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Excessive exercise is responsible for 74 per cent of heatstroke cases in dogs 

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excessive exercise is responsible for 74 per cent of heatstroke cases in dogs

Excessive exercise from walks and playing is responsible for 74 per cent of heatstroke cases in dogs, a study has reported. 

Researchers from Nottingham Trent University and the Royal Veterinary College analysed cases of canine heatstroke treated by UK vets. 

They found that warm weather alone was responsible for 13 per cent of cases, while travel in — or being left in — hot vehicles accounted for another 5 per cent.

Other triggers for the condition included treatment at veterinary surgeries or grooming parlours, being kept in hot buildings, and being trapped under blankets.

Heatstroke — which can easily prove to be fatal for dogs — is a condition that vets expect to see more frequently as global temperatures rise.

Dogs can be affected by exercise-induced heatstroke even on cooler days, the researchers cautioned.

Excessive exercise from walks and playing is responsible for 74 per cent of heatstroke cases in dogs, a study has reported. Warm weather alone was responsible for 13 per cent of cases, while travel in — or being left in — hot vehicles accounted for another 5 per cent.

Excessive exercise from walks and playing is responsible for 74 per cent of heatstroke cases in dogs, a study has reported. Warm weather alone was responsible for 13 per cent of cases, while travel in — or being left in — hot vehicles accounted for another 5 per cent.

Excessive exercise from walks and playing is responsible for 74 per cent of heatstroke cases in dogs, a study has reported. Warm weather alone was responsible for 13 per cent of cases, while travel in — or being left in — hot vehicles accounted for another 5 per cent.

KNOW THE SIGNS OF HEATSTROKE IN DOGS

Signs of heatstroke in dogs include:

  • Panting,
  • Red or dark gums/tongue,
  • Confusion and unsteadiness,
  • Collapsing,
  • Diarrhoea or vomiting,
  • Seizure, which can lead to coma.

Rapid treatment is essential.

Heatstroke can occur all year round, but is most common in the UK between May–August.

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In the study, the researchers analysed anonymised clinical records of more than 900,000 dogs from across the UK — finding that 1,222 had received veterinary care for heatstroke at some point during their lives.

The team noted that 14.2 per cent of these canines died as a result of the condition.

Male or younger dogs are most at risk of heatstroke from exercise, with susceptible breeds including the Chow Chow, Bulldog, French Bulldog, Greyhound, English Springer Spaniel, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and the Staffordshire Bull Terrier.

Older dogs and those with flat faces — such as bulldogs and pugs — meanwhile are at increased risk of getting heatstroke just by sitting outside in hot weather. 

‘Flat-faced’, or brachycephalic, dogs are particularly at risk of developing heatstroke if left in hot cars.

‘As the world gets hotter, we need to include our dogs in our strategies to stay cool, as they can suffer fatal consequences when we fail to keep them safe,’ said paper author and veterinary surgeon Emily Hall of the Nottingham Trent University.

‘It appears that people are hearing the message about the dangers of hot vehicles, but campaigns to raise public awareness about heat-related illness in dogs need to highlight that dogs don’t just die in hot cars.’

‘Taking a dog for a walk or a run in hot weather can be just as deadly — so consider skipping walks altogether during heatwaves, or be sure to take dogs out early in the morning whilst it’s still cool.’

‘We hope our work will help to educate people about the causes of heatstroke in dogs and provide owners and veterinary professionals with crucial information that can be used to identify dogs most at risk.’

This latest study builds upon the researchers previous work, in which they revealed that brachycephalic dog breeds are at particular risk of heatstroke — and that parked cars can get hot enough to risk a dog’s health from spring through to autumn.

This latest study builds upon the researchers previous work, in which they revealed that brachycephalic dog breeds are at particular risk of heatstroke — and that parked cars can get hot enough to risk a dog's health from spring through to autumn

This latest study builds upon the researchers previous work, in which they revealed that brachycephalic dog breeds are at particular risk of heatstroke — and that parked cars can get hot enough to risk a dog's health from spring through to autumn

This latest study builds upon the researchers previous work, in which they revealed that brachycephalic dog breeds are at particular risk of heatstroke — and that parked cars can get hot enough to risk a dog’s health from spring through to autumn 

‘The UK is currently in the midst of an ill-fated love affair with flat-faced dogs,’ said paper author and companion animal epidemiologist Dan O’Neill of the Royal Veterinary College.

‘Demand for breeds such as the French Bulldog, Pug and British Bulldog has soared during the COVID-19 lockdown.’

‘I appeal to owners to put the needs of the dog ahead of their own desire to possess something that looks cute.’

‘Flat-faced dogs have an innately reduced capacity to stay cool and therefore often suffer terribly during hot weather, exercise or even a short car journey.’

‘Please stop and think before buying a flat-faced dog,’ he cautioned. 

The full findings of the study were published in the journal Animals.

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Facebook users will be able to own their images and issue takedown notices

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facebook users will be able to own their images and issue takedown notices

Facebook is giving users more control over images they create, including the ability to issue takedown notices on Facebook and Instagram.

In an update on Monday, the social media firm unveiled Rights Manager, which allows creators and publishers to protect their work ‘at scale.’ 

Page administrators can submit an application for content they want protected by uploading a CSV file with all of the relevant metadata.

Once a file is accepted, Facebook’s algorithms will locate matching content on both Facebook and Instagram.

Admins can then access Facebook’s ‘fast and effective’ IP reporting system to issue takedown requests to violators. 

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An example of Facebook's new Rights Manager for Images program. Page admins can submit files they want to protect, then algorithms will find matching content on both Facebook and Instagram

An example of Facebook’s new Rights Manager for Images program. Page admins can submit files they want to protect, then algorithms will find matching content on both Facebook and Instagram

 ‘We want to ensure Facebook is a safe and valuable place for creators to share their content,’ wrote product manager Dave Axelgard.

‘That’s why we built tools like Rights Manager in Creator Studio to help creators and publishers who have a large or growing catalog of content better control when, how and where their content is shared across Facebook and Instagram.’ 

Settings can be adjusted so ownership can apply globally or only in certain territories.

Eventually all users will be able to control image rights, like they can music and video rights.

Once violators have been found, creators and publishers can choose to use Facebook's IP reporting system to issue takedown notices. The program can be made global or limited to certain territories

Once violators have been found, creators and publishers can choose to use Facebook’s IP reporting system to issue takedown notices. The program can be made global or limited to certain territories

‘We want to make sure that we understand the use case very, very well from that set of trusted partners before we expand it out because, as you can imagine, a tool like this is a pretty sensitive one and a pretty powerful one,’ Axelgard told The Verge.

‘We want to make sure that we have guardrails in place to ensure that people are able to use it safely and properly.’

Axelgard added that the company is starting small to ‘learn more and figure out the proper way to address specific use cases like memes.’

Copyright infringement has been a sensitive issue since the dawn of social media in the early 2000s.

Creatives fighting to control the use of their work have faced pushback from users claiming fair usage.

And easy access to photo-editing software raises questions about how much an image can be changed, say in a meme, before it’s no longer considered the copyrighted work.

‘Social media platforms, and the norms they have inspired, present a unique challenge to copyright law,’ intellectual property attorneys Dyan Finguerra-DuCharme and Felicity Kohn wrote last week in WWD.

‘As scholars have noted – and as any social media user can attest – social media platforms have shifted the consumption habits of today’s society from a market culture to a sharing culture by encouraging users to share freely both original and third-party content.’

And the rules about copyright and social media are hardly static.

In 2007, the Ninth Circuit ruled that embedding an image from its source did not violate the owner’s copyright because technically viewers were being directed to the website where the image was stored.

In April, a judge ruled that photographer Stephanie Sinclair didn’t have grounds to sue Mashable for embedding her photo.

But another court reversed that decision in June, holding that Instagram’s terms of service did not automatically convey the requisite ‘explicit consent’ to grant rights to a third party, according to The National Law Review.

That same month, Judge Katherine Failla refused Newsweek’s request to dismiss a copyright infringement lawsuit brought by photographer Elliot McGucken.

The legacy media company had requested McGucken’s permission to use his image of a lake in Death Valley.

When he declined, Newsweek embedded the image from McGucken’s Instagram.

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Thousands of starfish washed ashore on Florida beach after Hurricane Sally hit last week

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thousands of starfish washed ashore on florida beach after hurricane sally hit last week

Thousands of starfish washed ashore Navarre Beach after Hurricane Sally ripped through Florida last week.

Residents discovered the creatures Saturday morning, along with other animals like clams, worms and an oyster toadfish.

Biology experts say these marine animals live in the inner tidal zone of the ocean and the hurricane shifted currents that left them stranded on land.

The tropical storm hit September 16, sinking a number of boats and docks, along with releasing intense rain that flooded parts of Navarre with more than 10 feet of water.

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Thousands of starfish washed ashore Navarre Beach after Hurricane Sally ripped through Florida last week. Residents discovered the creatures Saturday morning

Thousands of starfish washed ashore Navarre Beach after Hurricane Sally ripped through Florida last week. Residents discovered the creatures Saturday morning

Danny Fureigh, chief of Navarre Beach Fire Rescue, told Pensacola News Journal: ‘You have this big surge of water coming inland from several miles out, and then washing back out with everything it touches.’

‘It’s like a big toilet bowl, pretty much. We were the only beach flying double red flags because of the water quality.’

‘We wouldn’t want our families swimming in that.’

A teacher in a video on the Navarre Beach Marine Science Station Facebook said this was the first time she has seen anything like this, but notes it does happen.  

A teacher in a video on the Navarre Beach Marine Science Station Facebook said this was the first time she has seen anything like this, but notes it does happen

The surge also brought a pin clam ashore, which situates itself vertically in the ground to filter feed on plankton floating by

A teacher in a video on the Navarre Beach Marine Science Station Facebook said this was the first time she has seen anything like this, but notes it does happen

The species of starfish Astropecten articulatus, commonly known as the Royal Starfish that was named for its bold colors. This type of starfish is found in the western part of the Atlantic Ocean and is one of the most common living around the coast of the US

The species of starfish Astropecten articulatus, commonly known as the Royal Starfish that was named for its bold colors. This type of starfish is found in the western part of the Atlantic Ocean and is one of the most common living around the coast of the US

These starfish, which are related to sand dollars, live in the inner tidal zone of the ocean and were brought to shore with the big surge from the hurricane. 

Another post by the Science Station says ‘these are royal starfish. 

The species of starfish Astropecten articulatus, commonly known as the Royal Starfish that was named for its bold colors. 

This type of starfish is found in the western part of the Atlantic Ocean and is one of the most common living around the coast of the US. 

It has a purple granulated disk, which is the central region of the sea star, and the purple color continues to extend to its five flat rays, which are its arms.’

A pin clam was also found in the white sand that situates itself into the bottom of the ocean and filter feeds, along with a number of clear jellyfish – all of which had died since being stranded on land.

Biology experts say these marine animals live in the inner tidal zone of the ocean and the hurricane shifted currents that left them stranded on land.

Biology experts say these marine animals live in the inner tidal zone of the ocean and the hurricane shifted currents that left them stranded on land.

Biology experts say these marine animals live in the inner tidal zone of the ocean and the hurricane shifted currents that left them stranded on land

Another video on the Navarre Beach Marine Science Station Facebook page shows an oyster toadfish that Hurricane Sally also brought ashore. This creature has a mouth full of teeth that it uses to crush shells of oysters and other crustaceans

Another video on the Navarre Beach Marine Science Station Facebook page shows an oyster toadfish that Hurricane Sally also brought ashore. This creature has a mouth full of teeth that it uses to crush shells of oysters and other crustaceans 

Another video on the Navarre Beach Marine Science Station Facebook page shows an oyster toadfish that Hurricane Sally also brought ashore.

‘He is a species we find commonly enough. This little guy washed ashore during the hurricane,’ the scientist said in the clip.

‘What is really cool about the oyster toadfish is his teeth.’

Hurricane Sally made landfall Wednesday near areas located near the Gulf Shores and was recorded as a Category 2 storm that pushed a surge of water onto the coast and brought torrential rain that flooded the Florida Panhandle to Mississippi

Hurricane Sally made landfall Wednesday near areas located near the Gulf Shores and was recorded as a Category 2 storm that pushed a surge of water onto the coast and brought torrential rain that flooded the Florida Panhandle to Mississippi

Pointing to the creature’s mouth, the scientist explained that it uses tiny white teeth to break open shell fish like mollusks and oysters along the bottom of the ocean.

‘He has that nice big mouth to suck in the prey and really chomp down on it.’

‘Another really unique thing about this fish is on his dorsal fin, it is flattened from being out in the sun a few days, which is actually venomous.’

Hurricane Sally made landfall Wednesday near areas located near the Gulf Shores and was recorded as a Category 2 storm that pushed a surge of water onto the coast and brought torrential rain that flooded the Florida Panhandle to Mississippi.

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Hundreds of teeth found in the Sahara Desert reveal the Spinosaurus dinosaur had aquatic lifestyle

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hundreds of teeth found in the sahara desert reveal the spinosaurus dinosaur had aquatic lifestyle

A trove of more than a thousand dinosaur teeth in the Sahara Desert confirms that the largest carnivorous dinosaur on record spent most of its time in the water.

Larger than the Tyrannosaurus, the 50-foot, seven-ton Spinosaurus lived in North Africa some 95 to 100 million years ago.

With a limited fossil record to analyze, scientists have long believed it was a land dweller.

But the discovery of a Spinosaurus tail in the prehistoric Kem Kem riverbeds in Morocco, reported in April in the journal Nature, bolstered the theory that Spinosaurus was semiaquatic and used the appendage to move through the water like an oar.

Now researchers have identified hundreds of Spinosaurus teeth in the same riverbeds, confirming the giant lizard was a real-life ‘river monster.”  

According to their report, published in the journal Cretaceous Research, the massive predator was the most common dinosaur in the Kem Kem, which flowed through the Sahara 100 million years ago.

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Spinosaurus (right) faces off against a T-rex in the movie Jurassic Park III. The 50-foot, seven-ton Spinosaurus, was the largest known carnivorous dinosaur and lived in North Africa 100 million years ago

Spinosaurus (right) faces off against a T-rex in the movie Jurassic Park III. The 50-foot, seven-ton Spinosaurus, was the largest known carnivorous dinosaur and lived in North Africa 100 million years ago 

Scientists from the University of Portsmouth say the Spinosaurus teeth were easy to identify from among the 1,200 dental remains discovered in the Kem Kem.

‘They have a smooth round cross section which glints when held up to the light,’ said researcher Aaron Quigley.

Some 1,200 teeth were sorted by species and nearly half were from Spinosaurus.

‘The huge number of teeth we collected … reveals that Spinosaurus was there in huge numbers, accounting for 45 percent of the total dental remains,’ said University of Portsmouth paleobiologist David Martill.

A team from the University of Portsmouth recovered more than 1,200 dinosaur teeth from the Kem Kem riverbeds in Morocco and nearly half belonged to Spinosauruses. That abundance, researchers say, 'is a reflection of their aquatic lifestyle'

A team from the University of Portsmouth recovered more than 1,200 dinosaur teeth from the Kem Kem riverbeds in Morocco and nearly half belonged to Spinosauruses. That abundance, researchers say, ‘is a reflection of their aquatic lifestyle’

That abundance ‘is a reflection of their aquatic lifestyle,’ Martill added.

Terrestrial dinosaurs constituted less than one percent of the dental fragments at one Kem Kem site, and barely 5 percent at another, according to the report.

‘An animal living much of its life in water is much more likely to contribute teeth to the river deposit than those dinosaurs that perhaps only visited the river for drinking and feeding along its banks,’ Martill said.

A rendering of Spinosaurus hunting a group of sawfish. The discovery of a Spinosaurus tail, first reported in April, bolstered the theory the fearsome predator spent most of its time in the river

A rendering of Spinosaurus hunting a group of sawfish. The discovery of a Spinosaurus tail, first reported in April, bolstered the theory the fearsome predator spent most of its time in the river

 ‘From this research we are able to confirm this location as the place where this gigantic dinosaur not only lived but also died. The results are fully consistent with the idea of a truly water-dwelling, ‘river monster.” 

Spinosaurus was first uncovered by German paleontologist Ernst Stromer during excavations in Egypt between 1910 and 1914.

Longer than an adult Tyrannosaurus rex, it had an elongated snout atop a crocodile-like maw that bristled with conical teeth that made it easier for it to grasp prey.

Stromer named the creature Spinosaurus, or ‘spine lizard,’ after the long distinctive spines on its back.

He brought dozens of Spinosaurus fossils back to Munich’s Paleontological Museum but they were destroyed when the city was bombed by allies in World War II.

Drawings, photos, and descriptions were all that remained until recently.

How did the fearsome Spinosaurus hunt underwater?

Spinosaurus could grow up to 50 feet long and weigh up to seven tons. 

The beasts were so large and fearsome that the adults of the species had no natural predators. 

Pictured, an artist's impression from National Geographic of two Spinosaurus hunting sawfish. Adult Spinosaurus are known to reach up to 50 feet long and weight seven tons

Pictured, an artist’s impression from National Geographic of two Spinosaurus hunting sawfish. Adult Spinosaurus are known to reach up to 50 feet long and weight seven tons

It had several adaptations that allowed it to survive and hunt underwater. 

Its nostrils were far back on its head, allowing it to breath with only a small portion of its head poking above the water level. 

Its bones were extremely dense, similar to penguins, which allowed it to carefully control its position in the water, striking a careful balance between buoyancy and submersion. 

Large, flat feet that were most probably webbed allowed it to lumber across the soft land around the river banks, while locomotion in water was similar to crocodiles. 

Its flat tail moved laterally and propelled the dinosaur forward.   

It was a therepod, the same group of dinosaurs that includes Tyranosaurus rex. 

It is the only dinosaur that is known to have swum and had huge jaws packed with six inch long razor sharp teeth. 

The teeth were conical and not blade-like, which were well adapted to hold on to the slippery prey it hunted. 

Its snout is more similar to that of crocodiles than to other predatory dinosaurs. This housed sensory structures able to capture the waves produced by swimming prey.

This organ functioned like a sonar – allowing the animal to hunt even in murky waters. 

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