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Postcodes most likely to see shops, pubs and retailers drop like flies when JobKeeper ends

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postcodes most likely to see shops pubs and retailers drop like flies when jobkeeper ends

The postcodes most likely to see businesses collapse when JobKeeper payments are slashed have been revealed.

Jobkeeper wage subsidies were introduced by the Federal Government to tide over workers until businesses reopened after coronavirus lockdowns ended. 

The Morrison government announced in August payments would drop from $1,500 per fortnight to $1,200 for full-time employees beyond September 28.

Part-time JobKeeper payments will be cut from $1,500 to $750.  

Policy researchers from the McKell Institute warned the reduction would cost the national economy $1.52billion every fortnight and would likely lead to mass business closures. 

New South Wales and the ACT will suffer the most, with $581million ripped from the economy. Sydney CBD (pictured) will be the hardest hit losing almost $20million

New South Wales and the ACT will suffer the most, with $581million ripped from the economy. Sydney CBD (pictured) will be the hardest hit losing almost $20million

New South Wales and the ACT will suffer the most, with $581million ripped from the economy. Sydney CBD (pictured) will be the hardest hit losing almost $20million

People out shopping in Sydney CBD wearing face masks on September 5, as the state remains on high alert

People out shopping in Sydney CBD wearing face masks on September 5, as the state remains on high alert

People out shopping in Sydney CBD wearing face masks on September 5, as the state remains on high alert

‘Every dollar of JobKeeper removed from local economies is another dollar workers can’t spend in their local restaurants and cafes and other small businesses,’ the institute’s director of policy Edward Cavanough told 7 News

According to the study, New South Wales and the ACT will suffer the most, with $581million ripped from the economies each fortnight. 

Sydney CBD will be the hardest hit losing almost $20million.

Local businesses in the 2170 postcode, which covers Liverpool and Casula stand to lose $7million every two weeks. 

Melbourne (pictured) will take the biggest hit of $12million, before postcode 3029, which covers Tarneit and Hoppers Crossing in the city's west, will lose $7million

Melbourne (pictured) will take the biggest hit of $12million, before postcode 3029, which covers Tarneit and Hoppers Crossing in the city's west, will lose $7million

Melbourne (pictured) will take the biggest hit of $12million, before postcode 3029, which covers Tarneit and Hoppers Crossing in the city’s west, will lose $7million

A woman wearing a mask as she waits for a tram during COVID-19 lockdowns in Melbourne in September

A woman wearing a mask as she waits for a tram during COVID-19 lockdowns in Melbourne in September

A woman wearing a mask as she waits for a tram during COVID-19 lockdowns in Melbourne in September

Victoria stands to lose $443 million per fortnight. 

Melbourne will take the biggest hit of $12million, with the postcode 3029, which covers Tarneit and Hoppers Crossing in the city’s west, set to lose $7million. 

Queensland – which thrives on tourism – will see a drop of $307 million.

The economy in the Sunshine State will likely continue to suffer under strict border closures, which are set to continue until there is no community transmission recorded for 28 days.

Queensland - which thrives on tourism - will see a drop of $307 million. Cairns (pictured) stands to lose $6million

Queensland - which thrives on tourism - will see a drop of $307 million. Cairns (pictured) stands to lose $6million

Queensland – which thrives on tourism – will see a drop of $307 million. Cairns (pictured) stands to lose $6million

Adelaide CBD will lose about $5million per fortnight, while suburbs of Perth with the postcode 6065 will lose $4million.

Mr Cavanough said: ‘It could be avoided if the Morrison Government maintained JobKeeper at its original rate to ensure small businesses survive the downturn, and more workers keep their jobs.

‘The decision to cross the fiscal cliff is a choice the federal government has made, despite clear evidence that Australia’s economy is still struggling’. 

Adelaide CBD (pictured) in South Australia will lose about $5million

Adelaide CBD (pictured) in South Australia will lose about $5million

Adelaide CBD (pictured) in South Australia will lose about $5million

POSTCODES AT RISK OF BUSINESS COLLAPSE: HOW MUCH SUBURBS STAND TO LOSE EACH FORTNIGHT WHEN JOBKEEPER IS SLASHED 

 NEW SOUTH WALES

 2000 – Sydney CBD, $19,527,732.15

2170 – Liverpool, Casula, Moorebank, Warwick Farm, $7,517,735.40

2010 – Surry Hills, Darlinghurst, $5,602,262.55

2153 – Baulkham Hills, Bella Vista, $5,472,522.15

2250 – Gosford and Central Coast, $5,207,635.50

2145 – Greystanes, Pemulwuy, $4,794,988.95

2200 – Bankstown, $4,443,608.70

2148 – Blacktown, $4,290,442.95

2155 – Kellyville, $4,126,465.50

2026 – Lane Cove, $3,942,666.60

 VICTORIA

3000 – Melbourne CBD, $12,673,114.35

3029 -Tarneit, Hoppers Crossing, $6,936,031.50

3175 – Dandenong, $6,236,899.50

3030 – Werribee, $6,227,982.00

3064 – Craigieburn, $5,466,427.50

3977 – Cranbourne, $5,350,500.00

3121 – Richmond, Burnley, $4,654,935.00

3150 – Glen Waverley, $4,357,090.50

3350 – Ballarat, $4,036,060.50

3023 – Caroline Springs, $3,663,309.00

 QUEENSLAND

4870 – Cairns, $6,822,182.70

4000 – Brisbane CBD, $5,832,912.15

4350 – Toowoomba, $5,784,259.50

4217 – Gold Coast CBD, $5,548,204.05

4211 – Advanctown, Beechmont, Binna Burra, Gave, Nerang, Pacific Pines, $4,674,258.30

4215 – Australia Fair, Chirn Park, Southport, $4,650,832.95

4220 – Burleigh, Miami, $4,438,202.85

4214 – Arundel, Ashmore, Molendinar, Parkwood, $4,160,702.55

4551 – Arroona, Bells Creek, Caloundra, Shelly Beach, $4,153,494.75

4218 – Broadbeach, Mermaid Beach, Pacific Fair, $4,039,971.90

 SOUTH AUSTRALIA

5000 – Adelaide CBD, $5,784,259

5067 – Beulah Park, Kent Town, Norwood, Norwood South, Rose Park. $2,018,184

5063 – Eastwood, Frewville, Fullarton, Highgate, Parkside, $1,416,332.70

5159 – Aberfoyle Park, Chandlers Hil, Flagstaff Hill, Happy Valley, $1,365,878.10

5045 – Glenelg Area, $1,263,166.95

5061 – Hyde Park, Malvern, Unley, Unley Park, $1,232,533.80

5031 – Mile End, Mile End South, Thebarton, Torrensville, $1,203,702.60

5095 – Mawson Lakes, Pooraka, $1,185,683.10

5162 – Morphett Vale, Woodcroft, $1,153,248.00

5158 – Hallet Cove, Sheidow Park, O’Halloran Hill, Trott Park, $1,131,624.60

WESTERN AUSTRALIA

6065 – Ashby, Darch, Hocking, Wanneroo, $4,672,456.35

6000 – Perth CBD, $3,789,500.85

6163 – Hamilton Hill, Spearwood, $3,706,611.15

6155 – Willetton, Canning Vale, $3,506,594.70

6164 – Cockburn, Jandakot, $3,009,256.50

6027 – Joondalup, $2,944,386.30

6210 – Mandurah, $2,937,178.50

6107 – Cannington, $2,511,918.30

6008 – Shenton Park, $2,497,502.70

6018 – Innalloo, Gwelup, $2,322,713.55

 NORTHERN TERRITORY

The NT postcodes that stand to lose the most are:

0810 – Nightcliff, $1,418,134.65

0820 – Darwin, $1,358,670.30

0870 – White Gums, Alice Springs, $1,066,754.40

0800 – Darwin City, $773,036.55

0812 – Marrara, Buffalo Creek, $585,633.75

0830 – Moulden, $545,990.85

0836 – Girraween, $367,597.80

0822 – Rum Jungle, $354,984.15

0850 – Katherine, $324,351.00

0832 – Mitchell, Rosbery, Zuccoli, $306,331.50

TASMANIA

7250 – Launceston, $3,074,126.70

7000 – Hobart, $2,427,226.65

7310 – Devonport, $1,337,046.90

7018 – Tranmere, $946,023.75

7005 – Sandy Bay, Dynnyrne, $864,936.00

7009 – Moonah, Lutana, $821,689.20

7004 – Battery Point, $764,026.80

7320 – Burnie, $736,997.55

7050 – Kingston, $704,562.45

7249 – South Launceston, $657,711.75

 

 

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Melania Trump delights social media by posing for selfie with Ivanka and Tiffany

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melania trump delights social media by posing for selfie with ivanka and tiffany

Melania and her fellow Trump women did their best to drum up some social media support for the President ahead of the first presidential debate on Tuesday night by coming together to pose for a candid selfie backstage at the event. 

The First Lady, 50, delighted her supporters by appearing in the candid snap, which shows her leaning in to pose alongside her stepdaughters Ivanka and Tiffany, and Eric Trump’s wife Lara, who appears to have taken the image on her phone. 

But while the image may have seemed casual, it sparked quite the stir on Instagram because it is one of just a handful of occasions when Melania has been seen posing alongside her stepdaughters. 

Say cheese! Melania Trump delighted her supporters by posing for a rare selfie alongside her stepdaughters, Ivanka and Tiffany, as well as stepson Eric's wife Lara, at the debate on Tuesday

Say cheese! Melania Trump delighted her supporters by posing for a rare selfie alongside her stepdaughters, Ivanka and Tiffany, as well as stepson Eric's wife Lara, at the debate on Tuesday

Say cheese! Melania Trump delighted her supporters by posing for a rare selfie alongside her stepdaughters, Ivanka and Tiffany, as well as stepson Eric’s wife Lara, at the debate on Tuesday

Although the image was snapped by Lara, 37, it was Ivanka, 38, who had the honor of posting it on social media – much to the delight of her followers, who were quick to praise all four women in the photo. 

‘Prettiest first family in our nations history,’ one user commented, while another chimed in: ‘Lovely and strong women!’ 

‘Such beautiful women!’ a third commenter added. 

The selfie was one of just two photos from the first presidential debate that showed Melania and her stepdaughters posing together; while Ivanka and Tiffany were seen with Lara and Don Jr’s partner Kimberly Guilfoyle throughout much of the evening, the First Lady entered the debate venue alone, having spent time with her family backstage ahead of the event. 

In the snap, the four women are all seen wearing face masks, with Melania donning a disposable white covering, while Ivanka, Tiffany, and Lara all chose cloth designs. 

Influencers! The First Lady, 50, also appeared in another social media snap with the three women, as well as Don Jr's longtime partner Kimberly Guilfoyle, as they waited backstage

Influencers! The First Lady, 50, also appeared in another social media snap with the three women, as well as Don Jr's longtime partner Kimberly Guilfoyle, as they waited backstage

Influencers! The First Lady, 50, also appeared in another social media snap with the three women, as well as Don Jr’s longtime partner Kimberly Guilfoyle, as they waited backstage 

But while some praised the women for choosing to wear the protective gear – with one person saying they are the ‘best looking women mask or no mask’ – some anti-masker followers criticized the decision, and urged the Trump ladies to remove them. 

‘Say No to the mask!’ one person commented. ‘They are completely pointless! We’d rather see you beautiful smiling faces!’

Another then wrote: ‘I love you girls! No mask on!!! You go girls!’

A third added: ‘Please take the masks off!’ 

Another photo posted by Lara shows the foursome posing together once again – although this time they were joined by Kimberly, 51.  

While the selfie focused on their faces, the second, full-length Instagram snap allowed all of the women to show off their stylish ensembles to full effect. 

Supporters: Ivanka, Tiffany, Lara, and Kimberly spent much of the evening together, along with Don Jr and his brother Eric, with the group all entering the venue together

Supporters: Ivanka, Tiffany, Lara, and Kimberly spent much of the evening together, along with Don Jr and his brother Eric, with the group all entering the venue together

Supporters: Ivanka, Tiffany, Lara, and Kimberly spent much of the evening together, along with Don Jr and his brother Eric, with the group all entering the venue together 

Strutting their stuff! Ivanka, 38, led the way as the group entered the debate venue and prepared to take their seats

Strutting their stuff! Ivanka, 38, led the way as the group entered the debate venue and prepared to take their seats

Strutting their stuff! Ivanka, 38, led the way as the group entered the debate venue and prepared to take their seats 

Family: Melania, Ivanka, and Tiffany are only pictured together on rare occasions, like in January 2017 during President Trump's inauguration

Family: Melania, Ivanka, and Tiffany are only pictured together on rare occasions, like in January 2017 during President Trump's inauguration

Family: Melania, Ivanka, and Tiffany are only pictured together on rare occasions, like in January 2017 during President Trump’s inauguration

Smile! They also stood alongside one another on election night in November 2016, when the entire Trump family came together to celebrate the President's victory over Hillary Clinton

Smile! They also stood alongside one another on election night in November 2016, when the entire Trump family came together to celebrate the President's victory over Hillary Clinton

Smile! They also stood alongside one another on election night in November 2016, when the entire Trump family came together to celebrate the President’s victory over Hillary Clinton 

Support system: Tiffany, pictured with Melania and Ivanka in 2016, has spent much of Trump's presidency in college, and has not been as much of a constant presence at official events

Support system: Tiffany, pictured with Melania and Ivanka in 2016, has spent much of Trump's presidency in college, and has not been as much of a constant presence at official events

Support system: Tiffany, pictured with Melania and Ivanka in 2016, has spent much of Trump’s presidency in college, and has not been as much of a constant presence at official events

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Australia in for VERY warm long weekend as temperatures soar to 10C above average

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australia in for very warm long weekend as temperatures soar to 10c above average

Huge swathes of Australia will bask in sunshine and experience unseasonably high temperatures over the long weekend. 

Days of wet weather are due to come to an end as a trough brings warm air through Victoria, New South Wales and South Australia beginning on Friday. 

Parts of the country will hit 12C above the October average for the Labour Day public holiday on Monday.

Australians are set to sweat over the long weekend as temperatures soar to 10C above average across parts of the country. Pictured: beachgoers in Melbourne

Australians are set to sweat over the long weekend as temperatures soar to 10C above average across parts of the country. Pictured: beachgoers in Melbourne

Australians are set to sweat over the long weekend as temperatures soar to 10C above average across parts of the country. Pictured: beachgoers in Melbourne

Days of wet weather are due to come to an end as a front-end trough is bringing warm air through Victoria, New South Wales and South Australia. Pictured: Coogee Beach

Days of wet weather are due to come to an end as a front-end trough is bringing warm air through Victoria, New South Wales and South Australia. Pictured: Coogee Beach

Days of wet weather are due to come to an end as a front-end trough is bringing warm air through Victoria, New South Wales and South Australia. Pictured: Coogee Beach

East Coast residents will enjoy sunny weather over the long weekend with the Labour Day public holiday on Monday as temperatures hit 10C above the October average

East Coast residents will enjoy sunny weather over the long weekend with the Labour Day public holiday on Monday as temperatures hit 10C above the October average

East Coast residents will enjoy sunny weather over the long weekend with the Labour Day public holiday on Monday as temperatures hit 10C above the October average

In western parts of Sydney the temperature is expected to be in the high 20s over the weekend before climbing above 30C on Monday. 

Weatherzone meteorologist Graham Brittain told Yahoo News the heat will subside after the public holiday and NSW will see another week of rain.

Temperatures will drop substantially with a high of 23C forecast on Tuesday. 

Adelaide’s peak will be on Friday with a high of 32C, which is 12C above October’s long-term average.

‘In Melbourne, Saturday will reach about 27-29 which is about 10 degrees above the October long-term average,’ Mr Brittain said. 

Canberra is also forecast to have clear skies and warm temperatures across the weekend with the mercury reaching 26C on Sunday – 7C above average. 

The Bureau of Meteorology’s Diana Eadie told Daily Mail Australia the peak will be on Saturday.

New South Wales will be the most significant state impacted as temperatures in Sydney and western parts of the city climb above 30C. Pictured: Coogee Beach in Sydney's east

New South Wales will be the most significant state impacted as temperatures in Sydney and western parts of the city climb above 30C. Pictured: Coogee Beach in Sydney's east

New South Wales will be the most significant state impacted as temperatures in Sydney and western parts of the city climb above 30C. Pictured: Coogee Beach in Sydney’s east

Weatherzone meteorologist Graham Brittain said the heat will subside after the public holiday and NSW will see another week of rain. Pictured: Beachgoers at Bondi

Weatherzone meteorologist Graham Brittain said the heat will subside after the public holiday and NSW will see another week of rain. Pictured: Beachgoers at Bondi

Weatherzone meteorologist Graham Brittain said the heat will subside after the public holiday and NSW will see another week of rain. Pictured: Beachgoers at Bondi

‘It’s pretty unusual, Melbourne will be 28C on Saturday and Sydney will be 30C on Saturday and 28C on Sunday,’ she explained.  

Central and southern parts of NSW are expected to be dry and regional parts of the state will see temperatures into the low 30s over the weekend. 

On the other side of the country, BoM predicts Western Australia will be 12C below average. 

Perth is expected to hit highs of just 20C, a stark contrast to last year’s 31C on the same day. 

FIVE DAY WEATHER FORECAST

SYDNEY 

THURSDAY: Min 14. Max 24. Possible shower. 

FIRDAY: Min 11. Max 24. Sunny. 

SATURDAY: Min 13. Max 26. Sunny.

SUNDAY: Min 15. Max 28. Sunny.

MONDAY: Min 16. Max 30. Cloudy.

BRISBANE  

THURSDAY: Min 15. max 28. Partly cloudy. 

FRIDAY: Min 15. Max 29. Sunny. 

SATURDAY: Min 17. Max 28. Partly cloudy. 

SUNDAY: Min 18. Max 27. Cloudy.

MONDAY: Min 18. Max 27. Cloudy.

ADELAIDE 

THURSDAY: Min 11. Max 21. Clouds clearing.

FRIDAY: Min 14. Max 29. Sunny. 

SATURDAY: Min 21. Max 28. Possible shower. 

SUNDAY: Min 13. Max 18. Rain.

MONDAY: Min 8. Max 17. Showers.  

HOBART   

THURSDAY: Min 8. Max 18. Possible shower.

FRIDAY: Min 11. Max 21. Possible shower. Windy.

SATURDAY: Min 13. Max 24. Showers.

SUNDAY: Min 9. Max 14. Rain.

MONDAY: Min 8. Max 15. Showers.

MELBOURNE   

THURSDAY: Min 11. Max 20. Partly cloudy.

FRIDAY: Min 12. Max 26. Sunny. 

SATURDAY: Min 17. Max 28. Cloudy.

SUNDAY: Min 15. Max 24. Rain.

MONDAY: Min 10. Max 15. Showers.

PERTH   

THURSDAY: Min 13. Max 22. Cloudy. 

FRIDAY: Min 13. Max 18. Shower or two.

SATURDAY: Min 6. Max 19. Partly cloudy.

SUNDAY: Min 8. Max 20. Cloudy.

MONDAY: Min 7. Max 22. Sunny.

CANBERRA  

THURSDAY: Min 9. Max 20. Partly cloudy.

FRIDAY: Min 4. Max 23. Sunny.

SATURDAY: Min 5. Max 24. Sunny. 

SUNDAY: Min 11. Max 24. Shower.

MONDAY: Min 8. Max 13. Shower.

DARWIN  

THURSDAY: Min 24. Max 35. Sunny.

FRIDAY: Min 25. Max 35. Sunny. 

SATURDAY: Min 25. Max 34. Sunny.

SUNDAY: Min 24. Max 34. Shower.

MONDAY: Min 24. Max 33. Storm.

 

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Surgery: Tool inspired by parasitic wasp’s egg-laying organ could operate on tumours and blood clots

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surgery tool inspired by parasitic wasps egg laying organ could operate on tumours and blood clots

An ultra-thin surgical tool designed with inspiration from the egg-laying organ of parasitic wasps could be used to help operate on tumours and blood clots.

Researchers from the Netherlands based their prototype on the ovipositor — a long needle-like tube that protrudes from the rear of some wasps.

The parasitic insects use their ovipositor to inject eggs into the bodies, eggs and boreholes of its hosts. The organ can also drill through wood and paralyse.

The surgical device, however, will be less gruesome — instead using the same segmented design to extract tissue samples during minimally invasive surgery.

An ultra-thin surgical tool, pictured, designed with inspiration from the egg-laying organ of parasitic wasps could be used to help operate on tumours and blood clots

An ultra-thin surgical tool, pictured, designed with inspiration from the egg-laying organ of parasitic wasps could be used to help operate on tumours and blood clots

An ultra-thin surgical tool, pictured, designed with inspiration from the egg-laying organ of parasitic wasps could be used to help operate on tumours and blood clots

Researchers from the Netherlands based their prototype on the ovipositor — a long needle-like tube that protrudes from the rear of some wasps, pictured. The parasitic insects use their ovipositor to inject eggs into the bodies, eggs and boreholes of its hosts

Researchers from the Netherlands based their prototype on the ovipositor — a long needle-like tube that protrudes from the rear of some wasps, pictured. The parasitic insects use their ovipositor to inject eggs into the bodies, eggs and boreholes of its hosts

Researchers from the Netherlands based their prototype on the ovipositor — a long needle-like tube that protrudes from the rear of some wasps, pictured. The parasitic insects use their ovipositor to inject eggs into the bodies, eggs and boreholes of its hosts

‘The wasp ovipositor is so thin it can’t actually fit any muscles within it,’ said paper author and biomechanical engineer Aimee Sakes of the Delft University of Technology, in the Netherlands.

‘So we knew it was a clever mechanical solution worth studying to see if we could recreate it,’ she explained.

The researchers have configured their prototype tool to transport and stabilise tissues and organs. 

It will reduce the trauma caused by surgery in comparison with existing techniques — speeding up patient healing times and improving the field of minimally invasive surgery, she explained.

Inside a parasitic wasp’s ovipositor is a series of tiny blades that join together with a tongue-and-groove mechanism.

They can slide independently of each other, moving eggs down through the ovipositor by friction — or, in the case of the surgical device, tissues up the tool.

‘The ovipositor-inspired transport system uses friction generated between the blades and the tissues to transport those tissues, in the same way the wasp ovipositor works to transport wasp eggs,’ Dr Sakes explained.

Using this bio-inspired approach may enable the researchers to surpass the current boundaries faced by suction-based surgical devices.

If made too small, suction devices start to become ineffective — meaning that there is a minimum limit on the amount of tissue damage the insertion of such tools causes during surgery.

Inside a parasitic wasp's ovipositor is a series of tiny blades that join together with a tongue-and-groove mechanism, as depicted

Inside a parasitic wasp's ovipositor is a series of tiny blades that join together with a tongue-and-groove mechanism, as depicted

Inside a parasitic wasp’s ovipositor is a series of tiny blades that join together with a tongue-and-groove mechanism, as depicted

The ovipositor's blades can slide independently of each other, moving eggs down through the ovipositor by friction — or, in the case of the surgical device, tissues up the tool, as pictured

The ovipositor's blades can slide independently of each other, moving eggs down through the ovipositor by friction — or, in the case of the surgical device, tissues up the tool, as pictured

The ovipositor’s blades can slide independently of each other, moving eggs down through the ovipositor by friction — or, in the case of the surgical device, tissues up the tool, as pictured

‘We already see challenges arise with current devices, as they often get clogged when removing things like blood clots,’ said Dr Sakes.

‘We also currently can’t reach remote locations in the human body or perform surgery in miniature structures, such as parts of the brain, due to the relatively large size of minimally invasive surgery instruments.’

‘However, our system could potentially enable the removal of tumorous tissues deep inside the human body through miniature incisions in future.’

Sometimes, diseases are inoperable. This happens in cancer when a tumour is located in a hard to reach place, or near a vital structure — such as the spinal cord.

Even when the surgeon can completely remove the original growth, parts may remain that are too small to be seen or removed.

The newly developed implement, however, may overcome this limitation.

At present, the main drawback of the prototype tool is the pace at which it transports tissues — which is substantially slower than suction-based alternatives.

Further work is still required before the system is ready for clinical use.

However, Dr Sakes said, ‘the research offers very promising potential for treating diseases currently not treatable and reachable with existing equipment, especially with a view to further reduction of patient trauma in minimally invasive surgery.’

The full findings of the study were published in the journal Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology

WHAT IS A PARASITOID?

Parasitoids are insects with parasitic larvae that eat their host – usually another insect – from the inside out.

They often employ a sharp tool known as an ovipositor to deposit eggs under the skin or exoskeleton of unsuspecting hosts.

After a short gestational period, the larvae hatch and begin consuming their host, normally reaching adulthood when the host has died.

Parasitoid species are mostly types of bee, wasp and ant, though some species of fly also employ the gruesome technique.

The biology of parasitoids has inspired several science fiction authors and scriptwriters to create parasitoidal aliens that kill human hosts, including the infamous Xenomorph in Ridley Scott’s 1979 film ‘Alien’.

Parasitoids are insects with parasitic larvae that eat their host - usually another inset - from the inside out. Pictured is a parasitic wasp that injects larvae into spiders and then sews the host into its nest to pin it down

Parasitoids are insects with parasitic larvae that eat their host - usually another inset - from the inside out. Pictured is a parasitic wasp that injects larvae into spiders and then sews the host into its nest to pin it down

Parasitoids are insects with parasitic larvae that eat their host – usually another inset – from the inside out. Pictured is a parasitic wasp that injects larvae into spiders and then sews the host into its nest to pin it down

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