calgary police officers when they mocked him as he begged to be taken to hospital for his injuries. 

The judge slammed the cops for carrying out a ‘cruel and unusual punishment’ and causing the black man to ‘suffer needlessly.’

This post first appeared on dailymail.co.uk

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