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Rebel Tories ‘to meet today to discuss joining forces with Labour to vote down PM’s 10pm pub curfew’

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rebel tories to meet today to discuss joining forces with labour to vote down pms 10pm pub curfew

Rebel Tories could join forces with Labour in a bid to put an end to Boris Johnson‘s 10pm Covid curfew, according to reports.

The group, made up of dozens of Conservative MPs, reportedly want to call last orders on the unpopular pub curfew – which has resulted in numerous mass gatherings at kick-out time as revellers spill out onto the streets together.

The Tory backbenchers hope to vote it down on Wednesday and are due to meet today to discuss plans to join forces with Labour in order to do say, according to the Telegraph.

It comes after Chancellor Rishi Sunak yesterday expression of frustration at the measures – giving those the rebel Conservatives fresh hope.

The group have also been boosted after Labour delayed backing the curfew until the opposition has seen the evidence behind it, the paper says.

Labour are not expected to decide until the day of the vote if they will vote to carry on with the 10pm cut-off.

Rebel Tories could join forces with Labour in a bid to put an end to Boris Johnson's (pictured) 10pm Covid curfew, according to reports

Rebel Tories could join forces with Labour in a bid to put an end to Boris Johnson’s (pictured) 10pm Covid curfew, according to reports

The group, made up of dozens of Conservative MPs, reportedly want to call last orders on the unpopular pub curfew - which has resulted in numerous mass gatherings at kick-out time as revellers spill out onto the streets together (pictured: Revellers leave the pubs in Liverpool)

The group, made up of dozens of Conservative MPs, reportedly want to call last orders on the unpopular pub curfew – which has resulted in numerous mass gatherings at kick-out time as revellers spill out onto the streets together (pictured: Revellers leave the pubs in Liverpool)

The anti-curfew Tories are riding high, a week after a Conservative rebellion forcing the government to allow MPs to vote on any future national lockdown.

Ministers are obliged to give MPs a simple yes or no vote on new restrictions weeks after they are introduced,

One told the Telegraph: ‘My sense is that a material number of MPs might vote against the 10pm.’

Another rebel said that if Labour does oppose the curfew there were enough Conservatives who would side with Sir Keir Starmer’s party to defeat the government,

Former Brexit minister Steve Baker, who was a ringleader in the move to win a vote on any lockdown, told the Telegraph: ‘Very few members of Parliament have constituencies which will bear voting against every infringement of liberty.

‘However, there is a growing consensus that neither the 10pm curfew, nor including children in the ‘rule of six’, are well evidenced.

‘I expect quite a few members of Parliament to take issue on those two points.’

Talk of the rebellion comes after Rishi Sunak and Boris Johnson put on a united front yesterday after the Chancellor branded the 10pm pubs curfew ‘frustrating’ and insisted he had ‘no regrets’ about the Eat Out to Help Out scheme.

The two politicians were pictured together visiting an energy firm after Mr Sunak mounted a staunch defence of his subsidies on dining out – despite the PM admitting they might have contributed to the sharp rise in coronavirus cases.

In an interview ahead of his keynote speech to Tory conference, Mr Sunak said the scheme had propped up two million jobs.

Cementing his status as the leading Cabinet ‘hawk’ on the need to get the economy running again, he told The Sun: ‘I don’t think it’s wrong for people to want to strive for normality and I don’t think it’s wrong for the Government to want that for people.’

Talk of the rebellion comes after Rishi Sunak (pictured) and Boris Johnson put on a united front yesterday after the Chancellor branded the 10pm pubs curfew 'frustrating' and insisted he had 'no regrets' about the Eat Out to Help Out scheme

Talk of the rebellion comes after Rishi Sunak (pictured) and Boris Johnson put on a united front yesterday after the Chancellor branded the 10pm pubs curfew ‘frustrating’ and insisted he had ‘no regrets’ about the Eat Out to Help Out scheme

The two politicians were pictured together (above) visiting an energy firm after Mr Sunak mounted a staunch defence of his subsidies on dining out - despite the PM admitting they might have contributed to the sharp rise in coronavirus cases

The two politicians were pictured together (above) visiting an energy firm after Mr Sunak mounted a staunch defence of his subsidies on dining out – despite the PM admitting they might have contributed to the sharp rise in coronavirus cases 

The intervention came after Mr Johnson came under fierce questioning over his handling of the crisis, with criticism of chaotic local lockdowns and shambolic testing. He admitted yesterday that he had dropped his ‘buoyant’ style during the pandemic because it was ‘inappropriate’.

By contrast, Mr Sunak has been praised for his tone talking about the impact of the disease, and the speed with which complicated bailouts including furlough were implemented.

Mr Johnson tried to bridge the apparent gap between their messages yesterday by saying that he wanted the public to be ‘fearless but use common sense’.

Mr Sunak was dubbed Dishi Rishi after unveiling his August scheme of subsidised meals out to help a pub and restaurant sector badly impacted by the coronavirus pandemic.

Treasury figures show more than 100million meals were eaten under the scheme, which gave diners a 50 per cent state-backed discount, up to a maximum of £10, on meals every Monday to Wednesday during August.

Mr Johnson told BBC One’s Andrew Marr Show yesterday that the Treasury incentive ‘may have helped to spread the virus’.

But in his interview Mr Sunak said the success of the initiative had helped prop-up two million jobs and that he had no regrets about paying for it.

‘No, definitely not,’ Mr Sunak said when asked if he held any regrets.

‘We had an industry that I care deeply about because of employment. It’s over two million people.’

Mr Sunak pointed to the low rate of second-wave Covid infections in the South West, a region he claimed made the most use of the scheme, as evidence that the hospitality drive had not had an adverse health effect.

The non-drinker also expressed sympathy over public anger at the 10pm pub curfew brought in as an attempt to curb infections.

‘Everyone is very frustrated and exhausted and tired about all of this,’ he told the paper.

It comes as it was revealed that parts of the UK – including a number of university cities – could be plunged into local lockdown within days after ‘missed’ Test and Trace data belatedly revealed soaring infection figures – putting the areas over the threshold for a new three-tier alert system.

A further 33 deaths were announced today, as the Government looks set to unveil a new system to manage lockdown restrictions nationwide

A further 33 deaths were announced today, as the Government looks set to unveil a new system to manage lockdown restrictions nationwide

As infections continue to rise, tighter measures than those already impacting on millions could be introduced in some of Britain's worst-affected areas

As infections continue to rise, tighter measures than those already impacting on millions could be introduced in some of Britain’s worst-affected areas

Cities including Sheffield, Leeds and Oxford are among a dozen areas which have seen their coronavirus infection figures soar following the ‘computer glitch’, which meant 16,000 cases were missed off Public Health England’s reporting system.

Residents in Nottingham, which has two universities, have reportedly been told to brace for lockdown measures, according to the Telegraph.

The city, which is home to Nottingham University and Nottingham Trent University, was previously not on the Government’s Covid ‘watch list’.

But the updated data reveals the city would have been one of the worst areas in the country last week when compared with the pre-adujsted figures.

The Department for Health insist the new figures do not impact its watch list or alter current restriction in the area, according to the paper.

There were a further 12,594 confirmed cases of coronavirus reported yesterday, bringing the total number of cases in the UK to 515,571, while another 19 people lost their lives.

This post first appeared on dailymail.co.uk

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YouTube pranksters get bookings for ‘World’s worst Airbnb’ in field

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youtube pranksters get bookings for worlds worst airbnb in field

Three YouTube pranksters created the ‘world’s worst Airbnb’ with a mattress, bedside table and a lamp in the middle of a north London field – then were left shocked after somehow still receiving bookings. 

The listing was created by Rhys Simmons, Jamie Kamaz and Hitchin – a trio of vloggers who run ‘Passion squad’ – an entertainment variety channel showcasing all manner of stunts, pranks and quirky content.

They set out to create the ‘world’s worst’ Airbnb, which literally consisted of a mattress and a bedside table – complete with two glasses of water and a lamp not plugged in anywhere – underneath a tree on open land.

 

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Three YouTube pranksters created the ‘world’s worst Airbnb’ – then were left shocked after somehow still receiving bookings

The 'property' literally consists of a mattress and a bedside table, complete with two glasses of water and a lamp that doesn't work

The ‘property’ literally consists of a mattress and a bedside table, complete with two glasses of water and a lamp that doesn’t work

One of the pranksters shows off the three drawers that come as part of the bedside table

One of the pranksters shows off the three drawers that come as part of the bedside table

The group dropped the mattress in a north London field after attaching it to the roof of a car

The group dropped the mattress in a north London field after attaching it to the roof of a car

The listing was created by Rhys Simmons, Jamie Kamaz and Hitchin - a trio of vloggers who run 'Passion squad' - an entertainment variety channel showcasing all manner of stunts, pranks and quirky content

The listing was created by Rhys Simmons, Jamie Kamaz and Hitchin – a trio of vloggers who run ‘Passion squad’ – an entertainment variety channel showcasing all manner of stunts, pranks and quirky content

The 'property' was listed on Airbnb under the name of 'Null Stern Hotel of London'

The ‘property’ was listed on Airbnb under the name of ‘Null Stern Hotel of London’

To their surprise, they received a remarkable amount of interest upon listing the ‘property’ on Airbnb and, had they taken the punters’ money, would have turned a profit.

Rhys Simmons, co founder of ‘Passion Squad’, from Enfield, said: ‘Myself & some mates came together to create the worst Airbnb ever seen.

‘We gathered together a load of items we found on FB for free to assemble a terrible Airbnb experience.

‘But to our surprise when we uploaded this thing on to Airbnb, we had an insane amount of interest for people to come and stay within our establishment.

‘We were not pleased with the previous price on our last Airbnb stay, so we decided to take it upon ourselves to make our own.

‘It led us to create what is almost defiantly the worst Airbnb ever created.

‘This was an insane accomplishment. To create the worst Airbnb in the world and then get a crazy amount of requests to stay is something that we will never forget.

‘You never know, we may have to open this thing up for full-time business!’

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Ships with giant 150-foot sails could take to the seas by 2022

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ships with giant 150 foot sails could take to the seas by 2022

Cargo ships transporting goods across the world could be fitted with sails to reduce their emissions by 2022.

The company behind the idea, BAR Technologies, is a spin-off of a firm set up by Olympian Ben Ainslie in order to gain an edge in competition.

The project, dubbed WindWings, is still in the design phase, but BAR says the sails will be 150ft tall and is in talks with maritime giants to fit the sales to their vessels.  

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The company behind the idea is BAR Technologies which is a spin-off of a firm set up by Olympian Ben Ainslie (pictured) in order to gain an edge in competition

The company behind the idea is BAR Technologies which is a spin-off of a firm set up by Olympian Ben Ainslie (pictured) in order to gain an edge in competition

Much like ships of previous centuries, the sails will harness wind for propulsion, but the modern versions will be specifically designed for efficiency. 

It is hoped the wind power will reduce the complete reliance on diesel-powered engines, slashing the amount of pollutants produced.  

International shipping as an industry churns out more emissions than all of Germany. If it was a nation, it would be the sixth worst polluter of CO2 in the world.  

Initial rollout will be on product tankers before being added to dry bulk vessels.

To make the WindWings initiative a reality, BAR Technologies has partnered with Cargill, an American agribusiness group, and a naval architect company called Deltamarin.

The project, dubbed WindWings, is still in the design phase, but BAR says the sails will be 150ft tall and is in talks with maritime giants to fit the sales to their vessels. PIctured, a design prototype of the sails

The project, dubbed WindWings, is still in the design phase, but BAR says the sails will be 150ft tall and is in talks with maritime giants to fit the sales to their vessels. PIctured, a design prototype of the sails 

Shipping to reduce CO2 emissions by 40% by 2030 

The initial greenhouse gas strategy outline by the International MAritime Organization envisages a dramatic drop in emissions, specifically from international shipping. 

Its goal is to reduce CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030. 

There is lso ambition to reach a 70% drop by 2050, compared to 2008 levels. 

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Jan Dieleman, president of Cargill’s Ocean Transportation business, said the partnership would allow the business to provide clients seeking to lower emissions from their supply chain with a bespoke solution. 

‘Through this partnership, we will bring bespoke wind solutions to customers who are actively seeking to reduce CO2 emissions from their supply chain,’ he said. 

‘Changing regulations and uncertainty about future greener marine fuels makes choosing the right vessel to charter with a long-term view complicated. 

‘With the WindWings technology, Cargill will be able to offer customers a solution that improves vessel efficiency, independent of the fuel or type of engine used,’ he continues.

BAR was formed in 2016 with the idea of turning the innovations created for Sir Ben Ainslie’s vessels into commercial ventures,  

The company chairman is Martin Whitmarsh, the former team principle of the McLaren F1 team.  

BAR CEO, John Cooper, was previously McLaren’s Chief Business Officer and he said: ‘Wind is a near marginal cost free fuel and the opportunity for reducing emissions, alongside significant efficiency gains in vessel operating costs, is substantial.’

BAR is not the only company looking to make use of giant sails. 

A Swedish design company revealed earlier this year a cargo vessel concept with 260-foot-tall retractable ‘sails’, which it says can reduce emissions by 90 per cent.  

The 650-foot-long aerodynamic Oceanbird vessel can transport 7,000 cars at an average speed of 10 knots, powered mostly by wind.  

A transatlantic crossing on the vessel will take around 12 days – only slightly longer than today’s fossil-fuel powered cargo ships.

Stockholm-based designers Wallenius Marine have successfully completed sea trials of a 20-foot-long model, in preparation for building the real thing.

When completed, it will be the world’s largest sailing vessel at 650 feet long and 130 feet wide. 

Wallenius Marine says the global shipping community needs to shift away from fossil fuels to renewable energy, to help reverse climate change. 

A Swedish design company revealed earlier this year a cargo vessel concept with 260-foot-tall retractable 'sails', which it says can reduce emissions by 90 per cent

A Swedish design company revealed earlier this year a cargo vessel concept with 260-foot-tall retractable ‘sails’, which it says can reduce emissions by 90 per cent 

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Coronavirus UK: Vaccine tsar warns first approved jabs may not work

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Kate Bingham told the Financial Times less than half of the UK population will get a coronavirus vaccine if one is produced

Kate Bingham told the Financial Times less than half of the UK population will get a coronavirus vaccine if one is produced

Hopes of ending the Covid-19 pandemic with a vaccine were dealt a blow today as a senior British health chief warned the first approved jabs may not work.

Kate Bingham, head of the UK’s Vaccine Taskforce, has already warned there is only a ‘slim’ chance scientists will have a jab before Christmas.

And now she has dampened hopes even further, warning that the first generation of vaccines — which are all still in human trials — are ‘likely to be imperfect’.

In a commentary published in medical journal The Lancet, Ms Bingham said: ‘We should be prepared they might not prevent infection but rather reduce symptoms, and, even then, might not work for everyone or for long.’

And she added ‘we do not know that we will ever have a vaccine at all’, cautioning that ‘many, and possibly all’ of the vaccines currently being investigated could fail. 

Ms Bingham was appointed chair of the UK’s Vaccine Taskforce for Covid-19 in May and reports directly to the Prime Minister on the progress of a coronavirus vaccine, which experts say is key to controlling the pandemic.

Ms Bingham was appointed chair of the UK's Vaccine Taskforce for Covid-19 in May this year and reports directly to the Prime Minister on progress of a Covid-19 vaccine. She is pictured with a plaster on her arm after receiving the Novavax vaccine on Tuesday October 13

Ms Bingham was appointed chair of the UK’s Vaccine Taskforce for Covid-19 in May this year and reports directly to the Prime Minister on progress of a Covid-19 vaccine. She is pictured with a plaster on her arm after receiving the Novavax vaccine on Tuesday October 13

Ms Bingham said: 'The first generation of vaccines is likely to be imperfect, and we should be prepared that they might not prevent infection but rather reduce symptoms, and, even then, might not work for everyone or for long'

Ms Bingham said: ‘The first generation of vaccines is likely to be imperfect, and we should be prepared that they might not prevent infection but rather reduce symptoms, and, even then, might not work for everyone or for long’

The taskforce, which Ms Bingham says was the ‘brainchild of Sir Patrick Vallance’ — Number 10’s chief scientific adviser, is at the forefront of putting plans in place to get the UK population vaccinated. 

‘However, we do not know that we will ever have a vaccine at all. It is important to guard against complacency and over-optimism,’ Ms Bingham said.

‘The first generation of vaccines is likely to be imperfect, and we should be prepared that they might not prevent infection but rather reduce symptoms, and, even then, might not work for everyone or for long.’

COVID-19 VACCINE ‘MAY NOT PREVENT SEVERE ILLNESS OR DEATH’ 

Covid-19 vaccines may not prevent people from getting severely sick or dying, Professor Peter Doshi, the associate editor of the British Medical Journal, has warned. 

Trials of hundreds of thousands of volunteers are investigating whether experimental Covid-19 jabs stop a person from picking up the infection.

But Professor Doshi commented in a piece published last week that scientists are not waiting to see whether volunteers are protected from severe disease or death if they do catch it — which would only be the case if the vaccine didn’t work very well — before they are rolled out. 

This is a particular concern for the elderly, who are the most at risk of severe Covid-19 outcomes, because the vaccine may not be as effective at protecting them from catching the coronavirus in the first place.

Vaccines typically do not work as well  for those over the age of 60 because they have an aged immune system.  

Professor Doshi, of the University of Maryland, also revealed that the studies will not prove transmission between people can be curbed. Scientists are not measuring if those who catch it pass it on to friends and family, regardless of whether they get sick themselves. 

None of the front-runners — Moderna, Pfizer, AstraZeneca, Janssen, Sinopharm, or Sinovac — are measuring if their vaccines will save lives in their final stage trials.

Scientists wait for a number of people to catch the coronavirus so they can compare whether the infection rates are higher in those who received the experimental Covid-19 jab, or in the placebo group.

If cases are higher in the placebo group, it would suggest that the vaccine protects against catching the coronavirus, in theory.  

None of the phase three trials are waiting for endpoints of severe disease or deaths before stopping the trial, which would confirm the vaccine is indeed ‘life-saving’. 

But in response to Professor Doshi’s paper, scientists say there are ‘excellent’ reasons for running the trials, the main one being to speed up finding a vaccine which could otherwise take years because so few Covid-19 patients become severely ill.  

Dr Andrew Preston, a reader in microbial pathogenesis who works in vaccines, University of Bath, told MailOnline: ‘Covering every manifestation of Covid disease would require trials so large, that run for such long times, that they are very likely to be impossible to run and fund, and would delay the data so long that we’d be living without any vaccine-mediated intervention for years to come.’

Commenting on the BMJ editorial, Dr Preston argued there were ‘excellent and sensible reasons for running the trials as they are’. 

‘To test vaccines in the very vulnerable would require vaccinating vulnerable people and then asking them to put themselves in situations in which they might be exposed to the virus.

‘The ethics of this would be highly questionable, so it makes sense to test whether the vaccine shows any effect in people who, if they did become infected, the consequences are far less severe.’

However, he agreed that it is important for there to be clarity on what vaccine trials will and will not show. 

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Experts say it is highly unlikely that any vaccine approved for the coronavirus will ever completely proven to work before it is rolled out. 

The World Health Organization admits ‘no vaccine is 100 per cent effective’. For example, the measles jab, which has been doled out for decades, works 98 per cent of the time. 

But if a jab prevents the large majority of people from catching the coronavirus, and potentially reduces the severity of the illness, then it will be hailed as game-changing.   

The aims of coronavirus vaccine trials, which use tens of thousands of volunteers worldwide, is to see if the jab prevents SARS-CoV-2 infection.

But they will not reveal if the vaccines stop the chain of transmission, or prevent someone from getting severely sick or dying. 

It would take several years to assess if a vaccine actually saves lives, which is why scientists have cut corners in order to develop one that at least reduces the risk of catching it.  

Another obstacle in vaccinating the population is a lack of manufacturing capacity for the billions of doses required, Ms Bingham warned.

The Taskforce anticipates that most vaccines will require two doses to work, and possibly annual booster shots.

On top of that, ‘the UK is committed to ensuring that everyone at risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection, anywhere in the world, has access to a safe and effective vaccine’. 

Ms Bingham wrote: ‘A major challenge is that the global manufacturing capacity for vaccines is vastly inadequate for the billions of doses that are needed, and the UK manufacturing capability to date has been equally scarce.

‘There will not be one successful vaccine, or one single country, that is able to supply the world. 

‘We urgently need international cooperation to pool risks and costs, address barriers to access, and scale up the manufacturing capacity to produce sufficient doses to protect everyone at risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection globally.’

Ms Bingham revealed there are already ‘deployment plans’ for when a Covid-19 vaccine is ready because there will be huge logistical challenges in roll-out. These have been made for the NHS, GP surgeries, pharmacies, care home and pop-up sites.

She confirmed ‘adults older than 50 years, health-care and social-care workers on the front line, and adults with underlying comorbidities’ will be first in line.

A vaccine is considered key to ending the Covid-19 pandemic which has already killed 1.1million people worldwide. 

It’s not the first time Ms Bingham has attempted to dispel hopes of a Covid-19 vaccine ending the pandemic.

She said earlier this month that not everyone – potentially only half – of the British population would be vaccinated if a jab was proven effective against the coronavirus.

If any vaccine was proven to be 95 per cent effective, which is thought to be unlikely given the short time frame scientists have been working in, it may be given to a larger number of people.  

Number 10 has already ordered 340million doses of seven different experimental jabs in a spread-betting approach that banks on one of them being proven to work.

Among them are three jabs created by Oxford University, Pfizer and Janssen – owner of Johnson & Johnson – which are all in the final stages of testing. But even if there was one ready by 2021, it would only be given to the most at-risk groups first, such as the elderly and NHS workers.

Ms Bingham said only vaccines that have the potential for approval by regulators and delivery as early as the end of 2020 or, at the latest, in the second half of 2021, have been considered.

One of the most advanced vaccines, developed by AstraZeneca and the University of Oxford, is tipped as the most likely to ready first. 

Those created by Novavax – which Ms Bingham has received in trial – GSK and Sanofi, and Valneva ‘will not be available until late in 2021’, she said.

WHICH VACCINES HAVE THE UK SECURED DEALS FOR? 

1. GlaxoSmithKline and Sanofi Pasteur: 60million doses 

The Government revealed on July 29 it had signed a deal with pharmaceutical giants GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) and Sanofi Pasteur

If the vaccine proves successful, the UK could begin to vaccinate priority groups, such as frontline health and social care workers and those at increased risk from coronavirus, as early as the first half of next year, the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS) said. 

Human clinical studies of the vaccine will begin in September followed by a phase 3 study in December. 

The vaccine is based on the existing technology used to produce Sanofi’s seasonal flu vaccine. Genetic material from the surface protein of the SARS-CoV-2 virus is inserted into insect cells – the basis of Sanofi’s influenza product – and then injected to provoke an immune response in a human patient.  

2. AstraZeneca (manufacturing University of Oxford’s): 100million

AstraZeneca, which is working in partnership with Oxford University, is already manufacturing the experimental vaccine after a deal was struck on May 17.

Professor Sarah Gilbert, who is leading the Oxford team, is confident the jab could be ready for the most vulnerable people by the end of the year.

Her comments came after the results from the first phase, published in The Lancet on July 20, showed promise.

The team have genetically engineered a virus to look like the coronavirus – to have the same spike proteins on the outside – but be unable to cause any infection inside a person. This virus, weakened by genetic engineering, is a type of virus called an adenovirus, the same as those which cause common colds, that has been taken from chimpanzees. 

3.  BioNTech/Pfizer: 30million 

US drug giant Pfizer – most famous for making Viagra – and German firm BioNTech were revealed to have secured a deal with the UK Government on July 20.

It reported positive results from the ongoing phase 2/3 clinical trial of one called BNT162b1 on July 1.  The company is still running phase 2 trials at the moment.

Pfizer’s vaccine is one called an mRNA vaccine, which do not directly inject bits of the virus into the body but send genetic material.

mRNA vaccines programme the body to produce parts of the virus itself by injecting the body with a molecule that tells disease-fighting cells what to build. The immune system then learns how to fight it.

4. Valneva: 60million 

The Government has given Valneva — whose vaccine is understood to be in the preclinical stages of development — an undisclosed amount of money to expand its factory in Livingston, Scotland. 

While the Government revealed a 60million dose deal on July 20, the company said it had reached agreement in principle with the UK government to provide up to 100million doses. 

Valneva’s jab is an inactivated whole virus vaccine, meaning it injects a damaged version of the coronavirus itself into the body.

The virus has been destroyed in a way that makes it unable to cause infection, but the body still recognises it as a dangerous intruder and therefore mounts an immune response which it can remember in case of a real Covid-19 infection. 

5. Janssen (Johnson & Johnson): 30million

The Government has agreed to buy 30million doses of a vaccine made by Janssen if it works.

Officials have agreed to help the company in its development of the jab by part-funding a global clinical trial. The first in-human trials of Janssen’s jab began in mid-July and are being done on adults over the age of 18 in the US and Belgium.

The jab is named Ad26.COV2-S, recombinant, and is a type of jab called a viral vector recombinant vaccine.

Proteins that appear on the outside of the coronavirus are reproduced in a lab and then injected into the body to stimulate an immune reaction.

The ‘Ad’ part of the vaccine’s name means it works using an adenovirus – a virus best known for causing the common cold – as a vehicle to transport the coronavirus genetics into the body.

6. Novavax: 60million

Britain has ordered 60million doses of a vaccine being developed by the US-based company Novavax. It will help to fund late-stage clinical trials in the UK and also boost plans to manufacture the vaccine in Britain.

Novavax’s jab, named NVX-CoV2373, showed positive results in early clinical trials.

It produced an immune response in 100 per cent of people who received it, the company said, and was safe and ‘generally well-tolerated’. 

Novavax’s candidate is also a recombinant vaccine and transports the spike proteins found on the outside of the coronavirus into the body in order to provoke the immune system. 

7. Imperial College London: Unknown quantity

Imperial College London scientists are working on Britain’s second home-grown hope for a jab. The candidate is slightly behind Oxford’s vaccine in terms of its progress through clinical trials, but is still a major player.

The UK Government is understood to have agreed to buy the vaccine if it works but details of a deal have not yet been publicised. 

Imperial’s jab is currently in second-phase human trials after early tests showed it appeared to be safe. 

Imperial College London will try to deliver genetic material (RNA) from the coronavirus which programs cells inside the patient’s body to recreate the spike proteins. It will transport the RNA inside liquid droplets injected into the bloodstream. 

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