Might of the Taliban Air Force: Islamists now have 48 aircraft including Black Hawks and A-29 attack planes after US retreat left them with more air power than many NATO nations
- Jihadists have seized several major airbases, in Herat, Khost, Kunduz and Mazar-i-Sharif, and Kabul
- They have proudly posted pictures of seized $6m Black Hawks and a $14m Hercules transport jet
- The Taliban have been hunting for pilots from the disbanded Afghan Air Force to fly the vehicles
- Before Kabul fell, planes and helicopters were disabled by US troops, while others were flown overseas
- The jihadists have as many as 48 aircraft – it’s not clear how many planes or helicopters this breaks down to
- This is more aircraft than a third of Nato member states, including: Albania, Bosnia, Estonia, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Montenegro, North Macedonia and Slovenia
Over the last few months, the jihadists have captured 10 major airfields from Bagram to Mazar-i-Sharif, and today took to the skies in a $6 million Black Hawk helicopter in their fight against the resistance in the Panjshir Valley.
Taliban chiefs are reported to have ordered their troops to hunt down pilots from the disbanded Afghan Air Force, who received expensive training from the US and its allies to fly high-tech warplanes and choppers.
The jewel in the crown, Hamid Karzai International Airport in Kabul, was seized on Tuesday by triumphant jihadists who were seen clambering into the cockpit of a $14 million Hercules transport jet.
The Afghan Air Force was operating 167 aircraft, including 108 helicopters and 59 planes, according to an official U.S. government inspection on June 30.
Before Kabul fell, Uzbekistan confirmed that 46 Afghan aircraft, including 24 helicopters, had arrived in the country in order to prevent them from falling into the hands of the Taliban.
The commander of the US evacuation mission, Gen. Frank McKenzie, said American troops disabled 73 aircraft before finally leaving the country on Monday night.
That leaves as many as 48 aircraft seized by the Taliban, although it is unclear what the breakdown is in terms of planes and helicopters.
Nevertheless, the Islamists have more air power than 10 of the 30 Nato members, including: Albania, Bosnia, Estonia, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Montenegro, North Macedonia and Slovenia.
At the top of the Nato tree is the United States with more than 13,000 aircraft, followed by France with 1,057, Turkey with 1,056, Italy with 876 and the United Kingdom with 738.
It is unclear how many former pilots the Taliban have been able to recruit, however, a video which emerged on social media this month showed a group of militants flying in a Russian-made Mi-17 chopper.
Another today, showed a Black Hawk heading to the contested Panjshir Valley north of Kabul where the country’s last stand is being fought by the Northern Alliance resistance fighters.
It is unlikely that an amateur would be able to get such a helicopter off the ground, let alone be able to land it.
According to the June 30 tally by the US-based Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (Sigar), the Afghan Air Force had 43 MD-530 helicopters, 33 Black Hawks, 32 Mi-17s, 33 C-208 propeller planes, 23 A-19 turboprop light attack planes and 3 Hercules C-130s.
A single Black Hawk helicopter costs around $6 million, while a Hercules transport jet comes in at $14 million per unit.
Although many of the planes were flown away before the runways were seized, satellite imagery revealed that not all of them made it.
Analysis of satellite images commissioned by the BBC revealed that six days after Kandahar airport was captured by the Taliban, there were five aircraft – at least two MI-17s choppers, two Black Hawks and a third unidentified helicopter.
Around a month before the airbase was seized, there were 16 aircraft spotted – including nine Black Hawks, two MI-17s and five fixed-wing planes.
The aircraft were either flown to other runways in the country or shifted overseas.
A-29 light attack plane
Manufacturer: Embraer (Brazil)
First flight: 1999
Role: Low-cost attack plane armed with precision guided missiles for low-threat environments.
Length: 37 ft 4 in
Wingspan: 36ft 7in
Max takeoff weight: 11,905 lb
Max speed: 370 mph
Range: 1,744 miles
Service ceiling: 35,000ft
Armament: Guns: Internal 12.7mm machine guns, wing-mounted machine guns.
Rockets: Air-to-air missiles (Sidewinder, Piranha, Python), air-to-ground missiles (AGM-65 Maverick, Roketsan Cirit).
Bombs: Incendiary (BINC-300), cluster (BLG-252) and precision guided bombs (Lizard, Griffin, Paveway II).
Manufacturer: Lockheed Martin (USA)
First flight: 1954
Role: Originally designed for troop, medevac and cargo transport. Other roles as a gunship (AC-130) for air assaults, search and rescue, reconnaissance and aerial refueling have been utilised.
Length: 97 ft 9 in
Wingspan: 132 ft 7 in
Height 38 ft
Max takeoff weight: 75,800lb
Max speed: 370 mph
Range: 2,360 miles
Maximum altitude: 40,000ft
Armament: The AC-130 gunship variants can be armed with miniguns, rotary cannons, howitzers, missiles and bombs.
Manufacturer: Soviet Union (Russia)
First flight: 1975
Role: Transport helicopter, with gunship capabilities.
Crew: 2 pilots, 1 engineer
Length: 60 ft 7in
Height: 18 ft 6 in
Max takeoff weight: 28,660 lb
Max speed: 170 mph
Range: 500 miles
Service ceiling: 20,000 ft
Rockets: S-8 high explosive fragmentation rockets; Ataka anti-tank guided missiles.
Guns: UPK-23-250 23mm autocannon
Manufacturer: Cessna (USA)
First flight: 1982
Role: Transport aircraft, widely used by civilians and also as serves a military transport role.
Crew: One or two
Length: 37 ft 7 in
Wingspan: 52 ft 1 in
Maximum landing weight: 7,800 lb
Max speed: 186 kn (214 mph)
Range: 1,232 miles
Service ceiling: 25,000ft
Manufacturer: McDonnell Douglas (USA)
First flight: 1976
Role: Light multifunctional chopper, can be armed with missiles, ideal for scouting missions.
Length: 30 ft 9 in
Height: 8ft 8.5 in
Max takeoff weight: 2,550 lb
Max speed: 132 knots (152 mph)
Range: 366 miles
Hover ceiling: 8,200 ft
Armament: Four TOW anti-tank missiles OR
Two 7.62mm miniguns OR
Four Stinger air-to-air missiles OR
Mk44/Mk46 torpedoes OR
two seven-shot rocked pods
UH-60 Black Hawk
Manufacturer: Sikorsky Aircraft (USA)
First flight: 1974
Role: Primarily a tactical transport helicopter, later iterations have been more combat oriented.
Crew: 2 pilots and 2 gunners
Length: 64ft 10 in
Height: 16ft 10 in
Max takeoff weight: 22,000 lb
Max speed: 159 knots (183 mph)
Range: 1,380 miles (with extra fuel tanks)
Service ceiling: 19,000 ft
Guns: 2 × 7.62 mm (0.30 in) M240 machine guns OR 2 × 7.62 mm (0.30 in) M134 minigun.
Rockets: Unguided (Hydra 70); laser guided (Hellfire and Stinger).
Bombs: Can be equipped with VOLCANO mine clearers.
An aerial picture of Uzbekistan’s Termez airport taken on August 16 shows that there were more than 24 helicopters, including MI-17, MI-25, Black Hawks and also several A-29 light-attack and C-208 planes.
The Uzbek government has since confirmed that 46 Afghan aircraft did land in the central Asian country.
They quickly realised that they would need pilots to fly the high tech vehicles and set about actively recruiting from members of the Afghan Air Force, who received top training by the US and its allies.
Before leaving late Monday night, the US military disabled scores of aircraft and armoured vehicles as well as a high-tech rocket defence system, Marine Gen. Frank McKenzie said.
A total of 73 aircraft at at Hamid Karzai International Airport were ‘demilitarised’, or rendered useless.
‘Those aircraft will never fly again… They’ll never be able to be operated by anyone,’ he said. ‘Most of them are non-mission capable, to begin with. But certainly, they’ll never be able to be flown again.’
Two weeks ago on August 14 when the US started airlifting troops and civilians from Kabul airport, Pentagon built up a force of nearly 6,000 troops, along with 600 British soldiers, to occupy and operate the airport.
Once the evacuation process ended, around 70 MRAP armoured tactical vehicles, which can cost up to $1m a piece, were disabled before leaving, along with 27 Humvees. ‘The vehicles will never be used again by anyone,’ he said.
The US also left behind the C-RAM system — counter rocket, artillery, and mortar — that was used to protect the airport from rocket attacks.
The system helped fend off a five-rocket barrage from the Islamic State on Monday.
‘We elected to keep those systems in operation up until the very last minute,’ before the last US aircraft left, McKenzie said.
‘It’s a complex procedure and time-intensive procedure to break down those systems. So we demilitarize those systems so that they’ll never be used again.’
Elsewhere in the passenger terminal of the airport, there appeared wanton destruction, with offices trashed and seating destroyed, but it was not clear whether that damage predated the arrival of the US and British troops.