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Coronavirus: Remdesivir has ‘little effect’ on death risks, says WHO

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coronavirus remdesivir has little effect on death risks says who

Remdesivir does not improve COVID-19 survival odds, a large World Health Organization (WHO) trial of it and three other treatments has ruled.

More than 11,200 hospitalized COVI-19 patients around the world were treated with remdesivir – an antiviral – lopinavir, hydroxychloroquine, interferon or a placebo for the WHO’s massive SOLIDARITY trial. 

None of the drugs ‘substantially affected’ mortality risks, the dismal report found. 

It’s a blow to hopes that the world is getting better at treating people sickened by the pandemic that has claimed the lives of more than a million people globally, including more than 217,000 in the US. 

SOLIDARITY’s findings are particularly grim news for the US, where remdesivir is one of just two treatments to have gotten emergency Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authorization. 

US government research suggested the drug improved survival odds and shortened recovery times.  

The federal government has already amassed a stockpile of the drug, and regulators revoked emergency approval for another drug found ineffective for treating coronavirus by the WHO trial, hydroxychloroquine, in June. 

This is a developing story.  

A massive WHO study found that remdesivir had no significant effect on COVID-19 death risks

A massive WHO study found that remdesivir had no significant effect on COVID-19 death risks

A massive WHO study found that remdesivir had no significant effect on COVID-19 death risks

This post first appeared on dailymail.co.uk

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Anna Wintour cuts a glum figure as she steps out after ‘splitting from partner Shelby Bryan’

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anna wintour cuts a glum figure as she steps out after splitting from partner shelby bryan

Anna Wintour cut a glum figure Thursday as she was pictured for the first time since news broke that she had split from her long term partner Shelby Bryan after 20 years together. 

The longtime Vogue editor, 70, was spotted clutching a stack of papers while walking through the streets of New York City. 

She hid her face behind her signature sunglasses but they didn’t conceal her downcast, unsmiling expression.  

Her outing came hours after it was first reported that Wintour and Bryan, 74, had parted ways.

The news marks the latest in a string of woes for the woman dubbed ‘Nuclear Wintour’ in recent months after her former friend released a scathing memoir and she was forced to admit to race-related ‘mistakes’ at Vogue.

Anna Wintour cut a glum figure Thursday as she was pictured for the first time since news broke that she had split with her partner Shelby Bryan after 20 years together

Anna Wintour cut a glum figure Thursday as she was pictured for the first time since news broke that she had split with her partner Shelby Bryan after 20 years together

Anna Wintour cut a glum figure Thursday as she was pictured for the first time since news broke that she had split with her partner Shelby Bryan after 20 years together

The longtime Vogue editor, 70, was spotted clutching a stack of papers out walking through the streets of New York City

The longtime Vogue editor, 70, was spotted clutching a stack of papers out walking through the streets of New York City

The longtime Vogue editor, 70, was spotted clutching a stack of papers out walking through the streets of New York City

Wintour was dressed in a long brown patterned dress, red boots and had a floral jacket slung over her arm. 

She was holding her phone, wallet, a tablet and some documents in her right hand.  

Page Six reported Wednesday that the relationship between the Vogue editor and Texas-born investor Bryan, 74, has been cooling since 2013 and the couple have only rarely been seen in public together since.

The powerful pair began dating back in 1999, with their romance causing a stir among New York’s elite because Bryan reportedly walked out on his wife to be with Wintour. 

At the time, the media maven had herself just divorced her psychiatrist husband David Shaffer, with whom she shares two children. 

But Wintour and Bryan have rarely been seen in public in recent years.  

She was dressed in a long patterned dress, red boots and her signature sunglasses as she appeared downcast and didn't smile

She was dressed in a long patterned dress, red boots and her signature sunglasses as she appeared downcast and didn't smile

She was dressed in a long patterned dress, red boots and her signature sunglasses as she appeared downcast and didn’t smile

Her outing came hours after it was first reported that Wintour and Bryan, 74, had parted ways

Her outing came hours after it was first reported that Wintour and Bryan, 74, had parted ways

 Her outing came hours after it was first reported that Wintour and Bryan, 74, had parted ways

Wintour hid her face behind her signature sunglasses and appeared downcast

Wintour hid her face behind her signature sunglasses and appeared downcast

Wintour hid her face behind her signature sunglasses and appeared downcast

The fashionista is known to have a wide circle of males friends, including the British actor Bill Nighy, who she has been regularly spotted with him at fashion shows and restaurant trips.

When Nighy was asked about the nature of their relationship in 2015, he replied, ‘I obviously have nothing to say about that. There are a lot of rumors about me and probably about Anna Wintour’.

The separation sets up the prospect of a multi-million dollar break up, with Wintour boasting an estimated net worth of $35million alongside her husband’s sizeable fortune. 

The couple split their time between a $11.4m townhouse in Manhattan’s trendy Greenwich Village and a sprawling holiday home in the Hamptons, which features a tennis court and stunning landscaped grounds leading down to the waterfront. 

Anna Wintour and her partner Shelby Bryan have split after 20 years together, according to a Wednesday report running in Page Six. The couple are pictured together in 2016

Anna Wintour and her partner Shelby Bryan have split after 20 years together, according to a Wednesday report running in Page Six. The couple are pictured together in 2016

Anna Wintour and her partner Shelby Bryan have split after 20 years together, according to a Wednesday report running in Page Six. The couple are pictured together in 2016 

Wintour and Bryan are pictured together in 2001

Wintour and Bryan are pictured together in 2001

Wintour and Bryan are pictured together in 2001

A representative for Wintour declined to comment on Page Six’s report of her break up. 

The site claims that there has been ‘chatter around town that Bryan had gone back to his ex-wife Katherine, whom he left for Wintour more than two decades ago’. 

However, an anonymous source stated that those rumors are untrue. 

‘Katherine and Shelby have kids together[and] are friends. That’s all,’ the insider alleged. 

Wintour and Bryan’s relationship is said to have run into trouble in 2013, when it was revealed that he owed $1.2 million in back taxes to the IRS. 

The pair were often pictured at social events and tennis matches in the years prior,  but have less frequently been spotted out in the time since. 

According to Page Six, their relationship ran into trouble in 2013 and the pair began to be seen in public less frequently. They are pictured during a rare appearance together at the 2018 US Open

According to Page Six, their relationship ran into trouble in 2013 and the pair began to be seen in public less frequently. They are pictured during a rare appearance together at the 2018 US Open

According to Page Six, their relationship ran into trouble in 2013 and the pair began to be seen in public less frequently. They are pictured during a rare appearance together at the 2018 US Open 

Anna Wintour's 19th century townhouse, in an exclusive block in Greenwich Village, New York, is estimated to be worth $11.4m, according to Zillow

Anna Wintour's 19th century townhouse, in an exclusive block in Greenwich Village, New York, is estimated to be worth $11.4m, according to Zillow

Anna Wintour’s 19th century townhouse, in an exclusive block in Greenwich Village, New York, is estimated to be worth $11.4m, according to Zillow 

Wintour is known to have a wide circle of males friends, including the British actor Bill Nighy, who she has been regularly spotted with him at fashion shows and restaurant trips. They are pictured together in Paris in January

Wintour is known to have a wide circle of males friends, including the British actor Bill Nighy, who she has been regularly spotted with him at fashion shows and restaurant trips. They are pictured together in Paris in January

Wintour is known to have a wide circle of males friends, including the British actor Bill Nighy, who she has been regularly spotted with him at fashion shows and restaurant trips. They are pictured together in Paris in January

Wintour and Bryan have largely kept their relationship private, but a 2007 Observer article gave a glimpse. 

The US Vogue editor – who took the helm of the fashion bible back in 1988 – is famous for her icy persona. However, a source told the Observer that Bryan had ‘softened’ her. 

‘She smiles now and has been seen to laugh,’ a source told that publication.  

Wintour and Bryan do not have children together. 

Wintour is a mother to son, Charles, 35, and daughter, Bea, 33, from her marriage to David Shaffer. They were married from 1984 until 1999. 

Wintour was previously married to David Shaffer from 1984 until 1999. They are pictured together in 1989

Wintour was previously married to David Shaffer from 1984 until 1999. They are pictured together in 1989

Wintour was previously married to David Shaffer from 1984 until 1999. They are pictured together in 1989 

Wintour does not have children with Bryan. She shares two children from her former marriage to Shaffer, including daughter Bea. They are pictured together last year

Wintour does not have children with Bryan. She shares two children from her former marriage to Shaffer, including daughter Bea. They are pictured together last year

Wintour does not have children with Bryan. She shares two children from her former marriage to Shaffer, including daughter Bea. They are pictured together last year 

Wednesday’s news of their separation comes amid a torrid year for the magazine titan.  

In May, Wintour’s former confidante, André Leon Talley, painted a scathing portrait of her in his memoir, The Chiffon Trenches back in May. 

Talley, who worked at Vogue for more than two decades and eventually became the magazine’s editor-at-large, slammed Wintour in his memoir, The Chiffon Trenches. 

In one book passage, Talley described being frozen out by Wintour because he was ‘too old, too overweight, too uncool’ for her.  

He went on to claim that there were an ‘endless’ list of writers, stylists and models who she has cast onto a ‘frayed and tattered heap during her powerful rule’.

In another scorching paragraph he wrote:  ‘She is immune to anyone other than the powerful and famous people who populate the pages of Vogue.

‘She has mercilessly made her best friends people who are the highest in their chosen fields.

‘Serena Williams, Roger Federer, Mr. and Mrs. George Clooney are, to her, friends. I am no longer of value to her’. 

Wintour has already endured a difficult year, with her fractious relationship with her former colleague and confidante André Leon Talley hitting headlines in May. Pictured: The former friends at the Met gala in 1999

Wintour has already endured a difficult year, with her fractious relationship with her former colleague and confidante André Leon Talley hitting headlines in May. Pictured: The former friends at the Met gala in 1999

Wintour has already endured a difficult year, with her fractious relationship with her former colleague and confidante André Leon Talley hitting headlines in May. Pictured: The former friends at the Met gala in 1999

The following month, Vogue’s publisher Condé Nast was rocked by allegations of widespread racism.  

As well as being editor of Vogue, Wintour also serves as the publisher’s artistic director. 

The claims prompted Wintour to issue a rare mea culpa, in which she apologized for race-related ‘mistakes’. 

In an internal memo to staff at Condé, Wintour admitted to letting ‘hurtful and intolerant behavior’ go unchecked during her 32-year reign at the fashion magazine, as well as not doing enough to champion black staffers and designers.  

‘I want to say plainly that I know Vogue has not found enough ways to elevate and give space to Black editors, writers, photographers, designers and other creators ,’ Wintour wrote. 

 ‘We have made mistakes too, publishing images or stories that have been hurtful or intolerant. I take full responsibility for those mistakes.’ 

In June, the influential editor made a rare mea culpa amid accusations of racism at Vogue's publisher Condé Nast

In June, the influential editor made a rare mea culpa amid accusations of racism at Vogue's publisher Condé Nast

In June, the influential editor made a rare mea culpa amid accusations of racism at Vogue’s publisher Condé Nast 

The note was sent out to staffers three days before Adam Rapoport, the editor-in-chief of another Condé Nast publication, Bon Appetit, resigned from his post after a photo surfaced of him in brownface, exacerbating a race-based controversy regarding pay equity in the outlet’s video department. 

Many believed Wintour may finally step down from her role as editor-in-chief of Vogue, but the company strongly expressed its support for their most famous employee. 

However, her memo still appeared to indicate changing power dynamics and a possible loss of influence for an editor who was once deemed untouchable. 

Wintour and Bryan are pictured in 2007. Her horror year appears to indicate changing power dynamics and a possible loss of influence for an editor who was once deemed untouchable

Wintour and Bryan are pictured in 2007. Her horror year appears to indicate changing power dynamics and a possible loss of influence for an editor who was once deemed untouchable

Wintour and Bryan are pictured in 2007. Her horror year appears to indicate changing power dynamics and a possible loss of influence for an editor who was once deemed untouchable

This post first appeared on dailymail.co.uk

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People in Tier Two and Three towns quizzed on local lockdown rules

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people in tier two and three towns quizzed on local lockdown rules

Throughout the pandemic the nation has been forced to grapple with a blizzard of restrictions that are being constantly added, removed and tweaked.

Boris Johnson‘s latest strategy to suppress the virus has carved up England into three alert level tiers which forces millions to obey differing rules.

The wide-ranging measures, which divide loved-ones, have left many struggling to get to grips with their local curbs and toe the line between law and guidance. 

For months ministers have been dogged by accusations of mixed messaging, particularly when telling people to Eat Out to Help Out before appearing to blame the public for becoming too relaxed.    

MailOnline today lays bare the confusion with the results of a Covid-19 questionnaire – where not one person correctly mastered the rules they are supposed to follow. 

People surveyed in the Tier 2 cities of London and Birmingham produced wildly varying answers, as did those quizzed in Liverpool’s Tier 3. 

It comes as a study reveals just 13 per cent of people feel they ‘fully understand’ the current set of restrictions.

Scroll down to hear from people on the streets of lockdown Britain – and how they see the rules.

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34716536 8868665 image a 12 1603400463458

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34717218 8868665 image a 9 1603408124695

Tier 2: London and Birmingham

England’s capital and second city are both living under Tier 2 restrictions in the ‘high’ alert level. 

Under Tier 2 different households are not allowed to mix indoors but can meet outside.

Tier 2 also encases the nationwide restrictions such as the Rule of Six and the 10pm curfew.

MailOnline quizzed residents in London’s Clapham borough and Birmingham on the restrictions.

What are the rules on going to the pub? 

Correct answer:  You can only meet people from other households outside at a pub such as in a beer garden. You can’t meet them indoors.

What the public thought: 

Stacey Prince, 34, from Clapham, became muddled and answered: ‘Yeah I can go and meet them in the pub but I can’t have them in my house,’ when actually she cannot meet friends from a different household in the pub either.

Bob Morton, 70, a retired security guard from Birmingham, said you can meet friends in the pub: 'I think it's four or six'

Bob Morton, 70, a retired security guard from Birmingham, said you can meet friends in the pub: 'I think it's four or six'

Bob Morton, 70, a retired security guard from Birmingham, said you can meet friends in the pub: ‘I think it’s four or six’

Matthew Dineen, 26, from London, correctly responded: ‘You can’t meet anyone you don’t live with inside.’ The social media editor added: ‘And then if you want to meet them outside, I think that’s fine.’

Samantha Westsland, 36, unemployed from Stirchley, Birmingham, agreed and said: ‘You can’t meet people inside otherwise you get fined for meeting people from different households.’ 

Referencing the 10pm curfew but failing to acknowledge the restrictions on different households mixing indoors, Paul Hand, 38, open university student from Longbridge, Birmingham, said: ‘You have to be out of the city centre by 10pm, but I don’t really go out to the pub.’   

Bob Morton, 70, a retired security guard, said: ‘Yeah, you can meet people at the pub, I think it’s four or six. 

‘You have to phone the pub and space out, quite sensible. You can only meet four.’

What are the rules on viewing a house? 

Correct answer: You can still view a house for sale or rent with an estate agent.  

What the public thought: 

While the pandemic originally brought the housing market to a virtual standstill, Government incentives such as a Stamp Duty holiday has spurred activity.

But many people became unstuck on the Tier 2 rules on viewing a house.

Quizzed on the rules for holidaying outside Tier 2, John Fogarty, 25, a maths teacher from Birmingham city centre, said: 'Man I don't know'

Quizzed on the rules for holidaying outside Tier 2, John Fogarty, 25, a maths teacher from Birmingham city centre, said: 'Man I don't know'

Quizzed on the rules for holidaying outside Tier 2, John Fogarty, 25, a maths teacher from Birmingham city centre, said: ‘Man I don’t know’

Student Mr Hand said: ‘I haven’t got a clue about that. I’m sure you can still do it in person.’

Similarly stumped, Ms Westland responded: ‘I have no idea about that.’ 

And James Metcalfe, 21, a cable puller from Hartlepool, working in Birmingham, agreed: ‘I don’t know. I would’ve thought you have to view it online. I honestly don’t know.’

Whereas Mr Morton incorrectly replied: ‘You’re not allowed to view a house.’

Jean Macintyre, 72, Jewellery Quarter, former charity CEO, with two children and four grandchildren correctly responded: ‘I imagine it’s exempt because the industry has got to carry on.’

John Fogarty, 25, a maths teacher from Birmingham city centre, also got it right and said: ‘I think you are allowed. I viewed mine during the last lockdown. I had a mask on, the estate agent had gloves.’

Can you invite your friends and family into your home?

Correct answer: No, unless they are in your support bubble.

What the public thought? 

Kamajeet Kapur, 35, from London, said: who owns a letting agency, told us: ‘It is still six, if you meet outdoors, but indoors you are not allowed to meet your friends, yes. So one household indoors.’

Londoner Sean O'Riordan, 29, who owns a coffee stall, correctly stated you can't mix indoors with other households in Tier 2

Londoner Sean O'Riordan, 29, who owns a coffee stall, correctly stated you can't mix indoors with other households in Tier 2

Londoner Sean O’Riordan, 29, who owns a coffee stall, correctly stated you can’t mix indoors with other households in Tier 2

Fellow Londoner Sean O’Riordan, 29, who owns a coffee stall, agreed: ‘In London indoors at the moment you can’t as far as I know.’   

Birmingham’s Ms Westland, Mr Meltcalfe, Mr Fogarty and Ms Macintyre all answered: ‘No’. 

Some people were confused by the support bubble exemption, which allows people living alone to join with another household. 

Mr Morton responded: ‘You can’t have friends and only certain family members like brothers and sisters.’ 

Martin Smithers, 53, who works as a mover, took a pop at politicians when he answered.

He said: ‘Not half of these MPs they’ve gone and done it against the rules in the first place.’   

What are the rules on funerals and weddings?

Correct answer: Up to 15 people at weddings, up to 30 people at funerals. Wedding receptions and wakes still permitted with up to 15 people. 

What the public thought: 

Matt French, 23, a product manager, said: ‘I’m not really sure on that one. Yes I’m not sure about that one. Mr Hand also said: ‘I’m not sure.’

Mr Dinneen replied: ‘I think you’re allowed 25 guests at your wedding. But again I haven’t a clue.’

But Ms Prince thought the number was as high as 30, quickly adding she would not go due to the risk of catching the virus. 

Paul Hand, 38, an Open University student from Birmingham became confused with the rules on mixing in gardens in Tier 2, which thought was banned

Paul Hand, 38, an Open University student from Birmingham became confused with the rules on mixing in gardens in Tier 2, which thought was banned

Paul Hand, 38, an Open University student from Birmingham became confused with the rules on mixing in gardens in Tier 2, which thought was banned

Ms Westland said: ‘I think weddings are maybe a no-no, but I think it’s 30 for funerals. It was 30 at one point… I think it’s six for weddings. 

Mr Morton also became muddled with his numbers and said: ‘I think it’s about 10 for both.’

Likewise, Mr Fogarty said: ‘It used to be you were allowed to gather at them, but that got a bit morbid. Maybe a small number of people are allowed. I guess it is still six.’ 

Ms Macintyre got her numbers the wrong way around and said: ‘It is 15 for one and 30 for the other. I think 15 for a funeral, but no reception or gathering afterwards.’

Mr Metcalfe said: ‘Under 30 for a funeral. I don’t know about weddings. I think 30 or under.’

What are the rules on going on holiday outside a Tier 2 area?

Correct answer: You can go on holiday outside a Tier 2 area, but only to a Tier 1 or 2 area and only with your own household. 

What the public thought? 

Margaret Olupadio, 65, a Tube worker, simply said: ‘You’ve got to do the quarantine here, quarantine there, and come back and quarantine again.’

Mover Mr Smithers said: ‘I haven’t got a clue. I should imagine Tier 3 probably not, Tier one yes.’

Whereas Mr Dinneen said: ‘I think you’re okay.’

But the rules on this complicated. The answer is no, if you live in a Tier 2 area you also cannot meet indoors with people from outside of the area. 

Mastering the rule, Ms Macintyre said: ‘You have to take Tier 2 rules with you even in Tier 1, the rule of six and only your own household.’ 

Asked if you can view a house in Tier 2, James Metcalfe, 21, a cable puller from Hartlepool, working in Birmingham, said: 'I don't know. I would've thought you have to view it online'

Asked if you can view a house in Tier 2, James Metcalfe, 21, a cable puller from Hartlepool, working in Birmingham, said: 'I don't know. I would've thought you have to view it online'

Asked if you can view a house in Tier 2, James Metcalfe, 21, a cable puller from Hartlepool, working in Birmingham, said: ‘I don’t know. I would’ve thought you have to view it online’

You can still go on holiday outside of high alert level areas, but you must only do this with people in your household or support bubble.

Mr Hand said: ‘They are very strict. You can still go down to a lower level, but because we’re high level I don’t think you can go to Cornwall.’

Ms Westland was unsure on the answer, but correctly observed: ‘I know you can only go in your household.’

Mr Morton said: ‘I don’t think you can go out of Birmingham to Cornwall (Tier 1), or Manchester (Tier 3). I don’t think anyone would want to go to Manchester at the moment.’  

His remarks were echoed by Mr Metcalfe: ‘I wouldn’t know mate. I think you can go to Cornwall with who lives in your household. 

‘You can go to Manchester but I wouldn’t recommend it. Avoid Manchester at all costs.’

Stumped, Mr Fogarty said: ‘Man, I don’t know. I hope so because I wanted to go home to Essex at half term. They’re Tier 2 as well, so I don’t know.’   

How many people from other households can you meet in your garden?

Correct answer: You can have a total of up to six people from multiple households in a private garden. 

What the public thought: 

Nikki, 52, from London, replied: ‘I don’t have a garden, but I would. Yes.’ But Mr French added: ‘It’s a bit of a weird one, because technically you would have to go through your house or I guess you could kind of climb over the fence I guess.’

People may continue to see friends and family they do not live with (or have not formed a support bubble with) outside, including in a garden or other outdoor space.

The act of going through the house to get to the garden also left others stumbling over the rules.

Mr Hand said: ‘You can’t do that because there’s no mixing of households, not even in the garden. You’ve got to go through the house to get to the garden.’ 

Jean Macintyre, 72, former charity CEO from Birmingham, thought there was a limit of two households mixing outdoors in Tier 2. Actually there can be multiple households up to six people

Jean Macintyre, 72, former charity CEO from Birmingham, thought there was a limit of two households mixing outdoors in Tier 2. Actually there can be multiple households up to six people

Jean Macintyre, 72, former charity CEO from Birmingham, thought there was a limit of two households mixing outdoors in Tier 2. Actually there can be multiple households up to six people

Mr Fogarty added: ‘I guess that counts as the house, I don’t think that’s allowed. Maybe if you have someone to mow your lawn. That’s probably fine. But I don’t think you should be hanging out.’ 

Answering correctly, Ms Westland said: ‘I think it’s rule of six in the garden with different households.’

Mr Morton said: ‘I think it is six, but I just meet my partner. I only know the rules vaguely.’

Ms Macintyre said: ‘The rule of six applies everywhere and doesn’t have to just be your household. I think there’s a limit of two hosueholds.’

Told the answer, she reacted: ‘Good god, so everyone could be from different households. That seems a bit ludicrous.’

Mr Metcalfe was not completely sure, but figured out the answer: ‘Just people in your household isn’t it? I don’t know if you can have friends over, maybe five of your mates if you keep two metres apart.’    

What are the rules on using public transport?

Correct answer: The Government says you may continue to travel to venues or amenities which are open, for work, voluntary, charitable or youth services, or to access education, but you should ‘aim to reduce the number of journeys you make where possible’. Face coverings are mandatory unless you are exempt for medical reasons.

What the public thought: 

Virtually everyone quizzed was aware of the mandatory wearing of face coverings.

Theresa Prince, from Clapham, said: ‘You must wear a mask at all times and sanitise your hands.’

Samantha Westsland, 36, unemployed from Stirchley, Birmingham

Samantha Westsland, 36, unemployed from Stirchley, Birmingham

Samantha Westsland, 36, unemployed from Stirchley, Birmingham 

Stacey Prince added: ‘You have to wear a mask and all of that, but again I’m medically exempt but I get questioned over that.’

But Nikki claimed: ‘There are rules but you get all that and of course it doesn’t work. It doesn’t work.’  

Would you call the police on your neighbour if you saw them breaking the rules?

No correct answer. Matt Hancock has said he would report a rule-breaker to the police but Boris Johnson said he did not want to create a nation of snoopers. 

What the public thought: 

Mr Dinneen said: ‘I wouldn’t because I don’t know the circumstances.’ Mr O’Riordan agreed: ‘No. I wouldn’t no.’

But Ms Kapur replied: ‘If they don’t listen then yes, I guess we all have to help out.’

And Mr Smithers commented: ‘Depending how many people he’s got there and how much noise they’re making, yes.’

Yet most people were reluctant. Mr Hand said: ‘No way, I wouldn’t.’ Ms Westland agreed: ‘No, it’s their business.’

Mr Morton said: ‘If they were having a house party and I wasn’t invited. I hope my neighbours would be more sensible at this time.’

Ms Macintyre said: ‘No. if it was a rave with 50 people yes. If my neighbour had their friend round for a cup of coffee, no. Where I live is not a hotspot. If you follow the normal rules like sitting apart it’d be fine.’

Mr Metcalfe added: ‘I would probably go next door if they were having a party. If you want honesty.’

Told that students have been fined £40,000, James said: ‘I hope it was a good party. I wouldn’t have said fine them. It isn’t going to help them out.’

And Mr Fogarty said: ‘I wouldn’t. I don’t know exactly how it should be enforced.’ 

Tier 3 – Liverpool

Liverpool was the first region plunged into the harshest lockdown of Tier 3 last week.

It has one of the highest coronavirus rates in the country and has seen wet-led pubs, betting halls and casinos forced to close. 

MailOnline quizzed the residents in the North West over their new restrictions. 

What are the rules about going to the pub?

Correct answer: Pubs in Tier 3 are forced to shut unless they serve substantial meals. In these circumstances, you can only go with members of your own household. 

What the public thought: 

Paul Hudmsith, 47, airline crew, became muddled with the new restrictions when he claimed 'you can mix with other households in parks', when this is actually banned

Paul Hudmsith, 47, airline crew, became muddled with the new restrictions when he claimed 'you can mix with other households in parks', when this is actually banned

Paul Hudmsith, 47, airline crew, became muddled with the new restrictions when he claimed ‘you can mix with other households in parks’, when this is actually banned

Peter Shaw, 65, who is retired, said that you have to stay far apart and wear a mask, which you can take off for eating.

But under Tier 3 rules you can only be in the pub in the first place if it is operating as a restaurant and serving food.

Joe, a 33-year-old radiographer acknowledged this and correctly stated you can go to the pub if you have a meal.

Paul Hudmsith, 47, airline crew, also perfectly recited the rules: ‘Not mixing with any other household, you can go to the pub that serves a substantial meal.’

Yet Stuart, 33, believes you cannot go to the pub at all, as does retired 62-year-old Elizabeth Coffey who said: ‘You can’t go to the pub, they’re shut.’ 

Tier 3 also envelopes the nationwide restrictions which includes the Rule of Six and the 10pm curfew.

What are the rules on funerals and weddings?

Correct answer: Weddings can take place with up to 15 people, as can funerals with up to 30 people.

What the public thought: 

Ms Coffey and her friend Carole O’Leary, 75, expressed sympathy with couples wanting to get married, but implied they would be the only ones able to attend the wedding, when actually up to 15 can go. 

Elizabeth Coffey laughed as she confessed to having 'no idea' what the rules were regarding holidays

Elizabeth Coffey laughed as she confessed to having 'no idea' what the rules were regarding holidays

Elizabeth Coffey laughed as she confessed to having ‘no idea’ what the rules were regarding holidays

Mr Hudsmith was nearly right, stating: ‘Weddings are limited to 15 guests and funerals a little more than that.’

Stuart said ‘you can but in small numbers only’, while civil servant Craig Fitzpatrick, 63, was not confident but guessed the ceremonies were limited to the Rule of Six.  

Can you meet people from other households in your garden?

Correct answer: You must not meet socially with friends and family indoors in any setting unless they are part of your household or support bubble.

What the public thought: 

Mr Shaw correctly observed that he is only allowed to be indoors with his households, and said his son is not visiting.

Mr Hudsmith became muddled with the new restrictions when he claimed ‘you can mix with other households in parks’, when this is actually banned.

Also getting confused was Joe who hesitantly said: ‘I would say yes. But I don’t know.’    

Can you go on holiday outside of Tier 3?

Correct answer: You should not travel into or out of an area if it has been categorised as a very high alert level area.

What the public thought: 

Ms Coffey laughed as she confessed to having ‘no idea’ what the rules were regarding holidays.

Joe, a 33-year-old radiographer, when answering if he can meet friends socially, said: 'I would say yes. But I don't know'

Joe, a 33-year-old radiographer, when answering if he can meet friends socially, said: 'I would say yes. But I don't know'

Joe, a 33-year-old radiographer, when answering if he can meet friends socially, said: ‘I would say yes. But I don’t know’

Everyone else said that you can go on holiday outside of Tier 3. 

What are the rules on moving house?

Correct answer: You can still move home if you’re in a very high alert level area and viewings are allowed.  

What the public thought: 

There was much confusion with this question, with Mr Shaw openly admitting: ‘I’m not sure about that.’

While another person, who did not want to be named, was rendered equally as baffled, before going on to state that Liverpool was in Tier 1. 

Mr Hudsmith tentatively responded: ‘I’m guessing you could move house if it was just your family.’ Stuart correctly said ‘as far as I know you can.’  

This post first appeared on dailymail.co.uk

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Analysing SEWAGE for traces of coronavirus is helping UK officials track virus’ spread

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analysing sewage for traces of coronavirus is helping uk officials track virus spread

Sifting through sewage for traces of coronavirus could help officials spot spikes in areas where few people are being tested, a Government pilot suggests.

The Department for Environment, Fishing and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) launched a programme at 90 sites across the UK in June to test whether wastewater can help trace the spread of the infection. 

Officials said the system has been successfully detecting fragments of the virus in waste water in the South West of England.

The data is being shared with the Joint Biosecurity Centre as part of NHS Test and Trace, to give an early warning about mounting infections in certain areas. 

People often do not suffer symptoms of the virus for days on end – some never do – and test results take days to come back.

This means it can take weeks before local authorities build enough data to clock on to surges in infections. The new system aims to speed up this process and curb outbreaks in their earliest stages. 

Research has shown that tiny fragments of the virus are shed by infected people in their faeces and urine.  

DEFRA said it had succeeded in detecting fragments of the virus in waste water in the South West of England. It is testing at 90 sites (file photo)

DEFRA said it had succeeded in detecting fragments of the virus in waste water in the South West of England. It is testing at 90 sites (file photo)

DEFRA said it had succeeded in detecting fragments of the virus in waste water in the South West of England. It is testing at 90 sites (file photo)

HOW DOES ANALYSING SEWAGE HELP PREDICT COVID-19 HOTSPOTS? 

Testing that analyses sewage can act as an early warning system for surging coronavirus outbreaks in a local area.

It takes more than 24 hours after infection for someone to develop symptoms, and many infections are also asymptomatic. 

Additional delays in testing mean many do not get a diagnosis with the virus until a few days after infections develop.

But when they use the toilet they will still end up putting the virus into waste water.

Testing this for the virus leapfrogs the time taken to develop symptoms, get a test and get results, indicating much faster whether there is a spiralling outbreak in an area.

The UK Government launched the scheme in June at 90 sites, and it has managed to detect parts of the virus in the South West of England. 

It is also testing in 24 sites in Wales and 28 in Scotland. 

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Monitoring the virus through sewage is known as wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE), and is already known to provide vital clues about the population’s health. 

The virus doesn’t readily spread through waste water systems so scientists cannot catch it from samples. 

DEFRA said the project had already worked successfully in an area of the South West of England, where sewage sampling showed a spike in coronavirus material despite relatively few people getting tested.

The information was passed on to NHS Test and Trace and the local council who were able to alert local health professionals to the increased risk and contact people in the area to warn of the rise in cases.

There are currently 44 sites in England where sampling is being done, covering 22 per cent of the population, with plans to roll it out further.

There are also 24 sites in Wales and 28 in Scotland where sampling is being done, with the projects being led by the devolved administrations and the UK Government coordinating the findings.

Environment Secretary George Eustice said: ‘This is a significant step forward in giving us a clearer idea of infection rates both nationally and locally, particularly in areas where there may be large numbers of people who aren’t showing any symptoms and therefore aren’t seeking tests.

‘NHS Test and Trace is able to use the science to ensure local health leads are alerted and can take action.’

Health Secretary Matt Hancock said: ‘This initiative is just one example of how we are working across government and with local partners to find innovative, new ways to track the outbreak, slow the spread of the virus and save lives.

‘Monitoring and sampling wastewater offers another tool to help us identify outbreaks early on – helping NHS Test and Trace and local authorities target hotspots quickly and effectively.’

Separate work carried out by the National Institute for Biological Standards and Control (NIBSC) also identified coronavirus material in London sewage in February before cases were recorded in the area.

High levels of virus material were detected in March and April, followed by a considerable decrease in May and June, reflecting how the national lockdown curbed virus transmission.

Detecting the virus in waste water could provide an early warning of outbreaks, allowing local authorities to clamp down quickly to curb surging infections

Detecting the virus in waste water could provide an early warning of outbreaks, allowing local authorities to clamp down quickly to curb surging infections

Detecting the virus in waste water could provide an early warning of outbreaks, allowing local authorities to clamp down quickly to curb surging infections 

This post first appeared on dailymail.co.uk

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