Connect with us

Main News

If you thought his books were hard work, just try being Mrs Joyce! 

Published

on

if you thought his books were hard work just try being mrs joyce

BIOGRAPHY

JAMES AND NORA   

by Edna O’Brien (Weidenfeld £6.99, 80 pp)

This delectable miniature, elegantly reissued, is a perfect match of author and subject.

It’s one lushly literary Irish writer on another, and the result is an enthralling sort of prose poem about lust, jealousy, obsession and exile.

Edna O’Brien lets her febrile imagination and her uninhibited vocabulary loose on the frenzied, erotic, chaotic love affair between James Joyce and Nora Barnacle.

Nora was the simple Galway girl (she didn’t like reading, and she copied out standard love letters from books of etiquette) with whom Joyce fell in love when their eyes met on a Dublin Street in 1904.

Edna O¿Brien explores the love affair between James Joyce and Nora Barnacle in a fascinating tome. Pictured: James Joyce and Nora Barnacle in 1930

Edna O¿Brien explores the love affair between James Joyce and Nora Barnacle in a fascinating tome. Pictured: James Joyce and Nora Barnacle in 1930

Edna O’Brien explores the love affair between James Joyce and Nora Barnacle in a fascinating tome. Pictured: James Joyce and Nora Barnacle in 1930

‘In this jaunty, fairly illiterate girl,’ writes O’Brien, ‘whose plumpness might have appealed to Rubens, Joyce was to seek and find the earth mother, dark, formless, made beautiful in moonlight.’ She was to be the inspiration for Molly Bloom in Ulysses.

The only time in their 37-year relationship when Nora had things her way was the day after that first locking of eyes. They’d arranged to meet outside 1 Merrion Square, and Nora didn’t bother to turn up. This seemed to ignite Joyce’s obsession. From that moment, he was profoundly jealous of her past.

He ‘desired to possess her wholly’ — but refused to tell her he loved her. He was later to write that, even when he heard the word ‘love’, he ‘felt like puking’.

Joyce comes across as a basket-case, actually, full of hatreds and far from attractive. His chief hatred was of his mother, after a miserable childhood of being chased by bailiffs from house to house, each ringing with his parents’ vicious rows ‘fired by hangovers, their repartee quick, unaffectionate and bitter’.

His other main hatred was of Dublin — from which he and Nora soon eloped, Joyce terrified that he might succumb to the ‘national disease’ of Ireland, which was (as O’Brien puts it) ‘provincialness, wind-and-p*** philosophising, crookedness, vacuity and verbal spouting’.

Not that he much liked some of the places they eloped to — for example Rome, which he associated with ‘death, corpses and assassination’. What a bundle of joy!

Inevitably, as soon as he was exiled from Dublin he became homesick for it, poring over street maps of the place and immortalising it in his fiction. Nora’s homesickness was also acute. O’Brien depicts ‘this young girl, in a short brown dress, with thick coils of hair, living with a man whose body she could entice but whose mind she could not comprehend.’ What Nora longed for in those far-away places (Zurich, Trieste, Rome) was ‘to see and hear a kettle boiling on a hob’.

Edna gives a depiction of how life was for Nora as James (pictured) worked on his two great novels, with Ulysses taking him 20,000 hours of work

Edna gives a depiction of how life was for Nora as James (pictured) worked on his two great novels, with Ulysses taking him 20,000 hours of work

Edna gives a depiction of how life was for Nora as James (pictured) worked on his two great novels, with Ulysses taking him 20,000 hours of work 

The couple’s level of pennilessness is astonishing. In Rome they were literally searching for different lodgings every night, Nora sitting alone in a cafe or cinema waiting for Joyce to arrive with money from a private tutoring lesson.

They slept head-to-toe in garrets to try to avoid the arrival of future Joyces — but it didn’t work. After Georgio, they had Lucia, born in the pauper’s ward of the hospital in Trieste, while Joyce lay ill with rheumatic fever in another ward.

The sexual chemistry between Joyce and Nora is legendary. I remember gaining an advanced-level sex education from reading Joyce’s steamy letters to Nora in the library of Girton College, under the pretence of ‘research’ for an essay on Ulysses. Those letters, ‘frank, rabid, and founded on lust’, as O’Brien puts it, were mainly written when Joyce briefly returned to Dublin to pursue his hare-brained scheme of opening a cinema there.

Joyce was constantly jealous that Nora would go back to Galway — he could imagine her ‘sauntering into Mass and giving some other boy one of her long glances’.

JAMES AND NORA by Edna O¿Brien (Weidenfeld £6.99, 80 pp)

JAMES AND NORA by Edna O¿Brien (Weidenfeld £6.99, 80 pp)

JAMES AND NORA by Edna O’Brien (Weidenfeld £6.99, 80 pp)

O’Brien’s depiction of what it was like for Nora to live with Joyce while he was writing his two great novels is darkly hilarious. Ulysses took him seven years: 20,000 hours of work, ‘causing havoc to body and brain, nerves, perspiration, and unreasonable agitation at the slightest sound’.

She lists the staggering number of eye complaints he was suffering from by the time he’d finished: ‘glaucoma, iritis, cataracts, nebula in the pupil, conjunctivitis, dissolution of the retina, blood accumulation, abscesses, and one-tenth normal vision’.

Not giving Nora’s jealousy a second thought, he embarked on several ‘botched flings’ in Rome with local girls, exacerbating Nora’s misery.

They were married unceremoniously in a registry office 23 years into their relationship, just so their children could inherit his estate.

So badly planned was their entire existence that when Nora died in 1951, ten years after Joyce, there was no room for her body to go next to his in the Fluntern Cemetery in Zurich.

‘The blunder that attended their elopement, the birth of their children and all their wanderings had not forsaken them in death.’

Powered by: Daily Mail

Main News

Police set up tent in garden of Steven Clark’s parents after pair were arrested

Published

on

By

police set up tent in garden of steven clarks parents after pair were arrested

Police have set up a tent in the back garden of Steven Clark’s elderly parents’ home after the pair were arrested over their missing son’s murder. 

Steven Clark went to visit the toilet while on a family walk near Saltburn Pier in Cleveland in December 1992 but was never seen again.

His parents Doris and Charles, who live in Marske-by-the-Sea, Cleveland, this week confirmed they had been arrested on suspicion of his murder, with his mother describing the situation as ‘absolutely ludicrous’.

Police made the arrests following a cold case review and specialist officers began their investigations in the back garden of the couple’s home on Friday. 

This morning five police cars and vans, a crime scene investigation vehicle and an incident command unit could be seen parked outside the semi-detached house.

A cordon was place across a public footpath that runs down the side of the house on Coast Road in the town. And a police tent could seen in the rear garden.  

A police tent was erected in the back garden of Steven Clark's parents' home as officers continue to investigate his suspected murder

A police tent was erected in the back garden of Steven Clark’s parents’ home as officers continue to investigate his suspected murder

Police believe believe that Steven has come to serious harm and a murder inquiry has been launched. His parents - Doris, 81, and Charles Clark, 78 - were arrested on suspicion of murder

Police believe believe that Steven has come to serious harm and a murder inquiry has been launched. His parents – Doris, 81, and Charles Clark, 78 – were arrested on suspicion of murder

Detectives from the Cleveland and North Yorkshire Cold Case Unit reopened Steven’s case after conducting an investigation into the circumstances of his disappearance. 

They believe that Steven has come to serious harm and a murder inquiry has been launched.

Steven’s elderly parents – Doris, 81, and Charles Clark, 78 – have confirmed they were arrested on suspicion of murder.

Mrs Clark said: ‘It’s just absolutely ludicrous. There’s nothing more to say, it’s surreal.’

Steven vanished mysteriously on December 28, 1992 in Saltburn. The 23-year-old was said to have gone into a public toilet while his mother went into the ladies.

He was not seen coming out of the gents and did not return home. The missing persons report said that Steven was last seen at 3pm on Monday December 28, 1992.

Detectives from the Cleveland and North Yorkshire Cold Case Unit reopened Steven's case after conducting an investigation into the circumstances of his disappearance

Detectives from the Cleveland and North Yorkshire Cold Case Unit reopened Steven’s case after conducting an investigation into the circumstances of his disappearance

A police tent was erected in the back garden of Steven Clark's parents' home as officers continue to investigate his suspected murder

A police tent was erected in the back garden of Steven Clark’s parents’ home as officers continue to investigate his suspected murder

Land searches have been carried out in a bid to find the young man’s body. And detectives have made an appeal to the author of a letter relating to his disappearance.

That September 24, the anonymous handwritten letter was posted to Guisborough Police Station. Details of what was contained in the letter have not been revealed by those heading the investigation.

However Detective Chief Inspector Shaun Page is appealing for the letter writer to call Crimestoppers anonymously or the investigation team directly and give them any additional information that they may have.

He said: ‘For operational reasons I can’t divulge the contents or topic of the letter, but it was sent through the post and addressed to the incident room at Guisborough Police Station.

‘The person who sent it may know more that could help our inquiry team. They obviously felt compelled to write the letter seven years after his disappearance and I would like to hear from them again now.’

Anyone with information can use the Cleveland Police section of the Major Incident Public Portal via https://mipp.police.uk/, call Cleveland Police on the non-emergency number 101 or Crimestoppers anonymously on 0800 555 111.

Powered by: Daily Mail

Continue Reading

Main News

A gardeners’ foe may have won a small victory after a ban on a slug pellet chemical that kills pets

Published

on

By

a gardeners foe may have won a small victory after a ban on a slug pellet chemical that kills pets

A foe of many gardeners and farmers may have gained a reprieve as a popular slug pellet is to be banned over fears that it could be lethal to pets and gastropod predators like hedgehogs.

Many green fingered enthusiasts reach for pellets containing metaldehyde which is very efficient at killing slugs.

The poison is found in many high street stores and it is widely used to control the slug problem.

A ban on slug pellets containing metaldehyde has given farmers and gardeners a headache

A ban on slug pellets containing metaldehyde has given farmers and gardeners a headache

The first problem with this is that it drastically reduces the number of slugs about for those animals which eat them to find.

Another unwanted side effect is that it can build up, to dangerous levels, the amount of toxins in birds, cats and dogs if they eat it.

Over the years wildlife campaigners have campaigned to have the pellet scrapped but they have faced stiff opposition.

A ban was set to go head last year but, after the company behind the pellets launched a legal challenge, it was scrapped.

Chiltern Farm Chemicals, which creates the pellets, argued that they were not lethal to other animals.

Since then the government has heard evidence from other sources such as the UK Expert Committee on Pesticides and the Health and Safety Executive which highlighted the risk of Metaldehyde to birds and mammals.

The late wet summer has proven to be an ideal breeding ground for slugs and snails meaning an increase in the use of metaldehyde based pellets.

The government has ruled that the use of slug pellets containing metaldehyde must be phased out by 2022

The government has ruled that the use of slug pellets containing metaldehyde must be phased out by 2022

Metaldehyde is perfect for killing slugs but it can also be harmful to other wildlife and pets

Metaldehyde is perfect for killing slugs but it can also be harmful to other wildlife and pets

This has led to a high level of leaching of the chemical into some water courses. The chemical is also harmful to aquatic life.

This new evidence has proven to be strong enough for the government to bring in a ban.

Victoria Prentis, the farming minister, told The Telegraph: ‘The scientific evidence is clear – the risks that metaldehyde poses to the environment and to wildlife are too great.

‘The government is committed to building back greener from coronavirus and the restrictions on the use of metaldehyde are another step towards building a cleaner and greener country for the next generation.’

Gardeners and businesses have until 2022 under the government’s ban to get rid of pellets containing metaldehyde. 

There are worries that phasing out the use of metaldehyde based pellets may prove very harmful to farmers’ crops and gardener’s  flowers.

Officials, though, claim that pellets which contain ferric phosphate are just as effective as metaldehyde ones, but without the added side effects for wildlife.

Powered by: Daily Mail

Continue Reading

Main News

Two are killed and 14 wounded in mass shooting at backyard party in Rochester

Published

on

By

two are killed and 14 wounded in mass shooting at backyard party in rochester

A mass shooting at a backyard party has claimed two lives and left 14 people hospitalized in Rochester, New York.

Police responded to the shooting on the 200 block of Pennsylvania Avenue at around 12.25am, with about 100 people running wildly around a ‘very chaotic scene,’ said Acting Police Chief Mark Simmons.

Investigators are still trying to piece together who opened fire and why. Simmons said it was too early to say whether more than one person was shooting or who the intended targets may have been. 

It comes just five days after Simmons took over as top cop, after his predecessor was ousted following weeks of Black Lives Matter protests and unrest over the death of Daniel Prude, who was fatally injured while being arrested in March.

Rochester Acting Police Chief Mark Simmons briefs the press on a shooting that killed two and wounded 14 at a house party early Saturday. He was appointed just five days ago

Rochester Acting Police Chief Mark Simmons briefs the press on a shooting that killed two and wounded 14 at a house party early Saturday. He was appointed just five days ago

33370722 8750401 image m 5 1600516502670

‘We have 16 confirmed victims of shooting. And I’m sad to announce that two of those 16 received a fatal wound,’ Simmons said at a news conference.

A man and woman, estimated to be in their late teens or early 20s, were killed, Simmons said. None of the wounded people were believed to have life-threatening injuries. They were being treated at two area hospitals. 

‘This is truly a tragedy of epic proportions,’ Simmons said in a news conference held near the home. ‘I mean 16 victims is unheard of, and for our community, who´s right now going through so much, to have to be dealt with this tragedy, needlessly, for people who decide to act in a violent manner is unfortunate and shameful, and we’re going to do everything that we can as a department to bring those people involved to justice.’ 

Simmons said it was unclear if the shooting was a targeted or random act of violence. The wounded were being treated in hospital and their injuries were not thought to be life threatening.

Police said that several dozen shots were fired in the shooting. One witness told WHAM-TV that the gunfire sounded like ‘an all-out warzone.’

‘So many people going in so many directions, so many different ways, driving on the grass, trying to get out of here,’ said Billy, who did not want to give his last name.

Police responded to the shooting at around 12.25am, with about 100 people running wildly around a 'very chaotic scene,' said Acting Police Chief Mark Simmons

Police responded to the shooting at around 12.25am, with about 100 people running wildly around a ‘very chaotic scene,’ said Acting Police Chief Mark Simmons

33370808 8750401 image a 3 1600516348088

The shooting comes as the city’s police department has been rocked by days of protests over Prude’s death, caused when officers put a hood over his head to stop him from spitting, then pushed his face into the pavement until they noticed he had stopped breathing.

On Monday the city’s mayor fired Police Chief La´Ron Singletary, who she said initially misled her about the circumstances of the death. Other senior police officials announced they would retire or leave top command positions.

Simmons expressed frustration early Saturday that someone had held a large, late-night party amid that tumult, apparently in defiance of a state ban on large gatherings because of the coronavirus pandemic.

‘This is yet another tragedy where individuals are having these illegal, unsanctioned house parties taking place in these properties, which – number one – is not safe because of COVID, because of the conditions. And then you add in alcohol and violence and it just becomes a recipe for disaster,’ Simmons said.

Investigators are still trying to piece together who opened fire and why. Simmons said it was too early to say whether more than one person was shooting

Investigators are still trying to piece together who opened fire and why. Simmons said it was too early to say whether more than one person was shooting

Officers responded to calls of shots fired and found ‘approximately 100 people’ running from the scene, Simmons said. Before the call, police were not aware of the party and had received no complaints about noise, he said.

The acting chief said no suspects were in custody, but there was no reason to believe the neighborhood was unsafe.

The names of the two people killed were not immediately released.

Rochester Mayor Lovely Warren issued a statement asking for ‘prayers and support for all involved,’ according to WHEC-TV.

‘I’m begging everyone to remain calm and exercise deep restraint as RPD investigates what happened here and seeks those responsible,’ she said. 

Powered by: Daily Mail

Continue Reading

Trending

Copyright © 2020 DiazHub.